Latin Column Headings in a Marriage Record

While most of the column headings in the Swedish church books are in Swedish, occasionally you will find some with Latin headings or a combination of Latin and Swedish. Today, we will look at a marriage record with Latin column headings.

Below is an image for a marriage record for 1780 out of Fröjered parish in Skaraborg county.

latin headingsFröjered (R) E:1 (1769-1854) Image 15 / Page 19 (AID: v26939.b15.s19, NAD: SE/GLA/13134)

The Latin column headings are:

  1. Dies – day
  2. Ind. (indicationis) – Banns
  3. Cop. (Copulatus) – Marriage
  4. Sponsus et Sponsa – Groom and bride
  5. Aetus - Age
  6. Conditio et domicilium – Occupation and residence
  7. Dos – Morning gift
  8. Nomina Parentum – Names of Parents

The contents of this marriage record are the following:

  1. Banns of marriage – October1, October 8 and October 15
  2. Marriage date – November 5
  3. Names of groom and bride –Gabriel Arvidsson and Stina Jonsdotter
  4. Ages of bridal couple – Groom 30 years, bride 27 years
  5. Groom’s occupation and residence – Farmer at L. Hamrum
  6. Morning gift from groom to bride – 20 lod silver
  7. Names of parents – Groom’s parents – Arvid Nilsson and Bengta Jansdotter; Bride’s parents – Jonas Andersson and Lena Carlsdotter

Swedish words found in record:

  • Bonde – farmer
  • Dr. (dräng) bachelor, farmhand
  • Pig. (piga) maid
  • På – at
  • Sammanvigde – married
  • Uti – Out of
  • År – year

Click on the following links to see more examples of marriage records:

ArkivDigital

Getting Started in the Swedish Church Books

Are you new to Swedish research? Swedish research is extremely rewarding because there are so many types of records and they are very complete. But before you begin, you must know your Swedish ancestor’s Swedish name, place or parish of origin in Sweden and a significant date such as a birth date. If all you know is that your Swedish ancestor’s name is Charles Johnson, you have a little more work to do before you jump the pond. For information on how to search for more details about your Swedish ancestor, click here.

But, let us say you are now successful and have discovered that your ancestor’s Swedish name was Carl Johan Johansson and he was born in Habo parish in Skaraborg county on the 10th of February 1819, you are ready to jump the pond and research in the Swedish records. Today, we will walk you through the steps for searching for Carl’s birth record and the corresponding household record in ArkivDigital.

We enter the application: app.arkivdigital.se and then select New Archive search. Since we know the name of the parish, we can enter, Habo, in the search box and the archive box for Habo will appear.

search habo

Click on Habo and you will see a list of all the volumes that are available for this parish. In this case, there are 122 volumes. Search for a birth book that includes the year 1819.

search habo birth book

You will see that there are two birth books that contain births for the year 1819:  C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820 and C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827. When one sees two books that cover the same period, it is always good to look at both books. They can often contain different information.

By looking further at book C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820, we see that that there is a circle with an “i” before the words birth and christening records. This means information and if you put your mouse over the “i”, you will see the notation, “register till födelseböckerna” or register to the birth books.

hove birth register

When we look at this book, we see it is an index organized by first given name and then birth year. Note -you will not encounter this type of birth index in many parishes. But remember before the mid 1800’s, the information can vary by time and minister.

In browsing this book, we will find a page for Carl’s and you will find the information for Carl Johan in the section for Carl’s born in the year 1819.

carl birth index recordHabo (F, R) C:10 (1801-1820) Image 16 / Page 25 (AID: v34105.b16.s25, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The information shown in the above index record includes:

  1. Second given name – Joh. or abbreviation for Johan
  2. Parents’ first names: Johan, Katrina
  3. Residence in parish – Sållarhemmet (line above the letter m represents a double m).
  4. Year – 19 or 1819
  5. Day of month – 10
  6. Month – 2 or February

The book C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827 contains the actual birth records. It is always good to look in the front of the book and check for a table of contents. There may be multiple types of records in the volume and the table of contents will show on what pages the various types of records begin. In this case there is not a table of contents and the births are arranged in chronological order. Open the book and look for birth records for the year 1819 and then the month, February, and then the day, the 10th. Below is the birth record for Carl Johan.

carl johan birth recordHabo (F, R) C:11 (1801-1827) Image 109 / Page 213 (AID: v34106.b109.s213, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The record contents are:

  1. Birth date – 10 (February 10, 1819)
  2. Baptismal date – 11 (February 11, 1819)
  3. Child’s given name – Carl Johan
  4. Parents’ names – Johannes Larsson and Kathrina Andersdotter
  5. Residence in parish – Sållarehemmet
  6. Baptismal witnesses – And. Carlsson och (and) D. H. dess hustru or his wife Stina at Skogshemmet
  7. Mother’s age – Between 25 and 30

The next step is to find out more information about the family by going to the household book that includes the year 1819. Now we return to the Habo archive and search for the household book that contains the year 1819. We find the book, AI:4 Household records 1814-1820.

search habo household book

The household books are organized by place name. In most household books you will find a place name index in the front or back of the book. Open the book and search for a place name index or ortregister. Then look for Carl Johan’s residence, Sållarehemmet, in the place name index.

habo place name indexHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 5 (AID: v20176.b5, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The place name index states that the records for the place, Sållarehemmet, begin on page 206. Now there may be one page for the place or many pages, but the page number shown in the index is the start page for the search for the family. We now go to page 206.

hova household recordHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 110 / Page 207 (AID: v20176.b110.s207, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

In this case we find the family on page 206. Below is the information that is shown for the family:

  • (Father) äg. (abbreviation for ägare) owner or landowner Johannes Larsson born on the 6th of May 1782 in Loco Loco is a Latin term meaning here or in Habo parish. Note – further research will show that the birth date is incorrect and is actually the 15th of May 1782.
  • (Mother) H. (abbreviation for hustru or wife) Catharina Andersdotter born on the 6th of May 1790 at loco or in the parish of Habo.
  • Son Anders born 9th of May 1813 loco or in Habo. There is also a notation that he has died.
  • Son Gabriel born on the 23rd of April 1816 loco or in Habo. There is a notation that he died in 1817.
  • Flicka (Girl) Stina Svensdotter born on the 15th of October 1803 in Ekebo. There is a notation that she moved here in 1816 from Ekereds torp and moved out in 1817 to V. Ekered. More research is required to check to see if she is just a worker or if she has some relationship to the family.
  • (Son) Carl Johan born on the 10th of February 1819 in loco or Habo.

Since there are no notations that the family has moved in or out, we can assume that the family is living at the same place, Sållarehemmet, in the subsequent household book. We can continue to trace Carl forward in the household books until his emigration.

Also, from this record, we have enough information, that we can look for birth records for other members of the household. Also, please note that sometimes the minister will note the incorrect birth date information in the household record such as was the case for the father, Johannes Larsson. If there is a discrepancy between the birth dates in the birth record or household record, you should always use the information shown in the birth record.

For more information about researching in the church books, go to the following links:

ArkivDigital

Using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 to discover where Hilda moved to!

Within the household and congregation records, there is an entry showing where a person moved to if the person moved during the period the household/congregation books cover.  The information that is normally shown is the place and a date or sometimes there is a reference to another page number and date within the same household book.  However, many times the minister will note an abbreviation that is not easily understood and one must take some time to discover where the person has moved. In the image below, it states that Hilda Joseph. (Josephina). Hjorth born on the 20th of May 1833 moved from Önumstorp in Önum parish in Skaraborg county to V. 41 in 1871.  What does “V. 41” mean?

onum hflÖnum (R) AI:9 (1867-1881) Image 148 / page 142 (AID: v12796.b148.s142, NAD: SE/GLA/13674) Link.

There are two methods for discovering what “V. 41″ means: using traditional methods of deciphering the meaning or using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930.

Now, while the reference to a page number is not usually the letter V, one might go to page 41 in the same household book to see if she is listed there and if one goes there, Hilda will not be found.

The next step is to determine if the parish, Önum, belongs to a pastorat. See previous blog for more information about a pastorat. 

You can check if Önum belongs to a pastorat by accessing ArkivDigital, selecting new archive search, entering Önum in the search box and search. Open the archive for Önum parish and click on the archive info tab. There you will get information about what pastorat Önum belongs to. See the image below.

onum archive info

You will note the following information in the archive info box: Före den 1 maj 1920 var Önum annexförsamling i Skarstads, Hällums, Vara och Önums pastorat or before the 1st of May 1920, Önum was an annex parish in the Skarstads, Hällums, Vara and Önums pastorat.

This information gives us a clue that “V”. might mean Vara and 41 the page number in the Vara household book that includes the year 1871. Our next step is go to archive search and, enter Vara in the search box and click search.

vara search

Search for a household book that includes the year 1871 which is AI:7 that covers the years 1867-1878 and open the volume and go to page 41.

varahfl41Vara (R) AI:7 (1867-1878) Image 46 / page 41 (AID: v12751.b46.s41, NAD: SE/GLA/13611) Link.

In the above image you will see a reference that Hilda has moved in from “Ö 142” or Önum parish on page 142. In this case, the minister is abbreviating Önum. This minister often abbreviates the parish names of parishes within the pastorat by showing only the first letter of the parish name.

Search using the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 Search Index
The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index makes Swedish research so much easier. For this same case, we can go to New index search, select the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 index, enter Hilda and her birth date 18330520 in the search box, and click search. We receive 7 matches that we can analyze. (There are other ways of searching such as using the advanced search method or using various search criteria,) We see one household record is in Vara. We can quickly link on the match and then link on the image to verify the information. Thus, we quickly know that “V. 41” means Vara page 41. Of course, we have to verify that all the information agrees and this is right Hilda. This one is correct.

1860 Vara search

This is an example how Swedish research is becoming much easier and quicker using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index.

ArkivDigital

Adventure Skaraborg

skaraborg2018

Do your Swedish ancestors come from Skaraborg county or the surrounding region? If so, you may wish to take this opportunity to participate in a customized genealogy trip to Sweden: Adventure Skaraborg – August 27 to September 5, 2018.

This customized travel package offers participants the possibility to walk in their ancestor’s footsteps, visit where their ancestors lived and maybe even meet living relatives. The trip is customized for each individual who participates in the trip.

The exclusive travel package includes:

  • Customized travel itinerary and a personal genealogist
  • Visits to historical and cultural sites
  • Travel itinerary includes one day in Gothenburg, five days in Skaraborg County and four days in Stockholm.
  • Cost is $4000 and includes hotels (double room, additional price for single room), travel insurance, a local genealogy researcher, transportation in Sweden and more. Airfare is not included. Roundtrip airfare between Sweden and Chicago O’Hare is approximately $1,000.

Genealogists specializing in the Skaraborg area will communicate with trip participants prior to their travels in helping them discover more about their Swedish roots. The participant doesn’t need to have any genealogical research skills.

For more details about Adventure Skaraborg, click here.

If you are interested in participating in this trip or wish more information, the primary contact is Annelie Jonsson and her email is tagesdotter@gmail.com. The second contact is Linnea Bengtsson, International Business Developer for Skaraborg County. She is based in Rockford, Illinois and her email is: linnea.bengtsson@lidkoping.se.

About Skaraborg
The County of Skaraborg is situated between the two great lakes Vänern and Vättern with good travel connections to Stockholm and Gothenburg. The municipalities within the County of Skaraborg are: Essunga, Falköping, Grästorp, Gullspång, Götene, Hjo, Karlsborg, Lidköping, Mariestad, Skara, Skövde, Tibro, Tidaholm, Töreboda and Vara.

 ArkivDigital

Genealogy Trip to Sweden

roots2017[1]

Do your Swedish ancestors come from Skaraborg county or the surrounding region? If so, you may wish to take this opportunity to participate in a customized genealogy trip to Sweden.

The Skaraborg municipality federation along with the municipalities of Skara, Falköping and Tidaholm are sponsoring a wonderful genealogy trip where you can see and discover more about your ancestor’s life in Sweden. The dates for the tour have not yet been finalized but the plans are for a 7 to 10 day visit between August 26 and September 10, 2017.

The exclusive travel package includes:

  • Customized travel itinerary and your own genealogist.
  • 7 to 10 days between August 26 and September 10, 2017.
  • Travel itinerary includes two days in Stockholm and 3 to 5 days in the county of Skaraborg.
  • Visits to historical and cultural sites.
  • Trip is limited to 16 persons, first come first serve. Lindstrom Travel (Rockford, Il) will handle the bookings.
  • Approximate cost is $4000 including roundtrip airfare between Chicago O’Hare and Stockholm, Sweden, housing and transportation in Sweden and the costs for your genealogy researcher.

Genealogists specializing in the Skaraborg area have been identified to work with the trip participants in helping them discovering more about their family roots. Communication between the genealogist and the trip participant will begin prior to the trip.

If you are interested, please respond your interest to Linnea Bengtsson, International Business Developer for the County of Skaraborg at linnea.bengtsson@lidkoping.se or call her at the Rockford, Illinois number: 815 985 3895. Linnea is stationed in Rockford.

Click here for more information about the Lidköping, Skaraborg & Rockford, Madison Industrial Partnership.

About Skaraborg
The County of Skaraborg is situated between the two great lakes Vänern and Vättern with good travel connections to Stockholm and Gothenburg. The municipalities within the County of Skaraborg are: Essunga, Falköping, Grästorp, Gullspång, Götene, Hjo, Karlsborg, Lidköping, Mariestad, Skara, Skövde, Tibro, Tidaholm, Töreboda and Vara.

ArkivDigital

Information sources in the ArkivDigital program

In the ArkivDigital program, there are information boxes that can help you in your search for records. Here are examples of a few.

When one enters a name of a parish archive or other name in the search box in the archive search form, the search results will appear on the right side. When you click on the desired parish, the row is highlighted in gray.

forshem search

Once you click on the selected parish, the volume list for the parish appears on the right side.

interface explanations

Below are explanations of parts of the search form numbered 1 to 4.

  1. Here you see what was typed in the search box (Forsh), which brought up four hits including the desired parish. Forshem is the third one in the list.
  2. You can open and close the search form by clicking on the magnifying glass.
  3. Click on “Archive info” and you will get more information about the archive.

nad box

  1. (A) Information on which county the parish is in. In this case Forshem is in Skaraborg county.
  2.  (B) Link to NAD or the National Archive Database at the National Archives. There is an abbreviation for the actual regional archive. (GLA = Göteborg Regional Archive). By clicking on the link, your browser will direct you to the regional archive where you can find a list of the physical volumes that exist in the archive.
  3. (C) Information about the organization of the parish. In this case, it states that since January 1, 1962, Forshem is the mother parish in the Forshem, Fullösa, Medelplana, Västerplana, Österplana och Kestad parishes’ pastorat. Up to December 31, 1961, Forshem was the mother parish in the Forshem, Kinne-Vedum och Fullösa parishes’ pastorat. You can more information about mother parishes and annex parishes in a previously published blog. Go to the blog.
  4. (D)Stift is the name of the diocese that the parish belongs to. In this case the diocese is Skara. Härad or district is the name of the district that the parish belongs to. In this case, the district is Kinne. The district is important to know when you are searching for the district tax registers.

In this box, you can also find other information about the archive. As an example, you may see a note that the records were partially destroyed by fire.

4. The symbol “i” indicates that there is more information on the volume. Hold the cursor over the “i” and a box with more information will appear.

information box

You can see the same information by clicking once on the volume that has an “i”. The list of the volumes moves to the left and the information is shown on the right. There is also a button to click on to open the volume.

information box 2

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Photographing of modern church books – several counties are complete

modern church bookA page out of the Junosuando congregation book for the years 1935-1945 (AIIa:4), one of the many new church book volumes which have recently been added in ArkivDigital.
Link.

At the end of January, we announced some exciting news in a blog post. The National Swedish Archives changed a decision which had previously prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935, (see previous blog entry). This opened up a long awaited opportunity for us, namely to photograph the modern church books up to and including the law of privacy limits (currently the year 1945). During the late winter, spring and summer, we have been busy photographing parish congregation books, moving in/out registers, birth, marriage and books. As a result of this work, 20 of the 25 counties are now complete.

Completed counties: Blekinge, Gotland, Gävleborg, Halland, Jämtland, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kopparberg, Kristianstad, Kronoberg, Malmöhus, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Södermanland, Värmland, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Västmanland and Örebro.

Counties with photographing in progress: Göteborg och Bohuslän, Skaraborg, Uppsala and Östergötland.

For the remaining county, Älvsborg, we will soon begin to photograph these books.

You can find more detail as to what volumes are available in ArkivDigital such as the modern church books and other types of volumes on our website, (link to website page).

We want to emphasize that that there are different privacy rules for different series which influence which volumes we can photograph. In an earlier blog, (see earlier blog) we outlined some of the privacy rules for various types of church books, (see third and fourth paragraphs).

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Name Registers in Parish Archives

borasregister

In a previous blog entry, we pointed out name registers (släktnamnsregister) in ArkivDigital for those who research in Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg, Älvsborg, Värmland or Västernorrland counties. If one is searching for a person who has a non-patronymic name meaning a name that does not end with a “son” or “dotter”, these registers can be very helpful. Examples of groups of people who had a non-patronymic name were the nobility, priests and not least the many soldiers.

However, you will also find name registers for parish books in some parish archives which also include both patronymic and non-patronymic names. Whenever you research a parish, it is always recommended to browse the archive to see what types of volumes are included in the archive. Occasionally, you will see “register” or “personregister” volumes. For example, if you browse the Borås parish/congregation archive in Älvsborg county, you will see name registers for birth, marriage, death and household records. In this parish, there are name registers for the household records between 1745 and 1860 as shown in the above image. These can be very helpful in the search process.

Below is an example of a page from the household record register book for Borås for the years 1745 – 1754. To the right of the person is the page number where you can find the person in the household record book for the years 1745-1754.

household register imageBorås (P) HFReg:1 (1745-1754) Image 74 / page 70 (AID: v188594.b74.s70, NAD: SE/GLA/13048) Link.

Examples of a few other parish archives where you will find name registers for church books are:

  • Gävle Heliga Trefaldighet – Gävleborg
  • Göteborgs Karl Johan – Göteborg och Bohus
  • Göteborgs Kristine – Göteborg och Bohus
  • Uppsala domkyrkoförsamling – Uppsala

ArkivDigital

Saltpeter Collector (Salpetersjudare) Important job for manufacturing gunpowder

saltpeter1Krigskollegium Artilleridepartementet F2a:2 (1764-1804) Image 212 (AID: v50440.b212, NAD: SE/KrA/0003) Link.

Occasionally at conferences in North America, a customer has asked,” I have an ancestor who was a salpetersjudare?  What is that occupation?” It is a saltpeter collector or sometimes referred to as saltpeter maker.

As the Swedish army increasingly used rifles and cannons, there was a great need for gunpowder. Gunpowder consisted of 75% saltpeter. Large concentrations of saltpeter were found in the soil under farm buildings and stables. Since saltpeter was so important in the production of gunpowder, it came to be that the soil under many farm buildings was declared to be royal property. In the beginning the farmers collected and delivered the saltpeter themselves, but soon a new profession was created, saltpeter collectors.

The saltpeter collectors traveled around to the farms and dug up the floors of the barns or stables and collected the soil and then boiled and seethed it for about six or seven days. Then the pure saltpeter was transported to the gunpowder factory where gunpowder was produced.

In the series Krigskollegium Artilleridepartementet, there are three volumes with muster rolls for the saltpeter collectors or makers (salpetersjudarna) from 1693 – 1805. These muster rolls are organized in the same way as the ones for cavalrymen and soldiers.

To search for these archives enter the search words: Krigskollegium Artilleridepartementet in the search box.

The image at the top of the page is the muster roll for the saltpeter collectors of Skåne and Blekinge counties. The mustering was held on the 29th of April 1778.

salpeter2Krigskollegium Artilleridepartementet F2a:1 (1693-1757) Image 92 (AID: v50439.b92, NAD: SE/KrA/0003) Link.

Sometimes you will find more information about a person who was a saltpeter collector. In the above image you see in the third row Anders Erichsson from Lerdala parish in Skaraborg county. He was born in 1699 and became a saltpeter collector in 1721. On the right side there is a note giving more information about him.

Siuk af et hug i wänstra knäet och bewitnades af des Cammerater at wara oduglig. Recommenderas till afskied, medan han och intet kunnat giöra något arbete för åhr 1726.

Disabled by a stab in the left knee and testimony by his comrades stated that he was unfit. Recommended for discharge, meanwhile he wasn’t able to work in 1726.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar) Status Update

estateinventoryupdateOctober
Göteborgs rådhusrätt och magistrat. Första avdelningen efter 1901. EIIIa:150 (1930-1930) Image 500 / page 547 (AID: v562001.b500.s547, NAD: SE/GLA/14055) Link.

After the church books, the estate inventories (bouppteckningar), are probably the most valuable source for many genealogists.  The estate inventories provide genealogical information as well as help one gain a better understanding of one’s ancestor’s life. The estate inventory details the assets and debts of the deceased person’s estate.

For some time now, the estate inventories from earliest times to 1900 have been available in ArkivDigital’s online library.  The one exception has been Jämtland county where the records between 1861 and 1900 have not been added. However, we will be adding these records in the near future.

For the period 1901-1960, we have reached different milestones in various parts of the country.  Below is a summary of what estate inventories are now available by county followed by a summary of the volumes we are currently photographing. There may be single copies missing in each county in cases where the original records were in such poor physical condition that they could not be photographed.

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar) available in ArkivDigital:
1917: Stockholm city.
1920: Göteborg och Bohus, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kopparberg, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Skaraborg, Södermanland, Uppsala, Västernorrland, Västmanland, Älvsborg, Örebro, Östergötland.
1930: Gävleborg, Västerbotten.
1940: Blekinge, Halland, Jämtland, Kristianstad, Malmöhus, Stockholm county (exception Stockholm city, see above).
1945: Värmland, Gotland.

Photographing in progress for the following:
1918-1940: Stockholm city.
1921-1930: Göteborg och Bohus, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kopparberg, Kronoberg, Skaraborg, Södermanland, Uppsala, Västmanland, Älvsborg, Örebro, Östergötland.
1921-1940: Norrbotten, Västernorrland.
1931-1940: Gävleborg, Västerbotten.
1941-1945: Blekinge, Halland, Kristianstad, Malmöhus.
1946-1950: Värmland.
1946-1960: Gotland.

ArkivDigital