What does the abbreviation “E.M.” mean?

While the death record layout in the church books is fairly standardized after the mid- nineteenth century, there are often notes or abbreviations in the remarks section that you don’t see in every parish book. One example is in the death record for Erik Beder Johansson who died on January 25, 1921 in Ronneby parish in Blekinge county. In the special remarks column (särskilda anteckningar), there is a notation “E. m. född 1891”. The question is, “What does the abbreviation, “E.m.” mean? Also, many of the other death records in this parish have the same abbreviation in the remarks column.

em remarksRonneby (K) FI:9 (1912-1930) Image 1550 / Page 416 (AID: v115658a.b1550.s416, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

The abbreviation, “E.m.” stands for “Efterlevande Make/Maka” or surviving spouse or in this case it means that the deceased’s surviving spouse was born in 1891.

You can find an English translation of the column headings by clicking here.

The contents in the above death record are:

  • Entry # – 11
  • Death date – January 25
  • Sex – Male
  • Deceased’s Occupation, Name and Residence – Bruksarbetare (Foundry man or mill worker) Erik Beder Johansson at N. 2 Häggatorp
  • Deceased’s birth date – 2 May 1892
  • Marital Status – Married
  • Cross-reference to page in congregation book – (page #) 993
  • Cause of death – Lungsot (Tuberculosis)
  • Burial date – January 30th
  • Special remarks – (E.m. född 1891) Surviving spouse born in 1891

You can find more information about the family on page 993 in the corresponding congregation book. Return to the archive for Ronneby and search for the congregation book that includes records for the year 1921 and go to page 993. There you will find a notation of Erik Beder Johansson’s death and also that his spouse, Lilly Sofia Olsson’s birth date is noted as the 28th of June 1891. The household record is shown below.

Em household recordRonneby (K) AIIb:14 (1910-1926) Image 990 / Page 993 (AID: v115633b.b990.s993, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

Click here to read more information about Swedish church books.

ArkivDigital

Getting Started in the Swedish Church Books

Are you new to Swedish research? Swedish research is extremely rewarding because there are so many types of records and they are very complete. But before you begin, you must know your Swedish ancestor’s Swedish name, place or parish of origin in Sweden and a significant date such as a birth date. If all you know is that your Swedish ancestor’s name is Charles Johnson, you have a little more work to do before you jump the pond. For information on how to search for more details about your Swedish ancestor, click here.

But, let us say you are now successful and have discovered that your ancestor’s Swedish name was Carl Johan Johansson and he was born in Habo parish in Skaraborg county on the 10th of February 1819, you are ready to jump the pond and research in the Swedish records. Today, we will walk you through the steps for searching for Carl’s birth record and the corresponding household record in ArkivDigital.

We enter the application: app.arkivdigital.se and then select New Archive search. Since we know the name of the parish, we can enter, Habo, in the search box and the archive box for Habo will appear.

search habo

Click on Habo and you will see a list of all the volumes that are available for this parish. In this case, there are 122 volumes. Search for a birth book that includes the year 1819.

search habo birth book

You will see that there are two birth books that contain births for the year 1819:  C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820 and C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827. When one sees two books that cover the same period, it is always good to look at both books. They can often contain different information.

By looking further at book C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820, we see that that there is a circle with an “i” before the words birth and christening records. This means information and if you put your mouse over the “i”, you will see the notation, “register till födelseböckerna” or register to the birth books.

hove birth register

When we look at this book, we see it is an index organized by first given name and then birth year. Note -you will not encounter this type of birth index in many parishes. But remember before the mid 1800’s, the information can vary by time and minister.

In browsing this book, we will find a page for Carl’s and you will find the information for Carl Johan in the section for Carl’s born in the year 1819.

carl birth index recordHabo (F, R) C:10 (1801-1820) Image 16 / Page 25 (AID: v34105.b16.s25, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The information shown in the above index record includes:

  1. Second given name – Joh. or abbreviation for Johan
  2. Parents’ first names: Johan, Katrina
  3. Residence in parish – Sållarhemmet (line above the letter m represents a double m).
  4. Year – 19 or 1819
  5. Day of month – 10
  6. Month – 2 or February

The book C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827 contains the actual birth records. It is always good to look in the front of the book and check for a table of contents. There may be multiple types of records in the volume and the table of contents will show on what pages the various types of records begin. In this case there is not a table of contents and the births are arranged in chronological order. Open the book and look for birth records for the year 1819 and then the month, February, and then the day, the 10th. Below is the birth record for Carl Johan.

carl johan birth recordHabo (F, R) C:11 (1801-1827) Image 109 / Page 213 (AID: v34106.b109.s213, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The record contents are:

  1. Birth date – 10 (February 10, 1819)
  2. Baptismal date – 11 (February 11, 1819)
  3. Child’s given name – Carl Johan
  4. Parents’ names – Johannes Larsson and Kathrina Andersdotter
  5. Residence in parish – Sållarehemmet
  6. Baptismal witnesses – And. Carlsson och (and) D. H. dess hustru or his wife Stina at Skogshemmet
  7. Mother’s age – Between 25 and 30

The next step is to find out more information about the family by going to the household book that includes the year 1819. Now we return to the Habo archive and search for the household book that contains the year 1819. We find the book, AI:4 Household records 1814-1820.

search habo household book

The household books are organized by place name. In most household books you will find a place name index in the front or back of the book. Open the book and search for a place name index or ortregister. Then look for Carl Johan’s residence, Sållarehemmet, in the place name index.

habo place name indexHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 5 (AID: v20176.b5, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The place name index states that the records for the place, Sållarehemmet, begin on page 206. Now there may be one page for the place or many pages, but the page number shown in the index is the start page for the search for the family. We now go to page 206.

hova household recordHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 110 / Page 207 (AID: v20176.b110.s207, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

In this case we find the family on page 206. Below is the information that is shown for the family:

  • (Father) äg. (abbreviation for ägare) owner or landowner Johannes Larsson born on the 6th of May 1782 in Loco Loco is a Latin term meaning here or in Habo parish. Note – further research will show that the birth date is incorrect and is actually the 15th of May 1782.
  • (Mother) H. (abbreviation for hustru or wife) Catharina Andersdotter born on the 6th of May 1790 at loco or in the parish of Habo.
  • Son Anders born 9th of May 1813 loco or in Habo. There is also a notation that he has died.
  • Son Gabriel born on the 23rd of April 1816 loco or in Habo. There is a notation that he died in 1817.
  • Flicka (Girl) Stina Svensdotter born on the 15th of October 1803 in Ekebo. There is a notation that she moved here in 1816 from Ekereds torp and moved out in 1817 to V. Ekered. More research is required to check to see if she is just a worker or if she has some relationship to the family.
  • (Son) Carl Johan born on the 10th of February 1819 in loco or Habo.

Since there are no notations that the family has moved in or out, we can assume that the family is living at the same place, Sållarehemmet, in the subsequent household book. We can continue to trace Carl forward in the household books until his emigration.

Also, from this record, we have enough information, that we can look for birth records for other members of the household. Also, please note that sometimes the minister will note the incorrect birth date information in the household record such as was the case for the father, Johannes Larsson. If there is a discrepancy between the birth dates in the birth record or household record, you should always use the information shown in the birth record.

For more information about researching in the church books, go to the following links:

ArkivDigital

Using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 to discover where Hilda moved to!

Within the household and congregation records, there is an entry showing where a person moved to if the person moved during the period the household/congregation books cover.  The information that is normally shown is the place and a date or sometimes there is a reference to another page number and date within the same household book.  However, many times the minister will note an abbreviation that is not easily understood and one must take some time to discover where the person has moved. In the image below, it states that Hilda Joseph. (Josephina). Hjorth born on the 20th of May 1833 moved from Önumstorp in Önum parish in Skaraborg county to V. 41 in 1871.  What does “V. 41” mean?

onum hflÖnum (R) AI:9 (1867-1881) Image 148 / page 142 (AID: v12796.b148.s142, NAD: SE/GLA/13674) Link.

There are two methods for discovering what “V. 41″ means: using traditional methods of deciphering the meaning or using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930.

Now, while the reference to a page number is not usually the letter V, one might go to page 41 in the same household book to see if she is listed there and if one goes there, Hilda will not be found.

The next step is to determine if the parish, Önum, belongs to a pastorat. See previous blog for more information about a pastorat. 

You can check if Önum belongs to a pastorat by accessing ArkivDigital, selecting new archive search, entering Önum in the search box and search. Open the archive for Önum parish and click on the archive info tab. There you will get information about what pastorat Önum belongs to. See the image below.

onum archive info

You will note the following information in the archive info box: Före den 1 maj 1920 var Önum annexförsamling i Skarstads, Hällums, Vara och Önums pastorat or before the 1st of May 1920, Önum was an annex parish in the Skarstads, Hällums, Vara and Önums pastorat.

This information gives us a clue that “V”. might mean Vara and 41 the page number in the Vara household book that includes the year 1871. Our next step is go to archive search and, enter Vara in the search box and click search.

vara search

Search for a household book that includes the year 1871 which is AI:7 that covers the years 1867-1878 and open the volume and go to page 41.

varahfl41Vara (R) AI:7 (1867-1878) Image 46 / page 41 (AID: v12751.b46.s41, NAD: SE/GLA/13611) Link.

In the above image you will see a reference that Hilda has moved in from “Ö 142” or Önum parish on page 142. In this case, the minister is abbreviating Önum. This minister often abbreviates the parish names of parishes within the pastorat by showing only the first letter of the parish name.

Search using the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 Search Index
The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index makes Swedish research so much easier. For this same case, we can go to New index search, select the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 index, enter Hilda and her birth date 18330520 in the search box, and click search. We receive 7 matches that we can analyze. (There are other ways of searching such as using the advanced search method or using various search criteria,) We see one household record is in Vara. We can quickly link on the match and then link on the image to verify the information. Thus, we quickly know that “V. 41” means Vara page 41. Of course, we have to verify that all the information agrees and this is right Hilda. This one is correct.

1860 Vara search

This is an example how Swedish research is becoming much easier and quicker using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index.

ArkivDigital

Birth record reading example with some abbreviations

Prior to the mid 1800’s, the birth books were not standardized and the format varies by minister and time. When looking at a birth book, it is always good to review the minister’s style and determine the format of the content.

Today we will look at a birth record from 1837 in the parish of Älvsbacka (Elvsbacka) parish in Värmland county. In the record below, you will see that the content of the birth record is divided into six boxes. In this record, the minister has recorded the birth date, baptismal date, child’s residence, names of parents, names of witnesses and residence, name of minister who baptized child, age of mother and child’s name.

alvsbacka birthÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 22 (AID: v9055.b22, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

  • Box 1 – Birth and baptismal month – Juni (June)
  • Box 2 – Birth day 14 (June 14, 1837)
  • Box 3 – Baptismal day 15 (June 15, 1837)
  • Box 4 – Child’s residence in parish, name of parents, names and residence of baptismal witnesses and the name of minister who baptized the child
  • Box 5 – Age of mother – 36
  • Box 6 – Child’s name – Stina Maria

Box 4 Transcription:

Örtnåstorp, H. e. Henrik Andersson o. d. h. Cajsa Magnusdotters barn.
Faddrar:  H. e. Anders Henriksson o. d. h. Ingrid Andersdotter i Örtnås.
D. a. Comm Frykholm.

While most of the words in the birth record are names of persons or places and dates, there are some Swedish words. Also, in this record, the minister has used some abbreviations. Below in text order are the Swedish words and abbreviations.

  • H. e. – hemman ägare – farm owner
  • o – och – and
  • d – dess – his
  • hhustru – wife
  • barn – child
  • Faddrar – witnesses
  • i – at
  • dopt – baptized
  • a – af – by
  • Comm – Komminister – assistant pastor, curate

Complete English translation of Box 4:

Örtnåstorp, Farm owner – Henrik Andersson and his wife. Cajsa Magnusdotters child.
Witnesses- Farm owner Anders Henriksson and his wife Ingrid Andersdotter at Örtnås.
Baptized by Pastor Frykholm.

Sometimes the minister would use full words in one entry and then abbreviate the same words in another entry. If you were to look at another birth entry in the previous year, you will see that the minister has spelled out the phrase baptized by (dopt af) as seen in the image below. By looking at that record, then one can decipher the meaning for the abbreviation “D. a”.

full spelling doptÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 21 (AID: v9055.b21, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

Click here to see a 1700’s birth record example.

Click here to see an 1800’s birth record example.

ArkivDigital

Ten years added to ArkivDigital’s largest name register!

Last fall, ArkivDigital’s largest name register became even larger. The Population of Sweden index grew by twenty years from 1880-1920 to 1860 to 1920. Now another decade has been added, so the register spans seventy years, from 1860 to 1930.

The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 is Sweden’s largest name register and includes now about 85 million register posts collected from 30,553 volumes. The register includes all persons who are named in Sweden’s household and congregation books created during those years. This means that a person who moved often will be found several times in the indexes, which explains why the register is many times greater that what Sweden’s population was at the time.

The register is not only the largest one that exists in Sweden, it is probably the easiest to use. All search results contain a direct link to the source. You click on the link and find immediately your relative in the original volume. Very smooth and easy!

1860-1920- Hulda ElisabetImage: Searching in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930

The register Population of Sweden 1860-1930 is included in ArkivDigital’s All-in-one subscription. In ArkivDigital’s web version, you click “New index search” and select “Population of Sweden 1860-1930” under “Index source”. Then you can begin to search by entering the desired name in the search box under “Search index”.

If the name of the person is unusual, it is often enough just to enter the first and last name, but for more common names, for example for the name, Andersson, the birth date or the birthplace should be entered.

 

One should start with a broad search by entering as little as possible. If the search results are too many, add additional information until the search results become manageable. Then click on the desired entry and all the details will be displayed. Under the heading “Links” is a direct link to the original record in the original volume.

The household records (from the 1900’s called congregation books in English) were the most important set of public records, a generally geographically organized general register of residents in the parish where information from other church books (birth, marriage and death books, etc.) were noted along with additional information such as movements within or out of the parish.

 

These records were created for most of Sweden except for a few large parishes within Stockholm city. Instead during the years 1878-1926, a new municipal organization was created called the Roteman’s Institution (rotemansinstitutionen). Stockholm was divided into a number of districts called rotar.  In each district or rote, there was a city employee (roteman) responsible for recording the population statistics. Therefore, many people living in Stockholm are missing in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index. They can be found in the Rotemansarkivet 1878-1926 which is found on the Stockholm City Archives free website.

With the update of the Population in Sweden to 1930, ArkivDigital now has more than 100 million registry entries, easily accessible to anyone with an All-In-one subscription, and most of them with a link directly to the source.

 

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

 

Many church books from Nebraska are now online

During the summer, we published a blog that we were photographing Swedish American church books in Nebraska. See earlier blog. Since then, we have been working at full speed photographing and publishing the material.

We have photographed many types of documents, everything from congregation books, birth, marriage and death books to protocols, church accounts and much more. We have published over 110,000 images from 110 congregations. Still more material will be added in the future.

bertrand church

An image out of the Bertrand Immanuel Lutheran Church’s “Church-Register” for the years 1883-1907. For church members born in Sweden, both the birth parish and county are noted in the record. Link.

 

You can access these records by doing the following:

  • Select New archive search in ArkivDigital
  • Select County
  • Select Nebraska

Click here to read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Stockholm City Church Book Registers

Researching in the larger cities can often be both difficult and time consuming. For those who research in Stockholm city, there is now a welcome addition in ArkivDigital, name registers for many of the Stockholm city church books.

During the fall, ArkivDigital had added church registers for the parishes in Stockholm city. We have published registers for birth, marriage, death books as well as household and moving in/out books. The registers are found in the archives for the respective parishes (in the form of images and currently the registers are not searchable by name). The types of registers and years covered vary by parish.

The registers that we have photographed are typewritten and were created by the Stockholm city archives. In addition to these registers, you will find in many of the Stockholm city parishes older, handwritten name registers that were created by the respective parish.

Stockholm city registerA page out the Klara parish death book register for the years 1748-1860. The register is organized alphabetically and gives a reference to the volume and page number where you will find the complete record. Link.

The information given in the above death register includes the deceased’s name, occupation or title, death date, burial date, church book volume and page number.

In the example for Mathilda Erica Lindberg (enclosed in a red box), the following information is shown:

  • Name – Mathilda Erica
  • Title – Maid (piga)
  • Death Date – 13 July 1848
  • Burial Date – 16 July
  • Church book volume – FIa:9
  • Page number – 15

Thus, one just needs to return to the Klara parish archive and search for the volume FIa:9, open the book and go to page 15. There you will find the complete death record as shown in the image below.

stockholm death 2Klara (AB, A) FIa:9 (1848-1860) Image 12 / page 16 (AID: v87412.b12.s16, NAD: SE/SSA/0010) Link.

Read the original blog in Swedish by clicking here.

ArkivDigital

Many tax registers in ArkivDigital

Old tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) may not sound like a particular exciting research source. And many who look at tax registers are not easily impressed. Mostly just names, columns and numbers.

However, as we go back in time, the information in the household records becomes less detailed and the household records often do not exist in the late 1700’s or in prior times. It is at this time that the tax registers become a valuable source for the family researcher. Particularly useful are the tax or population registers (mantalslängderna), which begin around 1630.

The tax registers or population registers were created annually and are, like the household records, organized topographically by parish and village or farm. A single volume does not say so much. But when one follows the registers through a succession of years, one can follow developments and changes on a farm or village. This data can then be combined with the birth, marriage and death records, and often one can see the changes within a family nearly as clearly as if the household records had been preserved. The information in the tax registers or population registers varies over time and in different areas of the country.

tax register october 2017At the time around the change of the century between the 1700’s and 1800’s, there is often good information in the columns in the tax register. In the above tax register which refers to Nätra parish in the year, 1803, you will columns for taxes referring to pocket watches (fickur) (gold or silver) and the use of silk (sidentyg).

In ArkivDigital, you can find tax registers or population registers for all of Sweden from the beginning up until the 1800’s (often 1820). Several copies of tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) were created and they are preserved in different archives. Thus, they can sometimes be difficult to find.

The first series are found with the local authorities. You can search for these in the following archives in the English interface in ArkivDigital:

  • District registrar (Swedish – häradsskrivare)
  • Alternative archives
    • Kronokamrer
    • Kronokassör
    • Mantalskontor
    • Taxation Authority (Swedish – Uppbördsverk)
    • Kommunalborgmästare
    • Crown bailiff (Swedish – kronofogde)

The second series is at the regional level or county level in the regional archives or search for the country archives in the English interface.

The third series are at the national level in Stockholm. In the English interface, search in the chamber archive. Or you can enter mantalslängder 1642–1820 or länsräkenskaper in the search box. For Stockholm city, you can find population registers and other tax register in the Överståthållarämbetets archive.

Concerning the third series of the tax registers or population registers those named Mantalslängder 1642-1820, we are prioritizing photographing volumes for the counties and years that are missing in the other series. This is an ongoing project and more volumes will be added online. For the first two series, the photographing is now complete.

ArkivDigital is working currently to make it simpler to find all these tax or population registers.

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Digital searchable estate inventory register – now in ArkivDigital

ArkivDigital has now launched a new name searchable register for estate inventories. The building of this register is still in progress but today the register includes estate inventory index entries for Gotland, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Stockholm, Uppsala and Östergötland counties. As the register expands, other counties will be added.

You will find a list of the district courts (härader) and city courts (rådhusrätter) where estate inventories are currently name searchable by going to the following page: https://www.arkivdigital.se/online/register/bouppteckningar

In order to access the estate inventory register, you must have an All-in-one subscription and the register is only accessible in the web version of our program software which you find here: https://app.arkivdigital.se.

Below is an example of searching for the estate inventory for Sven Svensson who died on the 28th of August 1766 in Ljung parish in Östergötland county.

  • Access ArkivDigital.
  • Select new index search.
  • Select index source – Inventory of estate.
  • Enter Sven Svensson and Ljung in the search box. (Note – we could have limited the search to Sven Svensson and received many matches or we could also have added the year 1766 and further limited the number of matches.)
  • Click search.
  • A result list will appear on the right. In this case, there are 10 matches.
  • Select the one for the year 1766.

sven svensson ljung

Below is the result page. Notice all the headings are in English in the English version. The result page shows the following information: first name, last name, occupation, name of the archive, parish, place such as farm or village in the parish, year, and sometimes extra information. In this case the record gives the name of Sven’s wife, Brita Nilsdotter. There is also a link to the original estate inventory record.

svenson result

Additional Comments

  • In certain cases, only the place (farm, village, etc.) and not the parish name is mentioned in the register. If you cannot find a person, try searching by excluding the parish name in the search criteria.
  • The estate inventory year is the year that it was created. This could happen one or several years after the date of death. In the advanced search, you can search for an interval of years by entering the start and end years for the search.

Click here for more information about estate inventories.

Read original blog in Swedish here.

 ArkivDigital