Getting Started in the Swedish Church Books

Are you new to Swedish research? Swedish research is extremely rewarding because there are so many types of records and they are very complete. But before you begin, you must know your Swedish ancestor’s Swedish name, place or parish of origin in Sweden and a significant date such as a birth date. If all you know is that your Swedish ancestor’s name is Charles Johnson, you have a little more work to do before you jump the pond. For information on how to search for more details about your Swedish ancestor, click here.

But, let us say you are now successful and have discovered that your ancestor’s Swedish name was Carl Johan Johansson and he was born in Habo parish in Skaraborg county on the 10th of February 1819, you are ready to jump the pond and research in the Swedish records. Today, we will walk you through the steps for searching for Carl’s birth record and the corresponding household record in ArkivDigital.

We enter the application: app.arkivdigital.se and then select New Archive search. Since we know the name of the parish, we can enter, Habo, in the search box and the archive box for Habo will appear.

search habo

Click on Habo and you will see a list of all the volumes that are available for this parish. In this case, there are 122 volumes. Search for a birth book that includes the year 1819.

search habo birth book

You will see that there are two birth books that contain births for the year 1819:  C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820 and C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827. When one sees two books that cover the same period, it is always good to look at both books. They can often contain different information.

By looking further at book C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820, we see that that there is a circle with an “i” before the words birth and christening records. This means information and if you put your mouse over the “i”, you will see the notation, “register till födelseböckerna” or register to the birth books.

hove birth register

When we look at this book, we see it is an index organized by first given name and then birth year. Note -you will not encounter this type of birth index in many parishes. But remember before the mid 1800’s, the information can vary by time and minister.

In browsing this book, we will find a page for Carl’s and you will find the information for Carl Johan in the section for Carl’s born in the year 1819.

carl birth index recordHabo (F, R) C:10 (1801-1820) Image 16 / Page 25 (AID: v34105.b16.s25, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The information shown in the above index record includes:

  1. Second given name – Joh. or abbreviation for Johan
  2. Parents’ first names: Johan, Katrina
  3. Residence in parish – Sållarhemmet (line above the letter m represents a double m).
  4. Year – 19 or 1819
  5. Day of month – 10
  6. Month – 2 or February

The book C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827 contains the actual birth records. It is always good to look in the front of the book and check for a table of contents. There may be multiple types of records in the volume and the table of contents will show on what pages the various types of records begin. In this case there is not a table of contents and the births are arranged in chronological order. Open the book and look for birth records for the year 1819 and then the month, February, and then the day, the 10th. Below is the birth record for Carl Johan.

carl johan birth recordHabo (F, R) C:11 (1801-1827) Image 109 / Page 213 (AID: v34106.b109.s213, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The record contents are:

  1. Birth date – 10 (February 10, 1819)
  2. Baptismal date – 11 (February 11, 1819)
  3. Child’s given name – Carl Johan
  4. Parents’ names – Johannes Larsson and Kathrina Andersdotter
  5. Residence in parish – Sållarehemmet
  6. Baptismal witnesses – And. Carlsson och (and) D. H. dess hustru or his wife Stina at Skogshemmet
  7. Mother’s age – Between 25 and 30

The next step is to find out more information about the family by going to the household book that includes the year 1819. Now we return to the Habo archive and search for the household book that contains the year 1819. We find the book, AI:4 Household records 1814-1820.

search habo household book

The household books are organized by place name. In most household books you will find a place name index in the front or back of the book. Open the book and search for a place name index or ortregister. Then look for Carl Johan’s residence, Sållarehemmet, in the place name index.

habo place name indexHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 5 (AID: v20176.b5, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The place name index states that the records for the place, Sållarehemmet, begin on page 206. Now there may be one page for the place or many pages, but the page number shown in the index is the start page for the search for the family. We now go to page 206.

hova household recordHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 110 / Page 207 (AID: v20176.b110.s207, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

In this case we find the family on page 206. Below is the information that is shown for the family:

  • (Father) äg. (abbreviation for ägare) owner or landowner Johannes Larsson born on the 6th of May 1782 in Loco Loco is a Latin term meaning here or in Habo parish. Note – further research will show that the birth date is incorrect and is actually the 15th of May 1782.
  • (Mother) H. (abbreviation for hustru or wife) Catharina Andersdotter born on the 6th of May 1790 at loco or in the parish of Habo.
  • Son Anders born 9th of May 1813 loco or in Habo. There is also a notation that he has died.
  • Son Gabriel born on the 23rd of April 1816 loco or in Habo. There is a notation that he died in 1817.
  • Flicka (Girl) Stina Svensdotter born on the 15th of October 1803 in Ekebo. There is a notation that she moved here in 1816 from Ekereds torp and moved out in 1817 to V. Ekered. More research is required to check to see if she is just a worker or if she has some relationship to the family.
  • (Son) Carl Johan born on the 10th of February 1819 in loco or Habo.

Since there are no notations that the family has moved in or out, we can assume that the family is living at the same place, Sållarehemmet, in the subsequent household book. We can continue to trace Carl forward in the household books until his emigration.

Also, from this record, we have enough information, that we can look for birth records for other members of the household. Also, please note that sometimes the minister will note the incorrect birth date information in the household record such as was the case for the father, Johannes Larsson. If there is a discrepancy between the birth dates in the birth record or household record, you should always use the information shown in the birth record.

For more information about researching in the church books, go to the following links:

ArkivDigital

Skånska Documents from the Danish Period

Skåne’s Genealogical Society (Skånes Genealogiska Förbund abbreviated SGF) was established in 1937. In the beginning most of the research was focused on the nobility, the church ministers and the bourgeois. A greater interest in genealogy developed in the 1950’s and 1960’s when the Swedish church books were microfilmed. In the 1970’s and 1980’s, one was able to borrow microfilms from other parts of the country. But in Skåne if one wanted to research before 1658, (the time before Skåne was part of Sweden), one had to travel to Copenhagen where some documents were available at the Danish National Archives (Rigsarkivet). During the 1980s, the board of SGF repeatedly held discussions about the possibility of establishing a society archive. The thought was to acquire copies of important and difficult to access Skånska archival documents. These thoughts became reality in 1980 when a monetary grant was received to make photocopies of documents concerning Skåne that were preserved in the Danish National Archives. In addition, a number of documents stored at the Swedish National Archives were also copied.

skane documents

Link to record.

Approximately 20,000 paper copies were copied and also some documents in Stockholm that were not available in Skåne formed the SGF archive. This archive was created before the age of digitization. A catalog was created in book form listing the archive contents so that copies of these documents could be ordered.

A few years ago, the Skåne Genealogical Society changed their Swedish name from Skånes Genealogiska Förbund to Skånes Släktforskarförbund (abbreviated SkSF) and changed the archive name to SkSF archive. At the Skåne Genealogical’s Society’s meeting in 2016 a motion was made to digitize these materials and ArkivDigital was asked if they would scan the paper copies and make them available.

land book denmark1604 Land register from Asmundtorp. AID:v880266.b270.s27

The material consists mostly of tax registers and land registers from the 1500’s and 1600’s but there are also other documents. In 1676, Denmark occupied parts of Skåne and quickly created tax registers for those parts of Sweden that they took back. There were even rolls listing the friskytta (fighters) who fought for the Danish king.

skane muster roll

Muster roll for Captain Eskils Nielsen’s company friskyttar, mustered in Helsingborg on July 10,1679. AID:v880383.b630.s63

To access the material (note these are scanned paper copies and not photographs of the original documents), search for Skånes Släktforskarförbund archive. Keep in mind that the county division was different during the Danish time. For example. there were both Helsingborg and Landskrona counties, as well as some smaller counties. A register of parishes and towns is in the process of being prepared to facilitate searching.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Swedish Estate Inventory (Bouppteckning) Tutorials and Blogs

Estate Inventory Karl Johan ÖgrenAska, Dals och Bobergs domsaga FII:2 (1909-1909) Image 140 / page 3 (AID: v513944.b140.s3, NAD: SE/VALA/01625) (Link)

The Swedish Church Books are a gold mine for the Swedish genealogist providing a wealth of information and are usually the first source to use when researching one’s Swedish heritage. But there are many additional types of records that can help in researching one’s ancestor and gaining a better understanding of how one’s ancestor lived. One very wonderful resource is the bouppteckning or the estate inventory.

Today, we would like to provide a summary of our English tutorials and blogs providing tips on how to get started and researching in the estate inventories as well as the certificates of poverty in Stockholm.

  • Introduction to Swedish estate inventory research
    https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/swedish-estate-inventories (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/estate-inventory-bouppteckning-reading-example (Link)
  • Tips for finding an estate inventory register in an estate inventory volume
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/tips-for-finding-an-estate-inventory-register-in-an-estate-inventory-volume (Link)
  • Solving a genealogical mystery using an estate inventory
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/where-did-klara-settle-in-north-america (Link)
  • Browsing in the estate inventories
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/the-daughters-dowries (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/burial-costs (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/estate-inventory-more-than-300-pages (Link)
  • Introduction to the certificates of poverty in Stockholm
    https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/fattigbevis (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/certificate-of-poverty-fattigbevis-in-stockholm-city (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/introduction-to-the-certificate-of-poverty-fattigbevis (Link)

ArkivDigital

Abbreviations in the Swedish Church Books

The Swedish church books are wonderful records. Most of the time, one can follow one’s ancestor from birth to emigration or death in the church books using a combination of the vital records (birth, marriage and death), household/congregation books and sometimes the moving records.

At conferences and presentations, we receive many questions about researching in the church books and some will ask about abbreviations they have encountered in their research. One common question is what do the abbreviations “GB” and “NB” mean?

  • GB is the abbreviation for gamla bok or old book.
  • NB is the abbreviation for nya bok or new book.

Often in the household books/congregation books in the latter nineteenth century and twentieth century you will see these abbreviations in the moving in and moving out columns. In the record shown below, you see the abbreviation “GB 124” in the moving in column (Hitflyttad) and the abbreviation “NB 166” in the moving out column (Bortflyttad) for Anders Johansson and his family who are living at Torpet Stubben in Barkeryd parish in Jönköping county. This record is in the household book for Barkeryd parish for the years 1891-1899.

GB and NB exampleBarkeryd (F) AI:25 (1891-1899) Image 226 / page 212 (AID: v18935.b226.s212, NAD: SE/VALA/00025) (Link)

In this case, the abbreviation “GB 124” is stating that we can find the family in the previous household book on page 124 or in the household book Barkeryd (F) AI:24(1885-1890) on page 124 as shown in the image below.

previous GB exampleBarkeryd (F) AI:24 (1885-1890) Image 136 / page 124 (AID: v18934.b136.s124, NAD: SE/VALA/00025) (Link)

The abbreviation “NB 166” is stating that we can find the family in the subsequent household book on page 166 or in the book Barkeryd (F) AIIa:1 (1900-1905) on page 166 as shown in the image below.

second NB exampleBarkeryd (F) AIIa:1 (1900-1905) Image 176 / page 166 (AID: v168900.b176.s166, NAD: SE/VALA/00025) (Link)

ArkivDigital

ArkivDigital Visits Iowa

stor-logo-600x452px-namn-och-symbol transparent

The Iowa Genealogical Society will be sponsoring a Swedish Day in Des Moines, Iowa, on Saturday, November 14th.  Kathy Meade of ArkivDigital will be giving three presentations:

  • Have Swedish Roots and don’t know how to get started?
  • Using Swedish Church Records – A Case Study using ArkivDigital
  • More Swedish Records online with ArkivDigital

This will be a great opportunity to learn how to research your Swedish roots using ArkivDigital as well as discovering the wealth of records in ArkivDigital’s online library. Tips will be given both for the beginner and advanced researcher.

For more information and registration, click here.

ArkivDigital