Triplets (Trillingar)

Twins occur now and then. According to the Swedish language encyclopedia, (Nationalencyklopedin), twins account for 1 in 85 births. Triplets are considerably less common, 1 in 70,000 births. Therefore, it is rather surprising to see two sets of triplets born in the same parish with only 3 ½ months between them. This happened in the same village in Mjällyby parish in Blekinge county in the years 1731 and 1732.

On November 9, 1731 the triplets, Sissa, Åke and Lars, were born to Ingemar Larsson and Sissa Åkesdotter in Istaby. (See image below.)

november-tripletsMjällby (K) CI:1 (1723-1753) Image 31 / page 53 (AID: v96434.b31.s53, NAD: SE/LLA/13269) Link.

On February 27, 1732 the triplets, Karna, Kiersta and Berta ware born to Bengt Olsson and Anna Svensdotter in Istaby.

february-27-imageMjällby (K) CI:1 (1723-1753) Image 32 / page 55 (AID: v96434.b32.s55, NAD: SE/LLA/13269) Link.

There is a gap in the records in the death book from August 1731 to April 1732 so it is difficult to see if all the children survived. Triplets are often born prematurely and weigh less than ordinary children and at this time the prognosis for survival was not great. However, these triplets were baptized at the ordinary times and there is no notation that they received emergency baptisms.

It is likely that they died within a month after their birth. The writer has not found them in the later church books from Mjällby.

This article was written by Örjan Hedenberg for ArkivDigital and originally published in Swedish. Click here to read the article in Swedish.

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Military rolls (rullor) 1620-1723

Often in researching our Swedish ancestors, we discover an ancestor who was a cavalryman (ryttare) or soldier (soldat). Or even possibly an officer. We want to know more about our ancestor’s military life. The general muster rolls (generalmönsterrullorna) are an important source for military research. These begin in the late 1600’s and continue until the end of the 1800’s. You can find the general muster rolls in ArkivDigital by entering rullor in the search box. There you will see some earlier rolls of military records. There is an archive named “Rullor 1620-1723” In this archive, there are hundreds of volumes. So far, we have photographed the documents 1620-1659 and then some individual volumes after that. There is an ongoing project at the  Military Archives of Sweden to digitize these documents.

Below are some tips for searching in these records.

If your ancestor is an ordinary cavalryman or soldier, a little more searching is required before you find the correct source. Knowing that a cavalryman belonged to a cavalry regiment and a soldier belonged to an infantry regiment is a good start. That way you know which type of regiment to search. They are often grouped by the name of the regiment after county/province (län/landskap). If you have more information about him for example the name of his commander one can find some helps via a name register. If your ancestor was an officer, you can look for him directly in the name register (personregister).

In the series or archive “Rullor 1620-1723”, you will find 15 volumes called Personregister at the top of the volume list. If you hold your mouse over (i) or click once on the volume, you will get more information on which names are included in the volume. Let us say that we are searching for Lars Jakobsson who we know was a second lieutenant (fänrik) in the 1640’s, we will find a name register card for him.

registerlarsskooRullor 1620-1723 PersonReg:6 (1620-1699) Image 3015 (AID: v793063.b3015, NAD: SE/KrA/0022) Link.

The references point to the year and volume. In addition, we get references to other volumes where we can find more information about his military career. Thus in these records, we have a good summary of the military careers of all the Swedish military officers for most of the 1600’s. If in the upper right hand corner stands the number “1”, that means that there are more register cards for this person, something to think about.

The card shows us that Lars Jakobsson Skoo was a second lieutenant in the Åbo regiment. Since Finland was part of Sweden at this time, records for the Finnish regiments are included in this material. He changes regiments and becomes a second lieutenant in the Björnborg regiment and if one looks at the next card, we see that he becomes a lieutenant (löjtnant). References at the top are for the year 1641 and volume 12. The next step is to search in the volume list for the 12th volume in the year 1641 or volume 1641:12.

search rullor

Check in the beginning of the volume to see if there is a register of regiments and companies.  After some searching, we find the right regiment and company and even Lars Jacobsson.

larsjohansson1641Rullor 1620-1723 1641:12 (1641-1641) Image 130 / page 8 (AID: v751076.b130.s8, NAD: SE/KrA/0022) Link.

To the right of his name is written, Gamble Ryttmästaren Jacob Nilssons son, hafuer tient i Tyssland för een gemen Ryttare, under Sal: Johan Muncks Comp. (Old calvary captain Jacob Nilsson’s son, who served in Germany as a regular cavalryman, in Sal: Johan Munck’s Company).

The officers are always listed first followed by the regular soldiers. In this case, on the right side you can see a list of soldiers. If your ancestor was a private or regular soldier, this is where you would look.

Read original article in Swedish.

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Photographing of modern church books – several counties are complete

modern church bookA page out of the Junosuando congregation book for the years 1935-1945 (AIIa:4), one of the many new church book volumes which have recently been added in ArkivDigital.
Link.

At the end of January, we announced some exciting news in a blog post. The National Swedish Archives changed a decision which had previously prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935, (see previous blog entry). This opened up a long awaited opportunity for us, namely to photograph the modern church books up to and including the law of privacy limits (currently the year 1945). During the late winter, spring and summer, we have been busy photographing parish congregation books, moving in/out registers, birth, marriage and books. As a result of this work, 20 of the 25 counties are now complete.

Completed counties: Blekinge, Gotland, Gävleborg, Halland, Jämtland, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kopparberg, Kristianstad, Kronoberg, Malmöhus, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Södermanland, Värmland, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Västmanland and Örebro.

Counties with photographing in progress: Göteborg och Bohuslän, Skaraborg, Uppsala and Östergötland.

For the remaining county, Älvsborg, we will soon begin to photograph these books.

You can find more detail as to what volumes are available in ArkivDigital such as the modern church books and other types of volumes on our website, (link to website page).

We want to emphasize that that there are different privacy rules for different series which influence which volumes we can photograph. In an earlier blog, (see earlier blog) we outlined some of the privacy rules for various types of church books, (see third and fourth paragraphs).

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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English Product Catalog

product catalogArkivDigital has photographed over 61 million images of the Swedish historical records. For those who would like to see an overview of the contents of our extensive online archive, we wish to point out our product catalog. The product catalog is available both in Swedish and English. .

The product catalog is organized county by county and presents an overview of the types of documents and for what years that have been published for each county. In addition, the catalog mentions what documents are currently being photographed.

The product catalog should be viewed as a high-level overview at what is available in ArkivDigital. Even if certain documents are mentioned as being complete, individual documents might be missing such as in cases where they have been too damaged to be filmed.  In addition we have filmed many additional documents that are not listed in the catalog because it would be too extensive to include everything.

You will find the English product catalog on our English home page, www.arkivdigital.net. Click on the link “Product Catalog” on the right side of the page in order to open the catalog.

You will find the Swedish version of the product catalog as a PDF file at www.arkivdigital.se/online. Click on the link ”Produktkatalog” on the right side of the page to open the catalog.

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Gammalsvenskby’s church books now available in ArkivDigital

Gammalsvenskbys kyrkoböckeGammalsvenskby (Ukraina) (Ut) 8 (1920-1921) Image 160 / page 64 (AID: v99903.b160.s64, NAD: SE/ViLA/23094) Link.

In the Baltic Sea, west of Estonia’s mainland is the island of Dagö. There was a Swedish speaking peasant settlement on Dagö that was believed to have been founded in the 1200’s. Other Swedish settlements existed along Estonia’s coast and nearby islands. Dagö belonged to Sweden from 1563 to 1721 and was an important Swedish territory in Estonia.

Under the Treaty of Nystad in 1721, Dagö was ceded to Russia. In 1781, the Russian Empress Catherine II forced the resettlement of about 1,000 Dagö-Swedes to Ukraine. Many died during the long march but those who survived founded the community of Gammalsvenskby.

Despite nearly no contact with Sweden, the population of Gammalsvenskby preserved their traditions and Lutheran faith. They even retained the old “östsvenska” dialect. Towards the end of the 1800’s some contact with Sweden was restored and in 1885 a new Swedish church opened.

After the Russian Revolution in 1917 and a devastating famine, many Swedish colonists requested to leave the Soviet Union and return to Sweden. In 1929, 881 villagers arrived in Sweden; only a few chose to remain in Ukraine. Most of the returnees settled in Gotland.

Along with the returnees came the Gammalsvenskby’s church books. Pastor Kristofer Hoas was responsible for seeing  that these books were sent to Sweden. Up until his death in 1941, Pastor Hoas continued to send the church books to Sweden. In 1947, the archive was transferred to the county archives (today’s regional archive) in Visby, where we have recently photographed the documents.

You can find the Gammalsvenskby’s church books in ArkivDigital by entering Gammalsvenskby in the search box.

Read the original blog entry in Swedish.

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Estate Inventories (bouppteckningar) for Gotland now available through 1979


gotland estate inventoryGotlands domsaga (I) FIIa:46 (1964-1964) Image 1130 (AID: v480865.b1130, NAD: SE/ViLA/20022) Link.

Recently, estate inventories (bouppteckningar) for Gotland for the 1960’s and 1970’s were added to ArkivDigital. If you are searching for ancestors or others on Sweden’s largest island, you can now access estate inventories for Gotland up to and including the year 1979. You can find these recently added estate inventories in the Gotland domsaga archive (years up to and including 1970) and the Gotland tingsrätt archive (from 1971).

The above image shows an estate inventory from the year 1964. Many of the estate inventories were still very detailed at this time. This image gives a good picture of the furniture in the household. The most valuable items were the television (TV-apparaten) valued at 400 Swedish kronor and a kitchen table combined with a sewing machine (köksbord i kombination med elektrisk symaskin) valued at 150 Swedish kronor.

Read the original blog entry in Swedish.

Learn more about the Swedish estate inventories.

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More records for Älvdalen parish in ArkivDigital

0294-ÄlvdalenArkivDigital at the Älvdalen archive

Many parishes in Dalarna were exempt from delivering their church records to the Regional Archive in Uppsala. As late as year 2000, a large number of the church books still remained in the original parishes. However, in recent years all the parishes have delivered their church books to the regional archive except for Älvdalen parish.

A number of years ago, ArkivDigital visited Älvdalen and photographed many of the church books (household/congregation books, migration registers, and birth, marriage and death books) from the earliest times to about 1939.  At that time we also photographed a selection of other documents, including confirmation records, communion records and parish meeting protocols.

Recently, ArkivDigital again visited Älvdalen. On this visit, church records up to the current year of privacy limits, 1945, were photographed. Privacy laws are not as restrictive for the marriage records and migration registers so these records are more current. We had added migration records up to 1971 and marriage records up to 1963. In addition, we have photographed a number of church account books.

All the records we photographed on our visit to Älvdalen are now available online. The documents are mostly found in the parish archive for Älvdalen (which also includes Evertsberg), but for the period from 1918 there is a separate archive for the Åsens church books.

Read original blog in Swedish.

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61 Million Register Posts

A few weeks ago ArkivDigital reached a major milestone: 60 million newly photographed images in our online digital archive, a result of nearly 10 years of photographing. A relatively new feature for ArkivDigital is searchable name registers. Today, the number of register posts already exceeds the number of photographed images. Today, we have nearly 61 million searchable register posts divided among the following three registers:

  • Population of Sweden 1880-1920, 46.5 million posts (Sweden’s largest searchable name register!)
  • Population of Sweden 1950, 7 million posts
  • Population of Sweden 1960, 7.5 million posts

The Population of Sweden 1950 is available for all subscribers. The Population of Swedish 1880-1920 and the Population of Sweden 1960 are available to subscribers who have an All-in-one subscription. You can find more information about these registers in the following previous blog entries:

These three registers are only a beginning; more will be added in the future.

population of sweden name searchSearching in the Population of Swedish 1880-1920 Index example

Read the original blog entry in Swedish.

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Exciting news: Year’s Entrepreneur and Annual Meeting

rets_foretagare_jpg
May has been a busy and exciting month for ArkivDigital. On May 12th  ArkivDigital  was recognized as the Entrepreneur of the Year at the Industry Gala (Näringslivsgalan) in Mariestad. Then on May 19th, the annual shareholders’ meeting was held at the company headquarters in Lyrestad.

Year’s Entrepreneur  (Årets Företagare)
On May 12, 2016, Mikael Karlsson, managing director of ArkivDigital, was honored to receive the Entrepreneur of the Year prize at the Industry Gala (Näringslivsgalan) in Mariestad. Mikael Karlsson said, “We have worked hard for many years and it is wonderful to be recognized with this special honor.” In his acceptance remarks, he thanked his employees, investors and customers.

Björn Mossberg, chairman of the Business Owners Association (företagarna) in Mariestad, stated that the directors on the board looked at profitability and development among other criteria when they selected the year’s entrepreneur. The justification for the prize reads, “An innovative entrepreneur in our time, who with current technology makes the past accessible in the future.”

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital’s Annual Shareholders’ Meeting

company meetingImage: From ArkivDigital’s Annual Shareholders’ Meeting, May 19, 2016

On Thursday, May 19th, ArkivDigital’s annual shareholders’ meeting was held at the company headquarters in Lyrestad, Sweden. The number of shareholders who attended the meeting represented nearly 70% of the outstanding shares.

All board members, Jan Aronson (Chairman of the Board), Paul Johansson and Häkan Skogsjö were reelected. Jonas Backlund was appointed as a substitute board member.

All the financial numbers for 2015 pointed in the right direction. Net sales increased by 16 percent to nearly 24 million Swedish kronor. Profits were nearly 2.9 million Swedish kronor, an improvement of 2.4 million compared with the previous year. The number of subscribers increased 5 percent to nearly 26,000.

Mikael Karlsson, managing director of ArkivDigital, highlighted the most recent developments at the board meeting. The All-in-one subscription, launched in early April, has already become very popular and the number of subscribers is nearly 7,000. The subscribers who have chosen to subscribe or upgrade to the All-in-one subscription have access to our two latest name searchable indexes: Population of Sweden 1880-1920 and Population of Sweden 1960. New registers of various types will be added to the All-in-one subscription in the future.

Along with index development, the company has continued to focus on photographing new records at a record pace. During 2015, nearly 7 million images were added to the database and at the end of the year more than 57 million images were in the online digital archive. Around the end of April and beginning May 2016, ArkivDigital reached another major milestone: 60 million images!

 Read original article in Swedish.

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Spies in Stockholm during the 1940’s

 

spies in Stockholm
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 550 / page 1 (AID: v788124.b550.s1, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

There is often a strange mystique around certain cities such as Casablanca, Istanbul, and Lisbon. Maybe this is because of the roll they played during the Second World War: neutral places where spies, diplomats and others from warring counties could meet in secret.

Further north one finds another such city: Stockholm. Many persons were drawn here also during the war to meet discreetly at restaurants and in parks.  Microfilms were hidden in the heels of shoes. Envelopes were discreetly exchanged. The Swedish intelligence service was under much pressure to keep up with all these covert activities.

For those who are fascinated by this exciting period of history, you can now find the espionage court protocols (Avdelningen för spionmål)) from the Stockholm city court for the years 1939 to 1946 in ArkivDigital. To find these records, enter “spion” in the search box.  One can find notes such as these in the records as shown in the above image.

Måndagen den 30 november 1942 klockan 18.50 blev svenske medborgaren f.d. direktören John Helge Walter anhållen på Vasagatan utanför hotell Continentel … enär det konstaterats, att direktör Walter vid upprepade tillfällen besökt brittiske marinattachén, captain Henry Denham, i dennes bostad n:r 46 Riddargatan.”

On Monday, the 30th of November 1942 at 6:50 in the evening, Swedish citizen Director John Helge Walter was taken into custody on Vasagatan outside the Hotel Continental…. since it had been established that Director Walter had repeatedly visited the British naval captain, Henry Denhem at his residence, 46 Riddargatan.”

As one reads further one discovers that Director Walter was searched at the station and 20,000 Swedish kronor in cash was found in one of his pant pockets plus more cash in his briefcase. In his wallet two typed questionnaires in English were found. The image below shows some of the English questions.

2nd spy document
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 560 / page 2 (AID: v788124.b560.s2, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital