Name Registers in Parish Archives

borasregister

In a previous blog entry, we pointed out name registers (släktnamnsregister) in ArkivDigital for those who research in Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg, Älvsborg, Värmland or Västernorrland counties. If one is searching for a person who has a non-patronymic name meaning a name that does not end with a “son” or “dotter”, these registers can be very helpful. Examples of groups of people who had a non-patronymic name were the nobility, priests and not least the many soldiers.

However, you will also find name registers for parish books in some parish archives which also include both patronymic and non-patronymic names. Whenever you research a parish, it is always recommended to browse the archive to see what types of volumes are included in the archive. Occasionally, you will see “register” or “personregister” volumes. For example, if you browse the Borås parish/congregation archive in Älvsborg county, you will see name registers for birth, marriage, death and household records. In this parish, there are name registers for the household records between 1745 and 1860 as shown in the above image. These can be very helpful in the search process.

Below is an example of a page from the household record register book for Borås for the years 1745 – 1754. To the right of the person is the page number where you can find the person in the household record book for the years 1745-1754.

household register imageBorås (P) HFReg:1 (1745-1754) Image 74 / page 70 (AID: v188594.b74.s70, NAD: SE/GLA/13048) Link.

Examples of a few other parish archives where you will find name registers for church books are:

  • Gävle Heliga Trefaldighet – Gävleborg
  • Göteborgs Karl Johan – Göteborg och Bohus
  • Göteborgs Kristine – Göteborg och Bohus
  • Uppsala domkyrkoförsamling – Uppsala

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SCB extracts 1925-1945

The birth, marriage and death extracts from Statistiska centralbyråns (SCB or Bureau of Central Statistics) for the years 1925 to 1945 are now available in ArkivDigital.

The SCB extracts are organized by county and year. This means that we have been able to photograph all parishes through the year 1945. The law of privacy in Sweden prohibits us from photographing some records that are younger than 70 years or for years later than 1945. This also includes church books where the final year in the book is for records later than 1945. Thus if a birth book includes the years 1930 to 1950, we are not allowed to photograph that book because some of the records are protected by the privacy law. In these cases where the original birth, marriage or death books are not available for the years 1925 to 1945, you may wish to look in the SCB extracts.

You will find the SCB extracts in the archive with the long name, Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen. The easiest way to find this archive is to enter “SCB” in the search box and you will be directed to the archive.  Each volume specifies which county and year it covers. If nothing else is mentioned, the volume includes birth, marriage and death records for that year. In other cases there may be an abbreviation specifying the types of records the volume includes. The abbreviations are: fbu (birth records), vbu (marriage records) and dbu (death records).

skaraborg scb

Each volume consists of many images and therefore can take a few minutes to locate the correct parish. We are well aware of this problem and are working on creating a register for the SCB extracts so that one can select a parish and year and go directly to the image.

The SCB extracts are based on transcriptions sent by each parish to the Bureau of Central Statistics. One should be conscious that these are secondary sources and there could be errors and that these records do not contain all the information that is included in the original church book records.

deathscbStatistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen  H1AA:2656 (1929-1929) Image 10 (AID: v816233.b10, NAD: SE/RA/42040101) Link.
First page in the SCB extract for Vänersnäs (Skaraborg county) death book for 1929.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Mothers’ acknowledgments of births in Maria Magdalena parish

envelopeMaria Magdalena HIIIc:1 (1897-1900) Image 980 (AID: v826540.b980, NAD: SE/SSA/0012) Link.

Many researchers have been excited to find an ancestor’s birth record only to be disappointed to discover that the mother is “oäkta” or unmarried and that the father is unknown. But the disappointment is even greater if one discovers that both parents are unknown. However, in some cases there may be hope. For those of you who have found unknown mothers in the Maria Magdalena parish birth records in Stockholm, we want to point out four volumes with maternal acknowledgments of births that are available in ArkivDigital.

The four volumes are named Maria Magdalena HIIIc: 1-4 and they cover the period 1897-1917. The volumes contain envelopes which in most cases have been sealed until recently. The Stockholm city archives have now opened the sealed envelopes and have given us the opportunity to photograph the contents.

In the image at the top of the page we see the front page of an envelope referring to Alma Maria born on the 23rd of July 1897.  In the recently opened envelope, there is a page with the following text.

mothercertificate2Maria Magdalena HIIIc:1 (1897-1900) Image 990 (AID: v826540.b990, NAD: SE/SSA/0012) Link.

Undertecknad boende härstädes Bellmansgatan 16, 1 tr opp. erkänner sig härmed vara moder till flickebarnet Alma Maria född den 23 Juli 1897 och döpt den 27 Julis. år. intygas Stockholm den 27 Juli 1897 Mathilda Alma Sandberg född den 20 Juli 1871.

The undersigned who is residing at Bellmansgatan 16, 1st floor up, acknowledges that she is the mother of the female child, Alma Maria, born on the 23rd of July 1897 and baptized on the 27th of July of the same year. Certified in Stockholm on the 27th of July by Mathilda Alma Sandberg born on the 20th of July 1871.

In this record of acknowledgment, we see the mother’s name and birth date. In other acknowledgments, details of the mother’s birth parish are noted and sometimes even the father’s name. The majority of these photographed envelopes have recently been unsealed by the Stockholm city archives. However, some were unsealed long ago and in some of these cases there is documentation about when and who requested the opening of the envelope.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Sara Jönsdotter lived 106 years

oldageNederluleå C:2 (1726-1742) Image 294 / page 531 (AID: v138428.b294.s531, NAD: SE/HLA/1010132) Link.

Occasionally we see examples of persons living  a remarkably long life in the church books. In the 1741 death book for Nederluleå’s parish, the priest wrote the following notes about Sara Jönsdotter.

”Mycket ålderstigna Pigan Sara Jönsd:r ifrån Måttsund. Född 1635. Fadren Jöns Erichsson. Modren hust: Sara N.d:r afled genom döden d:1 Augusti. Begrafdes på kyrkogården d:8 ejusd. Warit 15 år blind, men dock under sin blindhet spunnit finaste garn. Thes höga ålder är 106 år.”

The very elderly maid Sara Jönsdotter from Måttsund. Born in 1635. Her father was Jöns Erichsson and her mother was Sara N. dotter. Died on the 1st of August. Buried in the church cemetery on the 8th of the same month. Was blind for 15 years, but still spun the finest yarn despite being blind.  Was the high age of 106 years.

We wish to thank Björn Rydh for the tip.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Inger Anonymidotter

IngerAnonymousGlimåkra CI:5 (1836-1862) Image 148 / page 145 (AID: v99243.b148.s145, NAD: SE/LLA/13111) Link.

The priest wrote the following entry about the maid Inger in the 1842 Glimåkra’s parish death book. Neither the priest or Inger knew who she was.

1842 Sept. 12 P. Inger Anonymidotter i Glimåkra efter en svår förlossning med ett oäkta barn, som var dödfödt. Inger hade i barndomen utvandrat fr. sitt hem, men visste ej sjelf hvarifrån hon var kommen. Ingen säker underrättelse hade om henne kunnat fås. Hon tycktes vara vid pass 26 år gammal. Till sin första nattvardsgång var hon här beredd och admitterad. Hon begrofs d.17 Sept:r”

On September 12, 1842, the maid Inger Anonymidotter (daughter of an unknown person) in Glimåkra died after a very difficult birth of a child who was born out of wedlock and stillborn. Inger had wandered from her home as a child but she did not know where she came from. No one was sure or had any information about who she could be. She was thought to be around 26 years old. She prepared for her first communion and was confirmed in this parish. She was buried on the 17th of September.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Elfva-Bengtan from Skårby

elfva1

elva2Skårby CI:4 (1825-1862) Image 193 / page 375 (AID: v111804.b193.s375, NAD: SE/LLA/13350) Link.

In the 1842 death book for Skårby parish in southern Skåne, the priest included some additional information in Elfva-Bengtan’s death record.

Den så kallade Elfva-Bengtan i Skårby socken, som från urminnes tider lär hafva bott i en af henne uppförd jordhydda på gränsen emellan Willie, Kattslösa och Skårby Socknars ägor vid Snöftarp, och som i flera decennier blifvit skjutsad omkring i Skårby Socken från gård till gård, dog i Torpet Grekland den 26te och begrofs den 30de Januari. Hennes ålder är okänd; men sjelf har hon längesedan uppgiwvit sig hafva hunnit öfver 100 år. 84?

The person known as Elfva-Bengtan in Skårby parish, who as long as one can remember was said to have lived in one of her dugouts on the border between Willie, Kattslösa and Skårby parish grounds near Snöftarp, and who for several decades was pushed around from farm to farm, died at Torpet Grekland on the 26th and was buried on the 30th of January. Her age is unknown, but she herself for a long time stated that she was over 100 years.  84?

These few lines give us a picture of Bengta’s difficult life. Imagine how much more we could learn if more priests had noted more than just the name and age in the death record. It appears that the priest was questioning her age and that might be the reason he wrote “84?” at the end of the notation.

Read original blog in Swedish.

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Newspaper clipping in the household record

newspaper clippingJung AI:14 (1892-1899) Image 119 / page 109a (AID: v11092.b119.s109a, NAD: SE/GLA/13260)  Link.

If one happens to browse in the household record volume Jung AI: 14, you may be surprised to see a pasted newspaper clipping on a page. Think about this, if all the priests had the sense to do the same, it would have saved much time for additional searching to satisfy’s one curiosity about a crime an individual committed.

The image above shows Olof Andersson living in Kartegården, born on the 16th of October 1848 in Skarstad parish. In the special remarks column, the following notes were written.

Häktad för bedrägeri 1895. Prestbetyg 1896 1/10 sändt till kronolänsmannen. Dömd 1895 till straffarbete. Förlust af medborgerl. förtroende f. alltid.
Undergått straffarbete för bedrägeri och mened i 3 år från d.8/5 95-8/5 98. Medborgerligt förtroende för alltid förlustig.

Arrested for fraud in 1895. Vicar’s certificate sent to the sheriff on the 1st of October 1896. Sentenced in 1895 to hard labor. Loss of civic trust forever.
Sentenced to hard labor for fraud and perjury for 3 years from the 8th of May 1895 to the 8th of May 1898. Civic trust lost forever.

Usually there are some detailed notes in the household records when someone has committed a crime. But in this case the priest has also pasted in a newspaper article about Olof and his deceitful behavior. The article provides more background and ends with Olof being sentenced to five years hard labor. But there is a second article that states Olof appealed to the Court of Appeals where he was acquitted of the fraud but found guilty of perjury and sentenced to three years of hard labor and perpetual loss of civic trust instead.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Stockholm Folk Register Cards (1926-1939)

Folkregister

If you are researching in Stockholm city during the period of 1926-1939, you will find the Stockholm Folk Register Cards helpful. You will find one set of cards for the recorded deaths in Stockholm and another set of cards showing movement (utflyttade). These records are found in the archive, “Överståthållarämbetet, Skatteverket, Mantalsavdelningen, Folkregisterkort (ÖÄ)”

You can search for the records in ArkivDigital by doing the following:

  • Go to ArkivDigital Online.
  • Open search window.
  • Click on advanced search.
  • Select Stockholms stad.
  • Select Överståthållarämbetet, Skatteverket, Mantalsavdelningen, Folkregisterkort (ÖÄ).
  • Or you can enter “folkregister” in the search box and search.

These cards are organized alphabetically for the entire city of Stockholm. You do not need to know the parish where the person lived. However, the sorting is by phonetic spelling. For example both Carlsson’s and Karlsson’s are included in the K’s.

The death cards can be used as a type of person register for the death books. On the front side, you will find the deceased person’s death date, birth date and birth place. On the back side of the card you will find the address where the person lived at the time of his death.

The cards showing the movement of persons are also interesting. The example images below show both sides of the card. The front side of the card shows the head of the household, his wife and child with their birth dates and birth parish. The back side of the card shows the date they moved and the parish where they moved to along with the address.

utfllytade1(Front side) Överståthållarämbetet, Skatteverket, Mantalsavdelningen, Folkregisterkort (ÖÄ) DVa2:1 (1926-1939) Image 490 (AID: v644688.b490, NAD: SE/SSA/6046) Link.

utflyttade2(Back side) Överståthållarämbetet, Skatteverket, Mantalsavdelningen, Folkregisterkort (ÖÄ) DVa2:1 (1926-1939) Image 500 (AID: v644688.b500, NAD: SE/SSA/6046) Link.

Read more about the Stockholm city folk register cards here.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

4 Wives in 4 Years! What is the story?

Four wivesFjelie AI:5 (1826-1831) Image 185 / page 182 (AID: v109258.b185.s182, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.

We previously posted a blog (previous blog entry) about Nils Nilsson from Fjelie parish who had four wives in four years as shown in the above household record image. We have received several questions asking what were the marriage dates and the causes of death for the deceased wives.

Below are the answers to the questions as well as the sources for the information.

Wife #1
Nils Nilsson married Sissa  Persdotter on the 26th of June 1825 and she died on the 26th of January 1827 from tuberculosis (lungsot).

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 103 / page 193 (AID: v109307.b103.s193, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 144 / page 273 (AID: v109307.b144.s273, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #2
Nils Nilsson married Anna Jönsdotter the 2nd of November 1827 and she died in child birth (barnsbörd) on the 10th of July 1828.

Marriage Source: Fjelie CI:2 (1780-1844) Image 171 / page 325 (AID: v109275.b171.s325, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 145 / page 275 (AID: v109307.b145.s275, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #3
Nils Nilsson married Estred Larsdotter on the 19th of February 1829 and she died from a miscarriage (missfall) on the 18th of January 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 104 / page 195 (AID: v109307.b104.s195, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 146 / page 277 (AID: v109307.b146.s277, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #4
Nils Nilsson married Kjerstena Christensdotter on the 1st of October 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 105 / page 197 (AID: v109307.b105.s197, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Search for the death records.
You will notice that all the death records are in the parish of Flädie. Since the household record for 1826-1831 is recorded in Fjelie parish, one would usually look for the death record in Fjelie parish. When one searches for for the death records in Fjelie parish, one can’t find them.

When this occurs, one should look at the info box for the Fjelie parish and see if it belonged to a pastorat of multiple parishes. The pastorat is a geographical area that a minister has responsibility for within the Swedish Lutheran Church. The information may be recorded  in one of the other parishes within the pastorat.

infoboxFjelie

By looking at the info box as shown above, we see that Fjelie was an annex parish (annexförsamling) in Lomma, Fjälie (Fjelie) and Flädie pastorat.  By looking for death records in the Flädie parish archive, we find the death records. The family actually lives in Flädie parish but the household records between 1812-1831 for Flädie parish were written in the Fjelie parish household books.

Read more about Mother Parish and Annex Parishes (Moder- och annexförsamlingar).

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