Birth record reading example with some abbreviations

Prior to the mid 1800’s, the birth books were not standardized and the format varies by minister and time. When looking at a birth book, it is always good to review the minister’s style and determine the format of the content.

Today we will look at a birth record from 1837 in the parish of Älvsbacka (Elvsbacka) parish in Värmland county. In the record below, you will see that the content of the birth record is divided into six boxes. In this record, the minister has recorded the birth date, baptismal date, child’s residence, names of parents, names of witnesses and residence, name of minister who baptized child, age of mother and child’s name.

alvsbacka birthÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 22 (AID: v9055.b22, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

  • Box 1 – Birth and baptismal month – Juni (June)
  • Box 2 – Birth day 14 (June 14, 1837)
  • Box 3 – Baptismal day 15 (June 15, 1837)
  • Box 4 – Child’s residence in parish, name of parents, names and residence of baptismal witnesses and the name of minister who baptized the child
  • Box 5 – Age of mother – 36
  • Box 6 – Child’s name – Stina Maria

Box 4 Transcription:

Örtnåstorp, H. e. Henrik Andersson o. d. h. Cajsa Magnusdotters barn.
Faddrar:  H. e. Anders Henriksson o. d. h. Ingrid Andersdotter i Örtnås.
D. a. Comm Frykholm.

While most of the words in the birth record are names of persons or places and dates, there are some Swedish words. Also, in this record, the minister has used some abbreviations. Below in text order are the Swedish words and abbreviations.

  • H. e. – hemman ägare – farm owner
  • o – och – and
  • d – dess – his
  • hhustru – wife
  • barn – child
  • Faddrar – witnesses
  • i – at
  • dopt – baptized
  • a – af – by
  • Comm – Komminister – assistant pastor, curate

Complete English translation of Box 4:

Örtnåstorp, Farm owner – Henrik Andersson and his wife. Cajsa Magnusdotters child.
Witnesses- Farm owner Anders Henriksson and his wife Ingrid Andersdotter at Örtnås.
Baptized by Pastor Frykholm.

Sometimes the minister would use full words in one entry and then abbreviate the same words in another entry. If you were to look at another birth entry in the previous year, you will see that the minister has spelled out the phrase baptized by (dopt af) as seen in the image below. By looking at that record, then one can decipher the meaning for the abbreviation “D. a”.

full spelling doptÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 21 (AID: v9055.b21, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

Click here to see a 1700’s birth record example.

Click here to see an 1800’s birth record example.

ArkivDigital

Over 100 million register posts!

ArkivDigital has now reached another milestone: over 100 million register posts are now searchable! Since the beginning of the year, 13 million register posts have been added which means that the number of register posts has increased from 88 million to 101 million.

Register posts have been added to the following search indexes:

  • The Population of Sweden 1860-1920 has been expanded to include the years 1921 to 1930 and thus the name of the index has been changed to the Population of Sweden 1860 – 1930. See earlier blog.
  • The inventory of estate index additions includes posts for Göteborg-och-Bohus, Värmland, and Älvsborg counties. See earlier blog.
  • The birth, marriage and death indexes addition include posts from Nyköping and the surrounding areas. See earlier blog.

helin estate inventorySearching in the estate inventory register

 The distribution of the register posts is as follows (rounded numbers):

  • Population of Sweden 1950 – 7 million posts
  • Population of Sweden 1960 – 7.5 million posts
  • Population of Sweden 1860-1930 – 84 million posts
  • Inventory of estate – 1 million posts
  • Swedes in the US 1940 – 500,000 posts
  • Portrait collection – 100,000 posts
  • Birth index, parts of Södermanland – 300,000 posts
  • Marriage index, parts of Södermanland – 100,000 posts
  • Death index, parts of Södermanland – 200,000 posts

The Population of Sweden 1950 is available for all subscribers. The other registers are only available in the All-in-one subscription. Several of the registers are only available in the web version of our application program, which you will find here: https://app.arkivdigital.se

See original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Additions to the estate inventory register

Last summer, ArkivDigital launched a searchable name register for estate inventories, which we discussed in an earlier blog. Go to the earlier blog.

Now, additional name searchable indexes for a large number of estate inventories from the district and city courts in Värmland, Älvsborg along with Göteborgs och Bohus counties have been recently added.

estateinventorygunnarssonSearching in the estate inventory register.

The estate inventory register already included indexes from Gotland, Gävleborg, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Uppsala, Västerbotten, Västernorrland and Östergötland counties. However, no county is complete and the amount of searchable index entries for each county varies. You can find out what district and city courts and years, the estate inventory register covers by going to this link: https://www.arkivdigital.se/online/register/bouppteckningar. More indexes will be added to the register in the future.

In order to access the estate inventory register, one must have an All-in-one subscription. The register is only available in the web version of our software, which you will find here: https://arkivdigital.net/products/adonline/installation

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

What does NAD mean?

We have received a couple of questions from some of our English-speaking customers asking what does NAD mean in the ArkivDigital source citations? NAD is an abbreviation for the National Archive Database (Nationell Arkivdatabas). When anyone creates a source citation for an ArkivDigital record by clicking on the copy icon in the application and then selecting copy source identifier, there is a NAD reference in the citation.

source identifier 2The source citation for the above birth record in Brunskog parish in Värmland county created by using the copy source identifier function is: Brunskog (S) CI:3 (1782-1844) Image 76 / page 143 (AID: v5046.b76.s143, NAD: SE/VA/13065).

In this case the NAD reference code is SE/VA/13065. The code elements include a country code (SE) for Sweden, archive code (VA) an abbreviation for the Värmland regional archive and a collection code (13065) referring to the collection materials or in this case the church book collection for Brunskog parish.

You can also find the National Archive Database reference code in the parish archive info box in ArkivDigital. Whenever one looks for an archive such as a parish archive, one will see two tabs at the top of page: volumes and archive info as shown below.

archiveNAD

More information about the archive is displayed in the info box. For most Swedish archives, you will also see NAD with a reference code as shown in the image above. You can click on the reference code which is a direct link to the National Archive Database which lists all the volumes that exist in the archives for this collection.

This is a good tool to use to determine if a volume actually exists. For example, let us search for a death record in Brunskog parish for the year 1931. When we search for death books in ArkivDigital, we find that the books only go up to 1928.

brunskogdeath

To check if there is an original death book for 1931, click on the archive info box for Brunskog parish and click on the NAD reference code which provides a direct link to the National Archive Database. There we will see that the 1931 death records are included  in the volume FI:7 1928-1952 as shown in the image below.

brunskogsarchive

Since this volume has records that are protected by the 70-year privacy law, the book is not available in ArkivDigital.  However, you will find the death record extracts for 1931 in the SCB collection in ArkivDigital. Click here for more information about the SCB collection.

ArkivDigital

Tracing Moves in the Church Books

One of the most common questions that one receives when one shows the household records to beginning researchers is: “Why are the names crossed out?”.  The simple answer is that the names are crossed out when the person moves to another place or dies.

In this blog, we will show a case of someone moving to another place in the same parish.

Movements to and from a place are noted in the moving (flyttat) columns. In the record below, there are two moving columns: one showing movement to this place from another place and one showing movement to a new place.

  • The column noted with an “A” shows the place (parish, city or page in the household book with the date) where the person came from and the date.
  • The column noted with a “B” shows the place (parish, city or page in the household book) where the persons is moving to and the date.

correct HFL with moving in and outLysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 64 / page 54 (AID: v12038.b64.s54, NAD: SE/VA/13349) (Link)

In the above record, we see three movements for Maria, Olof Larsson’s barn (child) at the place, Backa, in Lysvik parish in Värmland county.

  1. f. 481 5/11 67. She moves to a place on page 481 in the same household book on the 5th of November 1867. See image below.
  2. f. 481 4/11 68. She moves back to this place (Backa) from the place on page 481 (Åsegård) in this parish book on the 4th of November 1868. The household record showing her living at Åsegård is shown below.
  3. f. 532 19/10 70. She moves to a place on page 532 (Öjenäs) in the same household book on the 19th of October 1870. See Lysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 577 / page 532 (AID: v12038.b577.s532, NAD: SE/VA/13349).

moving in hfl2Lysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 522 / page 481 (AID: v12038.b522.s481, NAD: SE/VA/13349)  (Link)

The abbreviation “f” in the moving column means folio or page. Other abbreviations for page include “s” (sida) or “p” (pagina).

Click here for more information on the household records with column translation headings.

ArkivDigital

Where did Klara settle in North America?

While we have often mentioned that one of the greatest challenges for many North Americans is to identify the parish where their Swedish ancestor originated from. However, once the mystery is solved, it is usually fairly easy to trace the family backwards in time in the Swedish records. Primarily because the records are so complete especially with household records that were updated yearly.

Finding where a Swedish emigrant immigrated to in North America can often be just as challenging if not more so especially with women who emigrated unmarried and then later married in North America.

This was the challenge that Todd Johnson faced in trying to research one of his ancestors, Klara Jonasdotter, who was born on the 15th of March 1859 in Håbol parish in Värmland. She emigrated from Dals-Ed parish in 1882 to North America. See image below.

householdklaraDals-Ed (P) AI:17 (1876-1885) Image 34 / page 27 (AID: v3863.b34.s27, NAD: SE/GLA/13082) Link.

But where in North America? In this case, Klara’s father, Jonas Johansson’s estate inventory provided the clue for locating Klara. By tracing Jonas forward in the household records, Todd discovered that Jonas died on the 6th of October 1901 in Håbol parish.

To trace Jonas further in the household records, one short method is to use the search index for the Population of Sweden 1880 to 1920 in the All-in-One subscription. In this case, just by entering his birth date, 18251119, and the birth parish, Håbol, all the applicable household records until his death appear in the result list. See below.

search-for-jonas

His death is recorded in the Håbol household record for the years 1901-1905. See image below.

jonasdeathhouseholdrecordHåbol (P) AIIa:2 (1901-1905) Image 2940 / page 282 (AID: v199357.b2940.s282, NAD: SE/GLA/13231) Link.

To find the estate inventory, go to the archives for Håbol parish and search for estate inventories. Open the archive and look for an estate inventory register which is a name indexed register. In this case since there is no register for this time period, we have to search for the record page by page beginning with the death date. However, we meet with success and we find the clue about Klara that helped Todd locate her in North America.

estate-inventoryVedbo häradsrätt (P) FIIa:57 (1902-1902) Image 1250 / page 51 (AID: v511345.b1250.s51, NAD: SE/GLA/11120) Link.

The estate inventory shows that Klara is in North America married to Aron Molin in Minnesota. (Klara gift med Aron Molin i Minnesota i Norra Amerika.) By knowing Klara’s husband’s name, Todd was able to do further U.S. research in the U.S census records where Todd discovered that Klara and Aron lived in Nessel township in Chisago county in the state of Minnesota in 1900.

Thanks to Todd Johnson in Minnesota for this research case.

Read more about estate inventories.

ArkivDigital

Searching for a parish of origin in the Kansas church books

One of the biggest challenges for many Swedish Americans is to discover the parish of origin for their Swedish ancestor. When one attends a presentation about how to get started with Swedish research, the Swedish American church books are mentioned as one source that might provide some clues. (Click here for beginning Swedish genealogy research tips.)

Many Swedes who immigrated to North America joined a Swedish American church. While most of these congregations were Lutheran, there were also Swedish Covenant, Swedish Methodist, Swedish Baptist, Swedish Mission and other free churches. Many of these churches kept detailed records as they did in Sweden.

ArkivDigital’s online library includes many Swedish American church books from Kansas and a few from Missouri and Oklahoma. If one’s Swedish’s ancestor settled in these areas, these books can be helpful in determining where your ancestor came from in Sweden.

One can search in the  Swedish American church records to discover where in Sweden a person came from or to discover more about the person’s life in North America. The detail and content in the Swedish American church books do vary by time, minister and religious denomination. The Lutheran church books tend to have some standardization and more detail than other denominations but again that will vary by congregation.

Search Method
To begin your search, you will need a name and a location. If you have a name and town location, but don’t know the person’s religious denomination:

  1. Look for church books for that town.
  2. If there are several denominations, begin with the Lutheran church books since most were Lutherans, then proceed to Covenant, Methodist, Baptist or other church book denominations in that order.
  3. If you don’t find the person in the church books, you may want to search in the church books in a nearby town that is in the same county or nearby county.

Case Study – Begin in Congregation Book (Church Register)

We want to discover the parish of origin in Sweden for Carl Carlson who lived in Lindsborg, Kansas and was Lutheran. We have been told that he was born around 1835 and that his wife’s name was Emma and one of his children was named David.

  1. Start the ArkivDigital application and click on search archives.
  2. Select new archive search and county.
  3. Select the archive for Kansas (USA).
  4. Search for the Lindsborg Lutheran church archives.
  5. You will find that there are 3 Lutheran churches in Lindsborg:
    1. Lindsborg Lutheran Bethany Church
    2. Lindsborg Freemount Lutheran Church
    3. Lindsborg Messiah Lutheran Church
  6. Select the first in the list: Lindsborg Lutheran Bethany Church.
  7. The info box above the archive list names the county where Lindsborg is located which is McPherson. On the right side is a list of volumes available for this congregation. For this parish, there are four congregation books all beginning in the year 1869 with different end years.
  8. Search for congregation books and click on each congregation book and see if there is a name register in the book. In the info box above the volume list, the name index will be noted with the entry “med personregister”. You will notice that one appears for the volume, Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA Vol: 2 (1869-1886).  Not all congregation books have name registers. In those cases, where there is none, you will need to browse through the book page by page.

Open the book and you will see an indexed name register. Search for Carl Carlson. See image below.
lindsborg-index
Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA (KS) Vol:2 (1869-1886) Image 9 (AID: v812465a.b9, NAD: ) Link.

While there are no Carl Carlson’s, there are the following entries in the list:

  • Carlson C. J.                     25
  • Carlson C (Sec 28)           96
  • ” (Sec 30)                          83
    The numbers: 25, 96 and 83 to the right of the names in this case represent an entry number in the church register.  Sometimes the number represents a page number. The minister did not repeat the name on the third line but only indicated that it was the same name by a ditto mark.

Go to entry  #25 to see if the information matches. In this case, the record does not match the given information. Below is the image for entry #25.

entry-number-25Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA (KS) Vol:2 (1869-1886) Image 37 / page 7 (AID: v812465a.b37.s7, NAD: ) Link.

Next, go to entry #96. See image below.

entry-number-96Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA (KS) Vol:2 (1869-1886) Image 50 / page 20 (AID: v812465a.b50.s20, NAD: ) Link.

This is the correct person. The record shows Carl Carlson born on the 12th of June 1835 in Lungsund, Värmland. You will notice that Värmland is abbreviated as Werm. Also, Carl has a child named David and his wife is Emma Olsdotter born on the 23rd of July 1840 in Färnebo, Värmland. This record shows that they were received in this parish in October of 1869.  Carl and Emma arrived in America from Sweden in 1869 and came to Lindsborg in 1869. The record also shows three children all born in Lindsborg:

  • Emma was born on the 28th of June 1870.
  • David was born on the 21st of December 1875.
  • Hannah was born on the 2nd of February 1880 and she died on the 17th of July 1880.

Now you have enough information to research Carl and Emma further in the Swedish church books. Below is an image of Carl’s birth record in Lungsund, Värmland.

carls-birth-recordLungsund (S) C:5 (1830-1854) Image 29 / page 53 (AID: v7336.b29.s53, NAD: SE/VA/13342) Link.

Click here for more information on Swedish church books.
Click here for examples of birth records.

ArkivDigital

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar) 1901-1960 – Status update

ArkivDigital has been photographing estate inventory records for the period, 1901 to 1960 for a while. We have mentioned this activity several times in our blogs, the last one was about a year ago: see previous blog. We have photographed much more since then and thought it was a good time to give a status update.



Our photographing progress varies between counties. Below is a status by county of what records are complete followed by a summary of the records we are currently photographing. Our goal is to photograph estate inventories up to and including the year 1960.  But in Gotland, we have been successful in photographing some later records. For all counties, single volumes may be missing in cases where they were in such poor physical condition that they could not be photographed.

Estate inventories are available in ArkivDigital up to the year noted:

1920: Jönköping, Kalmar, Östergötland
1930: Kopparberg, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Södermanland, Uppsala, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Västmanland, Örebro
1940: Gävleborg, Jämtland*, Stockholm
1945: Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg, Älvsborg
1950: Värmland
1960: Blekinge, Halland, Kristianstad, Malmöhus
1980: Gotland, (Visby city court 1945-1961 missing)

Photographing is in progress for the following:

1921-1930: Jönköping, Kalmar, Östergötland.
1931-1940: Kopparberg, Norrbotten, Södermanland, Uppsala, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Västmanland, Örebro
1941-1945: Stockholm
1946-1950: Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg, Älvsborg
1951-1955: Värmland

*For Jämtland county, there are some estate inventories missing for the period 1861-1900. But currently photographing is in progress for these records. For the rest of Sweden, the estate inventories from earliest time to the year 1900 are available in ArkivDigital and have been for some time.

estateinventory1926Eksjö rådhusrätt och magistrat FIII:9 (1921-1930) Image 7050 / page 30 (AID: v496946.b7050.s30, NAD: SE/VALA/01662) Link.

During the 1900’s, more estate inventories were typewritten. In the above image, which is from the Eksjö rådhusrätt och magistrats collection of estate inventories from the year 1926, we see the end or last page of a typewritten estate inventory and the beginning page of a handwritten one.

Learn more about estate inventories.

View original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

ArkivDigital and Swedish Genealogists’ Research Day in Portland, Oregon

portland_small

Three genealogists from Sweden and Kathy Meade of ArkivDigital led a one-day workshop in Portland, Oregon at Nordia House on Tuesday, September 20. The participants were given presentations about records in ArkivDigital, Swedish emigration and culture, historical maps and other Swedish genealogy topics. In addition, many participants received individual assistance with their personal research.

It was wonderful to meet so many Swedish-Americans in Oregon. Among the many areas where the participants’ Swedish roots originated included Skåne, Halland, Småland, Värmland, Närke, Dalarna and Jämtland.

The SwedGen Tour 2016 continues with stops in Tacoma, Washington on Saturday, September 24 and in Seattle, Washington on Sunday, September 25. There is still time to register for these events.

Click here for program and registration information for the program in Tacoma.

Click here for program and registration information for the program in Seattle.

Visit our North American event calendar.

ArkivDigital

Photographing of modern church books – several counties are complete

modern church bookA page out of the Junosuando congregation book for the years 1935-1945 (AIIa:4), one of the many new church book volumes which have recently been added in ArkivDigital.
Link.

At the end of January, we announced some exciting news in a blog post. The National Swedish Archives changed a decision which had previously prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935, (see previous blog entry). This opened up a long awaited opportunity for us, namely to photograph the modern church books up to and including the law of privacy limits (currently the year 1945). During the late winter, spring and summer, we have been busy photographing parish congregation books, moving in/out registers, birth, marriage and books. As a result of this work, 20 of the 25 counties are now complete.

Completed counties: Blekinge, Gotland, Gävleborg, Halland, Jämtland, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kopparberg, Kristianstad, Kronoberg, Malmöhus, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Södermanland, Värmland, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Västmanland and Örebro.

Counties with photographing in progress: Göteborg och Bohuslän, Skaraborg, Uppsala and Östergötland.

For the remaining county, Älvsborg, we will soon begin to photograph these books.

You can find more detail as to what volumes are available in ArkivDigital such as the modern church books and other types of volumes on our website, (link to website page).

We want to emphasize that that there are different privacy rules for different series which influence which volumes we can photograph. In an earlier blog, (see earlier blog) we outlined some of the privacy rules for various types of church books, (see third and fourth paragraphs).

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital