Spies in Stockholm during the 1940’s

 

spies in Stockholm
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 550 / page 1 (AID: v788124.b550.s1, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

There is often a strange mystique around certain cities such as Casablanca, Istanbul, and Lisbon. Maybe this is because of the roll they played during the Second World War: neutral places where spies, diplomats and others from warring counties could meet in secret.

Further north one finds another such city: Stockholm. Many persons were drawn here also during the war to meet discreetly at restaurants and in parks.  Microfilms were hidden in the heels of shoes. Envelopes were discreetly exchanged. The Swedish intelligence service was under much pressure to keep up with all these covert activities.

For those who are fascinated by this exciting period of history, you can now find the espionage court protocols (Avdelningen för spionmål)) from the Stockholm city court for the years 1939 to 1946 in ArkivDigital. To find these records, enter “spion” in the search box.  One can find notes such as these in the records as shown in the above image.

Måndagen den 30 november 1942 klockan 18.50 blev svenske medborgaren f.d. direktören John Helge Walter anhållen på Vasagatan utanför hotell Continentel … enär det konstaterats, att direktör Walter vid upprepade tillfällen besökt brittiske marinattachén, captain Henry Denham, i dennes bostad n:r 46 Riddargatan.”

On Monday, the 30th of November 1942 at 6:50 in the evening, Swedish citizen Director John Helge Walter was taken into custody on Vasagatan outside the Hotel Continental…. since it had been established that Director Walter had repeatedly visited the British naval captain, Henry Denhem at his residence, 46 Riddargatan.”

As one reads further one discovers that Director Walter was searched at the station and 20,000 Swedish kronor in cash was found in one of his pant pockets plus more cash in his briefcase. In his wallet two typed questionnaires in English were found. The image below shows some of the English questions.

2nd spy document
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 560 / page 2 (AID: v788124.b560.s2, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Russians who worked on the Göta Canal

Gota canal russiansGöta kanalbolag EII:8 (1813-1813) Image 67 / page 60 (AID: v89674.b67.s60, NAD: SE/VALA/02660) Link.

We previously published a blog about the Göta Canal Company’s archive in ArkivDigital. (Link to blog entry.)  In that blog, we pointed out a list of Russians in the pioneer company (pionjärkompaniet) who signed up to work on the canal so that they could return to Russia. You can find more information about these Russians who helped build the canal in several archival sources.

Approximately 60,000 men worked on building the canal between 1810 and 1832. The majority of these were Swedish soldiers from sixteen different regiments along with two naval companies. In addition a company of Russian deserters (pionjärkompaniet) also worked on the canal.

In the volume Göta kanalbolag EII: 8 on pages 58-65, you will find an inspection roll for the pioneer company (pionjärkompaniet). The roll was created at the mustering at Forsviks bruk on the 29th of May 1813. Above is an image of a page from the roll. The record shows the name, age and height of each person in the company. Occasionally in the remarks column are notes indicating if the person was ill or given special orders.

Even in the church books, you can find information about these Russians.The image below is a birth record from 1814 in the Bällefors C: 5 volume. In this birth book, you can find a number of children with Russian fathers.

ballefors birthBällefors (R) C:5 (1807-1852) Image 32 (AID: v28848.b32, NAD: SE/GLA/13073) Link.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Publication of the Swedish American church records now complete

kansas church recordFalun Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA Vol:1 (1887-1913) Image 38 / page 16 (AID: v812504.b38.s16) Link.

During the last few months, we have been adding more Swedish American congregation records from Kansas to ArkivDigital’s online library. We have now completed the addition of this material which we photographed in Kansas last summer and fall. Previously, we  posted several blogs about this collection and you can read more about these records here.

Our Swedish American church collection includes about 75,000 images and over 1,000 volumes from approximately 90 congregations. Most of the material consists of records from congregations in Kansas but we do have a few in Missouri and also for one congregation in Oklahoma. Our hope is that one can discover more about Swedish immigrants’ descendants which should be a great benefit to both our Swedish and American customers.

Many of the Swedish American congregation church books are very similar to the Swedish church books. The image at the top of this page is from a “Church Register” for the Falun Lutheran Church in Falun, Kansas. The content of the record is similar to that of a Swedish household or congregation book. In this record, you see information about a Karl Fredrik Holmgren and his family. The record shows Karl’s birth date as the 9th of November 1845 in Falun.

You can use this information to find Karl’s birth record in the Swedish church books. Below is an image of his birth record from the Falu Kristine parish birth book.

carl fredriks birth recordFalu Kristine CI:12 (1828-1861) Image 148 / page 286 (AID: v129846.b148.s286, NAD: SE/ULA/11441) Link.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Seamen house records in Åland, Finland now available in ArkivDigital

seamenrecord2Vårdö sjömanshus Vol:3 (1925-1937) Image 250 / page 21 (AID: v817573b.b250.s21) Link.

For several years a large number of records for Åland, Finland have been available in ArkivDigital’s online library. A good overview of the records available is summarized in the blog post, “Ancestors from Åland, Finland? You can find them in ArkivDigital”.

However, the seamen house records for Åland were missing. Now, we have recently added the seamen house records for the Mariehamn seaman house and the Vårdö seaman house. You can find information about the Ålandic seamen and ships in the various records such as the signing on ledgers (påmönstrings-), signing off ledgers,  (avmönstrings-) and seaman rolls (sjömansrullor). Most of the photographed material originates from the end of the 1800’s along with records for the first half of the 1900’s.

The above image is a crew list for the sailing ship, Nils, whose home port is Vårdö, Finland for the year 1926.

You can find the seamen records in ArkivDigital by doing the following:

  • Go to the search window in ArkivDigital.
  • Select advanced options.
  • Select the archive type: sjömanshus.
  • There you will find a list of all the seamen house records that are in ArkivDigital.

 ArkivDigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Rosenstein and his Wife 1803

manskog drawingMangskog AI:6 (1786-1789) Image 84 / page 97 (AID: v12112.b84.s97, NAD: SE/VA/13359) Link.

The household examination records are a treasure for the Swedish researcher. These records were updated yearly and contain much detail about each household member. Using the household records along with other church book records, one can often trace a person’s whereabouts from birth to death or birth to emigration.

But occasionally as you browse through a book, you may be surprised to see a drawing or an image that will cause you to smile or even laugh.  Above is an image in the Mangskog household book (1786-1789) titled, “Rosenstein och hans Fru 1803” or “Rosenstein and his wife 1803”.

One wonders why the minister drew the picture of this couple or maybe his children found the book and made the drawings. You will find more delightful drawings in this book. Take a look on the following pages: 9, 12, 21, 42, 49, 61, 78, 135, 146 and finally the horses on page 152.

See blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

7 million images have been added during 2015!

Produktkatalog

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
During the year, our major project to photograph all of Sweden’s estate inventories for the period 1901-1960, continued. We have added many estate inventories for various years in different counties.  You can read a status update of our estate inventory project in this blog entry.

Court Records
We have now completed projects for photographing the prison lists for all of Sweden from the Office of the Chancellor of Justice and also the Supreme Court protocols. The prison lists from the Office of Chancellor of Justice are available for the period 1750-1825 and the Supreme Court protocols are available for the period 1694-1800.

Documents concerning World War II
A number of records concerning Sweden during the Second World War had been added:

  • Spy and espionage documents from “Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål”.
  • Air crashes from ”Flygstaben: Centralexpeditionen”.
  • Beredskapsverket” which consists of the Swedish military defense readiness official military history work. The main material is found in “Beredskapsverket, Avdelning 1”. In “Beredskapsverket, Avdelning 13”, are documents concerning the operations Save Denmark (Rädda Danmark) and Save Norway (Rädda Norge).
  • Documents from the C-byrån, which covered secret intelligence outside Sweden’s borders.

Older military records
Military pension documents from several archives have been added, which we have described in two blogs:

Before the general muster rolls began in the 1680’s, the collection “Rullor 1620-1723” was the primary source for military research. During 2015, we have added the volumes for the years 1620-1647 to ArkivDigital’s online archive.

Records outside of Sweden
The biggest project outside of Sweden during the year was the photographing of the Swedish American congregation church books in Kansas. Most of the volumes are now online but it won’t be until the beginning of next year before the project is complete. An overview of the Kansas collection is found in this blog entry.

During the spring, church books from several Swedish congregations outside of Sweden became available in ArkivDigital.

Concerning other records outside of Sweden, we want to also mention that we have begun to add documents from the seamen homes in Åland,Finland: Mariehamn seaman house and Vårdö seaman house. This project will be completed in the beginning of 2016.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

New Records in ArkivDigital

Produktkatalog

During the past month, many new records have been added to ArkivDigital’s online library. A summary of the highlights follows.

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
The estate inventories for all of Sweden up to 1860 have been available in ArkivDigital for some time as well as the estate inventories between 1860 and 1900 except for Jämtland county. We have now begun to add these records for Jämtland and a small number are now available in the online library. We will continue to add more.

New estate inventory volumes for the years 1901-1960 have been added for most counties. The estate inventories up to 1945 are now available for Blekinge, Halland, Kristianstad and Malmöhus counties.

Military Records
A large number of volumes for the soldier rolls “Rullor 1620-1723” have been added. With the exception of some individual volumes, the soldier rolls between 1620-1647 are now completely available.

Kansas and Åland
In our previous blog about new records in ArkivDigital, we mentioned that we were photographing church books from Kansas in the USA as well as seamen house records from Åland, Finland.  Many new volumes have been added for both of these record sets and more will be added in the near future.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

More Military Pension Documents in ArkivDigital

pension1124Arméförvaltningen, Civila departementet, civilbyrån D2:7 (1902-1904) Image 1350 / page 138 (AID: v812124.b1350.s138, NAD: SE/KrA/0065b) Link.

In an earlier blog (link to the blog), we described the military pension documents that are in the archive, Krigskollegium Krigsmanshuskontoret.  We pointed out that the volumes titled, Underhållsprojekt, are of special interest. In these records, you will often discover the reason why a soldier received a pension. However, the Krisgskollegium Krisgsmanshuskontoret only includes records for the underhållsprojekt or support project up to and including the year 1863.

We have now photographed the continuation of the records which are included in two different archives:

  • Years 1864-1880, Arméförvaltningen, Civila departementet, kassaavdelningen, pensions- och fondförvaltningskontoret. 
  • Years 1881-1904, Arméförvaltningen, Civila departementet, civilbyrån.

To search for these archives, enter the search word: ”arméförvaltningen” in the search box.

In addition to reason for the request for a discharge, these records show an overview of the soldier’s military career as shown in the above image.

Dist. korpralen Johan Daniel Grimberg /Pettersson/ född den 10 Apr. 1855, tjent utm. väl sedan den 21 Februari 1873, vid gen. mönstring den 16 September 1903 för sjuklighet ställd på 6 månaders förbättring, afsked den 5 April 1904; v. korpr. 4 maj 1883, korpal d. 20 febr. 1895, dist. korpr. i regem. 14 Juni 1902. Svärdsmedalj 1904.

District Corporal Johan Daniel Grimberg/Pettersson/ born on the 10th April 1855, served well since the 21st of February 1873, at the general muster on the 16th of September 1903 placed on 6 months sick leave, discharged on the 5th of April 1904; vice corporal 4 May 1883, corporal on the 20th February 1895, district corporal in the regiment 14th June 1902. Medal of the Sword 1904.

Link to blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Swedish moving out certificate (flyttningsbevis) photographed in Kansas

kansasflyttning
Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA Vol:13 (0-9999) Image 510 (AID: v812494a.b510) Link.

On September 29, we published a blog stating that we have begun adding the church books from the Swedish American congregations in Kansas, USA (link to the blog) to ArkivDigital’s online library. Since then we have added more records and more will be added in the coming weeks.

Prior to our photographing trip to Kansas, we had expected to find Swedish American congregation documents created within Kansas. But we were surprised to find moving out records (flyttningsbevis) from  parish churches in Sweden preserved in the church archives.

In the image above, we see the moving our certificate for the widow, Anna Åkersten, issued to her when she departed from Hamrånge parish in Gävleborg county on the 21st of August 1879.  If she had moved to another parish in Sweden, she would have taken this certificate to the new parish in Sweden and given it to the minister. In this case, she gave it to the minster in her new home congregation in North America, Bethany Lutheran Church in Lindsborg, Kansas.  Not all Swedish American churches collected these documents but some did and preserved them.

You can find the Kansas church books in ArkivDigital by doing the following:

  • Go to search archive
  • Select advanced options
  • Select the county archive
  • Select the archive “Kansas (USA)”

Read the blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital