Skånska Documents from the Danish Period

Skåne’s Genealogical Society (Skånes Genealogiska Förbund abbreviated SGF) was established in 1937. In the beginning most of the research was focused on the nobility, the church ministers and the bourgeois. A greater interest in genealogy developed in the 1950’s and 1960’s when the Swedish church books were microfilmed. In the 1970’s and 1980’s, one was able to borrow microfilms from other parts of the country. But in Skåne if one wanted to research before 1658, (the time before Skåne was part of Sweden), one had to travel to Copenhagen where some documents were available at the Danish National Archives (Rigsarkivet). During the 1980s, the board of SGF repeatedly held discussions about the possibility of establishing a society archive. The thought was to acquire copies of important and difficult to access Skånska archival documents. These thoughts became reality in 1980 when a monetary grant was received to make photocopies of documents concerning Skåne that were preserved in the Danish National Archives. In addition, a number of documents stored at the Swedish National Archives were also copied.

skane documents

Link to record.

Approximately 20,000 paper copies were copied and also some documents in Stockholm that were not available in Skåne formed the SGF archive. This archive was created before the age of digitization. A catalog was created in book form listing the archive contents so that copies of these documents could be ordered.

A few years ago, the Skåne Genealogical Society changed their Swedish name from Skånes Genealogiska Förbund to Skånes Släktforskarförbund (abbreviated SkSF) and changed the archive name to SkSF archive. At the Skåne Genealogical’s Society’s meeting in 2016 a motion was made to digitize these materials and ArkivDigital was asked if they would scan the paper copies and make them available.

land book denmark1604 Land register from Asmundtorp. AID:v880266.b270.s27

The material consists mostly of tax registers and land registers from the 1500’s and 1600’s but there are also other documents. In 1676, Denmark occupied parts of Skåne and quickly created tax registers for those parts of Sweden that they took back. There were even rolls listing the friskytta (fighters) who fought for the Danish king.

skane muster roll

Muster roll for Captain Eskils Nielsen’s company friskyttar, mustered in Helsingborg on July 10,1679. AID:v880383.b630.s63

To access the material (note these are scanned paper copies and not photographs of the original documents), search for Skånes Släktforskarförbund archive. Keep in mind that the county division was different during the Danish time. For example. there were both Helsingborg and Landskrona counties, as well as some smaller counties. A register of parishes and towns is in the process of being prepared to facilitate searching.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

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Try ArkivDigital for free this weekend!

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ArkivDigital provides the key to a very exciting story – the story about you!

Whether you’ve been researching for a long time or are just beginning, ArkivDigital has what you need: church books, estate inventories, tax registers, military rolls, spy documents, passenger ship manifests, Swedish American church books in Kansas, Minnesota and Nebraska, aerial photos and many other historical documents. In addition, there are many name searchable indexes that can make it easier for you to find your Swedish ancestors.

On Saturday, November 11th and Sunday, November 12th, we are giving free access to everyone who wants to try our ArkivDigital All-in-one service! New users and users with a Base subscription will get access to everything in our database including the, All-in-one, during the whole weekend.

Take the opportunity to research your Swedish heritage and discover the wealth of records in our online archive. Invite your friends and relatives to take advantage of this free offer. Enjoy the free days!

Click here to go to the free days.

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Many tax registers in ArkivDigital

Old tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) may not sound like a particular exciting research source. And many who look at tax registers are not easily impressed. Mostly just names, columns and numbers.

However, as we go back in time, the information in the household records becomes less detailed and the household records often do not exist in the late 1700’s or in prior times. It is at this time that the tax registers become a valuable source for the family researcher. Particularly useful are the tax or population registers (mantalslängderna), which begin around 1630.

The tax registers or population registers were created annually and are, like the household records, organized topographically by parish and village or farm. A single volume does not say so much. But when one follows the registers through a succession of years, one can follow developments and changes on a farm or village. This data can then be combined with the birth, marriage and death records, and often one can see the changes within a family nearly as clearly as if the household records had been preserved. The information in the tax registers or population registers varies over time and in different areas of the country.

tax register october 2017At the time around the change of the century between the 1700’s and 1800’s, there is often good information in the columns in the tax register. In the above tax register which refers to Nätra parish in the year, 1803, you will columns for taxes referring to pocket watches (fickur) (gold or silver) and the use of silk (sidentyg).

In ArkivDigital, you can find tax registers or population registers for all of Sweden from the beginning up until the 1800’s (often 1820). Several copies of tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) were created and they are preserved in different archives. Thus, they can sometimes be difficult to find.

The first series are found with the local authorities. You can search for these in the following archives in the English interface in ArkivDigital:

  • District registrar (Swedish – häradsskrivare)
  • Alternative archives
    • Kronokamrer
    • Kronokassör
    • Mantalskontor
    • Taxation Authority (Swedish – Uppbördsverk)
    • Kommunalborgmästare
    • Crown bailiff (Swedish – kronofogde)

The second series is at the regional level or county level in the regional archives or search for the country archives in the English interface.

The third series are at the national level in Stockholm. In the English interface, search in the chamber archive. Or you can enter mantalslängder 1642–1820 or länsräkenskaper in the search box. For Stockholm city, you can find population registers and other tax register in the Överståthållarämbetets archive.

Concerning the third series of the tax registers or population registers those named Mantalslängder 1642-1820, we are prioritizing photographing volumes for the counties and years that are missing in the other series. This is an ongoing project and more volumes will be added online. For the first two series, the photographing is now complete.

ArkivDigital is working currently to make it simpler to find all these tax or population registers.

Read original blog in Swedish.

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Population registers (Mantalslängder)

ockelbo 1842

Tax register for Ockelbo (Ugglebo) parish in 1842

The population registers (mantalslängderna) or tax registers are important sources for genealogical research. These records existed as early as the 1640’s long before household records or for that matter many other church records for most parishes. In cases where the church books have been destroyed by fire or other causes, these population registers are a treasure for the researcher.

Today, we would like to provide a summary of our English tutorials and blogs providing tips on researching in the population registers (mantalslängderna) or tax registers.

Tax Registers (Mantalslängder)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/tax-registers-mantalslangder

More Tax Registers in ArkivDigital
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/more-tax-registers-in-arkivdigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/research-in-varnamo-voxtorp-and-tanno-church-books-burned 

Population register 1941
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/population-register-1941

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Royal Palace Archive (Slottsarkivet) Documents – now in ArkivDigital

During the spring, ArkivDigital began photographing documents preserved at the Royal Palace archives (Slottsarkivet) which is located at the Royal Palace in Stockholm. We have partly photographed palace books that are included in the archive for Ståthållarämbetet på Stockholms slott or the Office of the Governor of the Royal Palace at Stockholm as well as some estate inventories from the Nedre Borgrätten (Lower Court of Justice) and Övre Borgrätten (Upper Court of Justice) archives.

The palace books that we have photographed reference the years 1645-1655.These volumes include, among other items, tax registers for the city of Stockholm.

stockholm tax record 1645

Tax register for Stockholm city for the year 1645. The record is included in the palace general ledger for that year. Link.

The Courts of Justice in the palace were responsible for handling all matters of justice related to the court staff. In addition, the court employees submitted their estate inventories to the palace court of justice and not to the city court. The estate inventories for the court employees who were aristocrats were submitted to the Upper Court of Justice while the other court employees’ estate inventories were submitted to the Lower Court of Justice.

clas flemingCount Clas Fleming’s estate inventory. Filed with övre borgrätten (Upper Court) in 1831. Link.

We will continue to photograph at the Royal Palace during the late summer and fall and will primarily focus on photographing the country books containing tax registers from Svartsjö county. Svartsjö county existed for about 20 years in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s and covers the area that today represents the municipality of Ekerö.

Read original blog in Swedish.

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Free Access to ArkivDigital this weekend!

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Saturday March 18, is Genealogy Day in Sweden and many of the genealogy societies, libraries and archives throughout the country are hosting exhibits and lectures.

ArkivDigital, your online digital archive with over 67 million images, will be hosting an “open house” this weekend, Saturday and Sunday, March 18-19. New users and subscribers with a Base subscription will have the opportunity to test the full All-in-one subscription during the entire weekend.

Whether you are an experienced researcher or just beginning. ArkivDigital is the resource you need. Church books, estate inventories, tax registers, military records, passenger ship manifests, Swedish American church records (primarily Kansas) and much more are available in our online library. In addition, there are searchable name registers that can help you search for your ancestors.

Take the opportunity to research your Swedish heritage and discover the wealth of records in our online archive. Invite your friends and relatives to take advantage of this free offer. Enjoy the free days!

Click here to go to the free days.

ArkivDigital

More Tax Registers in ArkivDigital

The population registers (mantalslängderna) or tax registers are one of the key sources for Swedish genealogy.  These records existed as early as the 1640’s long before household records or for that matter many other church records for most parishes. In cases where the church books have been destroyed by fire or other causes, these population registers are a treasure for the researcher.

ArkivDigital earlier (with some exceptions) photographed the two copies of population records preserved at the regional archives, namely the district/city (häradsskrivarnas/ städernas)  and the county (landskontorens) office copies, from the earliest times to 1820.

Unfortunately, there are cases where no population registers were saved at the district/city or county office. Fortunately, a third copy of the population register was created. This copy is stored at the Swedish National Archives (Riksarkivet) and is included in an archive named, Mantalslängder 1642-1820. We are happy to announce that recently we have begun to photograph records from this collection.

From the Swedish National Archives collection, so far we have only completed publishing the oldest registers for the counties of Gotland and Älvsborg but more will be added in the future. However, we wish to clarify that we will not be photographing all the volumes in the archive, Mantalslängder 1642-1820. We will focus on photographing volumes that contain population registers that are missing from the district or county office archives.
alvsborgmantal-recordThe first page in the Älvsborg’s county population register (mantalslängd) for the year 1642 (Swedish National Archives (Riksarkivet) copy). Link.

Unfortunately, the Swedish National Archives collection of population registers is not complete either. For some parishes, all three copies of the population registers were not saved and are not available for certain years. For the period 1719-1765, the archive Riksgäldarkiven Riksens ständers kontor Kammarkontoret, can function as a replacement.

In the county ledger books (länshuvudböckerna), various types of records are included among which are financial accounts but also a variety of personal records. As a replacement for the population records, the salary (lön) and fee payment (betalningsavgiften) records can be helpful. We also want to clarify that we will not be photographing all the books but only the ones that can be used as a replacement for the missing population registers.
kammarBeginning of 1737 year’s record over salary and payment fees (lön- och betalningsavgifter) for Tåstarps parish in Norra Åsbo härad (Kristianstad county). Link.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Free Access to ArkivDigital on November 14-15

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This weekend, November 14-15, we will open our digital online archive and give all new users free access to ArkivDigital. Over 57 million images or approximately 114 million photographed historical pages are accessible to all who want to test how to research with us.

This is a unique opportunity to explore Swedish historical sources; everything from church books and estate inventories to military records and court records are found in ArkivDigital. There are also prison documents, tax registers, documents from the Second World War and much more.

For those who are entirely new users or for those who haven’t used ArkivDigital in a while, this is a unique opportunity to explore or maybe rediscover the historical treasures which are available in our continually growing database.

The free days happen in connection with Archives Day which will be celebrated at many places throughout the Nordic countries. Many archives, libraries and genealogical societies will be open to the public offering lectures, exhibitions and archive tours.

Take this opportunity to take advantage of these free days!

Go to our website this weekend: www.arkivdigital.net.

Coming special offer: 1 month for 195 SEK or about 22 USD
In connection with the Archives Day, we will have a special offer on a monthly subscription for 195 SEK or about 22 USD (regular price 225 SEK or about 26 USD). The offer begins on Friday, November 13th and is valid up to and including Thursday, November 19, 2015.

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