New search index for Agricultural Statistics 1944

In the church books and other Swedish historical records, we discover many ancestors and relatives who owned or worked on farms. One title one often sees is hemmansägare (home owner or owner of the farm). But what was the practical life like for a person with this title?

When we are talking about rural life in the middle of the 20th century, a useful source, Swedish National Agricultural Census of 1944, has been available in the All-in-one version of ArkivDigital for over a year. It has been somewhat difficult to search in the census but now a name searchable index also in the All-in-one version has been created to ease the search. You can search by the farmer’s name, place name and parish. To search, you do the following:

  • Select New index search.
  • Under index source, select Agriculture statistics 1944.
  • Enter the search criteria and click search.

Here is an example. In the Population of Sweden 1950, you will find a Per Georg Eliasson born in 1882 shown as a hemmansägare at Stenviksstrand 1:10 in Ramsele parish in Västernorrland county. See image below.

1950 per georg

1944 agricultural census searchSearch index record – Agriculture statistics 1944 for Per Georg Eliasson

By looking at the Swedish National Agriculture Census of 1944, one can get a better understanding of his life. His farm consisted of 139 hectares or about 343 acres. You will see that the division of the farm included 7 hectares of tilled land or fields, 17 hectares of pasture land and 96 hectares of woods.

1944 agricultural record
Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944 H1AB:696 (1944) Image 9380 (AID: v836350.b9380, NAD: SE/RA/4204012004)

In addition, the record shows that there was no tractor so horses were used to pull the farm equipment. The cows were milked by hand in the morning and the evening. Also, there was no running water in the house but there was electric lighting. However, a wooden stove was used for the cooking.

The census asked if certain agricultural tools and equipment were used on the farm such as a manure spreader (stallgödselspridare), potato harvester (potatisupptagningsmaskin) plus other tools.

By viewing the National Agricultural Census 1944 record, we have a much better understanding of hemmansägare, Per Georg Eliasson’s life on his farm at Stenviksstrand 1:10.

There are in total 44,000 farms throughout Sweden in the National Agricultural Census 1944 including many small farms as well as some city properties. Thus, you may want to search for persons who live on the outskirts of cities who you may not think of as farmers.

These census forms were filled out primarily by the farmers. Unfortunately, many had poor handwriting resulting in errors in the registration both for personal names and place names (parish name should be correct). Thus, one may need to be creative in the search and search for alternative spellings.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Swedish National Agriculture Census 1944

For our customers who have an All-in-one subscription, we want to mention that the 1944 Swedish national agricultural census is now accessible. If you have an All-in-one subscription, you can find the 1944 agriculture census by doing the following:

  • Go to archive search
  • Enter SCB in the source box
  • Select: Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944

The material covers all of Sweden and includes information for approximately 400 farms. The archive consists of forms filled out and signed by the owner or tenant of each farm.

1944-1Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944  H1AB:78 (1944-1944) Image 240 (AID: v835732.b240, NAD: SE/RA/4204012004) Link.

The picture above shows the form that Knut Andersson at Gärdslätt rusthåll, in Rinna parish in Östergötland county filled out. The property consisted of 97 hectares or about 240 acres of land with the following divisions:

  • Arable land – 26 hectares
  • Garden – 1 ½ hectares
  • Pasture – 5 hectares
  • Forest area – 61 hectares
  • Other grounds – 3.5 hectares

The form also shows that Knut owned a seeding machine, a reaper, a hay baler, a horse rake on wheels and a tractor. There was also water and electrical power on the farm.

The results of the agriculture census were compiled by Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) in a 570-page report. The report can be downloaded from Statistics Sweden’s website. Go to the report.

The 1944 agricultural census also includes another form which provides information on what crops were grown and the livestock on the farm. We have not yet scanned this form but we will be scanning it in the future. Our goal is to begin the scanning before the end of the year. Once the form is online, our All-in-one’s customers will have access to detailed information about the crops grown and livestock on each farm.

Note - The National Agriculture Census 1944 ( Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944) archive is only accessible for customers with an All-in one subscription. More information is available our website.

Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital