Herdaminne – Personal History of Ministers

There are many types of records within ArkivDigital. One interesting set of records is the herdaminne. The herdaminne is a personal history of clergy who served in the Swedish church since the middle ages. In most cases, you can find a very detailed biography, including the person’s full name, date of birth, place of birth, family members, status, and other biographical notations. Sometimes, you will even find photographs. If you have an ancestor who was a member of the Swedish clergy, these records can be a valuable tool for researching your ancestor.

The herdaminnen are published books that were mostly published between the late 1800’s and present date for all the dioceses within Sweden. In order to find a herdaminne for a particular member of the clergy, you need to know the name of the parish he served in and the name of the diocese (stift) that the parish belonged to. There were some changes in the organizational structure so one needs to verify the diocese the parish belonged to for the designated time period.

Within ArkivDigital, you will find herdaminnen for the following dioceses: four in Sweden and one in Finland.

  • Göteborg
  • Skara
  • Uppsala
  • Växjö
  • Åbo (Finland)

You can find these by selecting archive search and then selecting archive type, printed literature. Select country, Sweden, for the herdaminnen in Sweden and select the country, Finland, for the one in Finland.

Below is an example of a biographical sketch plus a photo for the minister, Peter Magnus Bergström, who was born in Algutsboden on the 14th of January 1811.

herdaminnenVäxjö stifts herdaminne (F, G, H) 3 (1929) Image 810 / Page 151 (AID: v903640.b810.s151)

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Parish maps – a new way to navigate in ArkivDigital!

We are excited to announce a new feature within ArkivDigital – “Parish maps”. With the help of a map, you can easily find a parish and then from the map open the church books.

To do this:

  • Go to Map search.
  • Click on “Parishes”.
  • Select the region that you are interested in and then you will see what parishes are located there.
  • Click on a parish and you will open up the church archive and then you can directly select a book to browse.

Parish MapThe image shows Mörarp pariish outside of Helsingborg.

You can also find the map using a second method. If you happen to be researching within a parish archive and are curious where the parish is located (or what the nearby parishes are), you can find the map by doing the following:

  • Click on the archive info box.
  • Then click on “Show on map”.

zoom in on map

In the above image we are looking at Tånnö parish. When you click on the Archive info box, you will discover that large parts of the church archive were destroyed by fire in 1868. By clicking on “Show on map” then you see where Tånnö lies and and the nearby parishes. You may wish to check the nearby parishes for persons who have disappeared.

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Table of Contents for SCB records

ArkivDigital has earlier photographed the Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) or SCB extracts for the years 1925-1947 (1930-1947 for Stockholm city). The SCB extracts consist of transcripts of birth, marriage and death records that were sent yearly to the government department, Statistics Sweden (SCB).

The original birth, marriage and death books generally consist of several years in one volume. In some of the smaller parishes, often several decades are included in the same volume. Because of Swedish privacy legislation, this can be a problem because the entire book must not have any contents that are protected by the privacy law in order to be photographed. For example, if a death book includes the years 1930-1950, we cannot photograph the volume since the later years are protected by the 70-year privacy law. This is where the SCB records come in the picture. Since these were created annually, we can photograph all parishes up to 1947.

Up until now, finding the right SCB extract has not been so easy. The extracts are organized by county, which means that each volume includes a large number of parishes. Thus, it has been very time-consuming to find the desired record type, parish and year. Now the problem has been solved. ArkivDigital has now introduced a new feature, Table of content, SCB, which makes finding a desired extract a simple search.

To search for a SCB extract, do the following:

  • Select Index search.
  • Select “Table of content SCB” in the index source list.
  • You can begin your search by using the “Simple search” routine by writing in the desired year, parish and/or the type of record (födda/vigda/döda) or fill in the desired search terms in the “Advanced search” routine.

Note – At the moment, you will need to write in the Swedish word for the type of record. Below are the Swedish words for birth, marriage and death.

  • Birth – födda
  • Marriage – vigda
  • Death – döda

table of contents SCBSearching in the Table of Content SCB 

It is important to remember that the SCB extracts are transcriptions and that they should be considered as secondary sources. There could be errors in the transcriptions and much of the time they include less information than what is in the original church book. Where the original church books are available, these should be the ones that are used.

In order to access the Table of Content, SCB, you must have an All-in-one subscription. The Table of Content, SCB, is only available in our Web version which you find here: https://app.arkivdigital.se/.

Click here to read original blog in Swedish.

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Population of Sweden 1940 Now Available in ArkivDigital

The Population of Sweden 1940 is now searchable in ArkivDigital! With some simple searches and clicks, it is now possible to find information about approximately 6.3 million Swedes who lived in Sweden on the 31st of December 1940.

The source material for the Population of Sweden 1940 consists of the extracts sent to Statistics Sweden that were used to create the 1940 census. Most of the extracts are from the source titled: “Utdrag ur församlingsbok den 31 december 1940 och mantalsuppgift för år 1941 (Extract out of the congregation book on December 31,1940 and tax information for the year 1941)”. However, in Stockholm City, no congregation books were created for most of the large parishes at that time. The source for the population census for these parishes comes from “Utdrag ur Stockholms stads civila folkregister den 31 december 1940 och mantalsuppgift för år 1941 (Extract from Stockholm City population register on December 31, 1940 and tax information for the year 1941)”.

scb 1940 stockholmExtract from Stockholm city (Sankt Görans congregation). Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) – 1940 års folkräkning H1AA:14 (1940) Image 20 / Page 2501 (AID: v884572.b20.s2501, NAD: SE/RA/42040113)

soderby 1940 extractExample of extract from congregation book (Söderby-Karls parish). Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) – 1940 års folkräkning H1AA:93 (1940) Image 20 / Page 1 (AID: v884651a.b20.s1, NAD: SE/RA/42040113)

In the Population of Sweden 1940, you can search for the following information:

  • First and last name
  • Birth date and birth place (parish, county and country)
  • Gender
  • Location (property, village, or block)

In addition, other persons living in the same household can be included in the search criteria.

search 1940 astrid lindgrenSearching for Astrid Lindgren (author of Pippi Longstocking books) in the Population of Sweden 1940.

You can click on the link to the source and you will see an image of the original source. The original record contains information that is not included in the index record. Often, you will find the person’s occupation and sometimes the person’s employer. Employer information can be interesting because this is usually not included in the church books.

The Population of Sweden 1940 complements our other census databases: Population of Sweden 1950, 1960, 1975 and 1985 as well as the Population of Sweden 1860-1947. It may be noted that the Population of Sweden 1940 and the Population of Sweden 1860-1947 overlap but in fact they nicely complement each other. The Population of Sweden 1940 gives a snapshot of the population on a certain date (December 31, 1940) whereas the Population of Sweden 1860-1947 is an index of the household/congregation church books and allows one to follow a person continuously, year by year.

The Population of Sweden 1940 consists of the entire population of Sweden in 1940 whereas in the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1947, the end year for many parishes is in the 1930’s or even earlier because some of the books contain later years that are protected from being published online by Swedish privacy legislation. In addition, information for many persons living in parishes within Stockholm City is missing since congregation books were not created in those parishes after the year 1877. While in the Population of Sweden 1940, information about the population of Stockholm City is included.

To access the Population of Sweden 1940, one must have an All-in-one subscription and it is only available in the web version of our software which you can fine here: https://app.arkivdigital.se. In order to find the index, go to Index search and then select “Population of Sweden 1940” in the Index source list.

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Population of Sweden 1860-1947 now searchable!

Just over a year ago, ArkivDigital’s largest name searchable index, the Population of Sweden, was expanded by ten years from 1860-1920 to 1860 to 1930. Now, we have added 17 more years. The index now covers the years from 1860 to 1947.

The Population of  Sweden 1860-1947 is Sweden’s largest name searchable index and today contains approximately 105 million index entries collected from 37,597 volumes. The index is not only the largest available in Sweden; it is the easiest to use. All search results link directly to the original record. You click the link and immediately find your relative in the original volume! How much easier can it be!

1860 to 1947Searching in the Population 1860-1947 Index

The index is a name searchable index of all persons in the household/congregation books between 1860 and 1947. The household/congregation books are an inventory of each household living in the parish organized by the place in the parish (for example, farm, village, estate). Each volume covers a series of years. You will see some that cover five years and many that cover more than ten years. Household/congregation books are covered by the privacy law within Sweden that protects some records younger than seventy years from being published online. So, it a book include years that are protected by the privacy law, it has not been photographed. Thus, a book covering the years 1930 to 1950 will not be available.

Also, please note that in many of the large parishes within the city of Stockholm, household records were not created after 1878 and thus you will find no indexes. You will find index entries for most people living in Stockholm city from 1860 to 1877.

The index Population of Sweden 1860-1947 is included in ArkivDigital’s All-in-one subscription. You can find the index in the application by selecting, New index search and then select, Population of Sweden 1860-1947 under index source.

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New search index for Agricultural Statistics 1944

In the church books and other Swedish historical records, we discover many ancestors and relatives who owned or worked on farms. One title one often sees is hemmansägare (home owner or owner of the farm). But what was the practical life like for a person with this title?

When we are talking about rural life in the middle of the 20th century, a useful source, Swedish National Agricultural Census of 1944, has been available in the All-in-one version of ArkivDigital for over a year. It has been somewhat difficult to search in the census but now a name searchable index also in the All-in-one version has been created to ease the search. You can search by the farmer’s name, place name and parish. To search, you do the following:

  • Select New index search.
  • Under index source, select Agriculture statistics 1944.
  • Enter the search criteria and click search.

Here is an example. In the Population of Sweden 1950, you will find a Per Georg Eliasson born in 1882 shown as a hemmansägare at Stenviksstrand 1:10 in Ramsele parish in Västernorrland county. See image below.

1950 per georg

1944 agricultural census searchSearch index record – Agriculture statistics 1944 for Per Georg Eliasson

By looking at the Swedish National Agriculture Census of 1944, one can get a better understanding of his life. His farm consisted of 139 hectares or about 343 acres. You will see that the division of the farm included 7 hectares of tilled land or fields, 17 hectares of pasture land and 96 hectares of woods.

1944 agricultural record
Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944 H1AB:696 (1944) Image 9380 (AID: v836350.b9380, NAD: SE/RA/4204012004)

In addition, the record shows that there was no tractor so horses were used to pull the farm equipment. The cows were milked by hand in the morning and the evening. Also, there was no running water in the house but there was electric lighting. However, a wooden stove was used for the cooking.

The census asked if certain agricultural tools and equipment were used on the farm such as a manure spreader (stallgödselspridare), potato harvester (potatisupptagningsmaskin) plus other tools.

By viewing the National Agricultural Census 1944 record, we have a much better understanding of hemmansägare, Per Georg Eliasson’s life on his farm at Stenviksstrand 1:10.

There are in total 44,000 farms throughout Sweden in the National Agricultural Census 1944 including many small farms as well as some city properties. Thus, you may want to search for persons who live on the outskirts of cities who you may not think of as farmers.

These census forms were filled out primarily by the farmers. Unfortunately, many had poor handwriting resulting in errors in the registration both for personal names and place names (parish name should be correct). Thus, one may need to be creative in the search and search for alternative spellings.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

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Tip for searching in the SCB extracts (birth, marriage death)

The Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) or SCB extracts for birth, marriage and death books between 1925 and 1947 are accessible online with ArkivDigital. We have written about these extracts in previous blogs. (See earlier blog).

These SCB extracts are organized by year, county, type of record and parish. In the past, these extracts were not indexed by parish within ArkivDigital, so one was required to browse the volume to locate the desired parish. Now, these volumes are indexed by parish.

For example, we only have original church death records for the parish of Dalhem in Kalmar county up to 1929 as shown in the below image. Thus, in order to see the death record for 1935, we should look at the 1935 SCB death extracts for Dalhem parish.

dalhem volume list

You will find the SCB extracts in the archive with the long name, Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen. The easiest way to find this archive is to go to “New archive search” and enter “SCB” in the search box. See image below.

scb archive search

Each volume specifies which county and year it covers. To identify the county, roll your mouse over the “i” icon and the county name will appear. If nothing else is mentioned, the volume includes birth, marriage and death records for that year. In other cases, there may be an abbreviation specifying the types of records the volume includes. The abbreviations are: “fbu” (birth records), “vbu” (marriage records) and “dbu” (death records).

scb kalmar 1935

Open the volume and select the drop/down image/page list, you will see that parishes are indexed by parish name and type of book:

  • Födda – birth
  • Döda – death
  • Vigda – marriage

scb parish list

You can browse the list or you can filter the list by entering the name of the parish in the filter box.  Select the death book, click enter and go directly to the page.

filter dalhem

Below is the 1935 SCB death extract for Dalhem parish in Kalmar county.

dalhem death

Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen H1AA:2854 (1935) Image 8910 (AID: v808399.b8910, NAD: SE/RA/42040101)

 

 

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What does the abbreviation “E.M.” mean?

While the death record layout in the church books is fairly standardized after the mid- nineteenth century, there are often notes or abbreviations in the remarks section that you don’t see in every parish book. One example is in the death record for Erik Beder Johansson who died on January 25, 1921 in Ronneby parish in Blekinge county. In the special remarks column (särskilda anteckningar), there is a notation “E. m. född 1891”. The question is, “What does the abbreviation, “E.m.” mean? Also, many of the other death records in this parish have the same abbreviation in the remarks column.

em remarksRonneby (K) FI:9 (1912-1930) Image 1550 / Page 416 (AID: v115658a.b1550.s416, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

The abbreviation, “E.m.” stands for “Efterlevande Make/Maka” or surviving spouse or in this case it means that the deceased’s surviving spouse was born in 1891.

You can find an English translation of the column headings by clicking here.

The contents in the above death record are:

  • Entry # – 11
  • Death date – January 25
  • Sex – Male
  • Deceased’s Occupation, Name and Residence – Bruksarbetare (Foundry man or mill worker) Erik Beder Johansson at N. 2 Häggatorp
  • Deceased’s birth date – 2 May 1892
  • Marital Status – Married
  • Cross-reference to page in congregation book – (page #) 993
  • Cause of death – Lungsot (Tuberculosis)
  • Burial date – January 30th
  • Special remarks – (E.m. född 1891) Surviving spouse born in 1891

You can find more information about the family on page 993 in the corresponding congregation book. Return to the archive for Ronneby and search for the congregation book that includes records for the year 1921 and go to page 993. There you will find a notation of Erik Beder Johansson’s death and also that his spouse, Lilly Sofia Olsson’s birth date is noted as the 28th of June 1891. The household record is shown below.

Em household recordRonneby (K) AIIb:14 (1910-1926) Image 990 / Page 993 (AID: v115633b.b990.s993, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

Click here to read more information about Swedish church books.

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Getting Started in the Swedish Church Books

Are you new to Swedish research? Swedish research is extremely rewarding because there are so many types of records and they are very complete. But before you begin, you must know your Swedish ancestor’s Swedish name, place or parish of origin in Sweden and a significant date such as a birth date. If all you know is that your Swedish ancestor’s name is Charles Johnson, you have a little more work to do before you jump the pond. For information on how to search for more details about your Swedish ancestor, click here.

But, let us say you are now successful and have discovered that your ancestor’s Swedish name was Carl Johan Johansson and he was born in Habo parish in Skaraborg county on the 10th of February 1819, you are ready to jump the pond and research in the Swedish records. Today, we will walk you through the steps for searching for Carl’s birth record and the corresponding household record in ArkivDigital.

We enter the application: app.arkivdigital.se and then select New Archive search. Since we know the name of the parish, we can enter, Habo, in the search box and the archive box for Habo will appear.

search habo

Click on Habo and you will see a list of all the volumes that are available for this parish. In this case, there are 122 volumes. Search for a birth book that includes the year 1819.

search habo birth book

You will see that there are two birth books that contain births for the year 1819:  C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820 and C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827. When one sees two books that cover the same period, it is always good to look at both books. They can often contain different information.

By looking further at book C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820, we see that that there is a circle with an “i” before the words birth and christening records. This means information and if you put your mouse over the “i”, you will see the notation, “register till födelseböckerna” or register to the birth books.

hove birth register

When we look at this book, we see it is an index organized by first given name and then birth year. Note -you will not encounter this type of birth index in many parishes. But remember before the mid 1800’s, the information can vary by time and minister.

In browsing this book, we will find a page for Carl’s and you will find the information for Carl Johan in the section for Carl’s born in the year 1819.

carl birth index recordHabo (F, R) C:10 (1801-1820) Image 16 / Page 25 (AID: v34105.b16.s25, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The information shown in the above index record includes:

  1. Second given name – Joh. or abbreviation for Johan
  2. Parents’ first names: Johan, Katrina
  3. Residence in parish – Sållarhemmet (line above the letter m represents a double m).
  4. Year – 19 or 1819
  5. Day of month – 10
  6. Month – 2 or February

The book C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827 contains the actual birth records. It is always good to look in the front of the book and check for a table of contents. There may be multiple types of records in the volume and the table of contents will show on what pages the various types of records begin. In this case there is not a table of contents and the births are arranged in chronological order. Open the book and look for birth records for the year 1819 and then the month, February, and then the day, the 10th. Below is the birth record for Carl Johan.

carl johan birth recordHabo (F, R) C:11 (1801-1827) Image 109 / Page 213 (AID: v34106.b109.s213, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The record contents are:

  1. Birth date – 10 (February 10, 1819)
  2. Baptismal date – 11 (February 11, 1819)
  3. Child’s given name – Carl Johan
  4. Parents’ names – Johannes Larsson and Kathrina Andersdotter
  5. Residence in parish – Sållarehemmet
  6. Baptismal witnesses – And. Carlsson och (and) D. H. dess hustru or his wife Stina at Skogshemmet
  7. Mother’s age – Between 25 and 30

The next step is to find out more information about the family by going to the household book that includes the year 1819. Now we return to the Habo archive and search for the household book that contains the year 1819. We find the book, AI:4 Household records 1814-1820.

search habo household book

The household books are organized by place name. In most household books you will find a place name index in the front or back of the book. Open the book and search for a place name index or ortregister. Then look for Carl Johan’s residence, Sållarehemmet, in the place name index.

habo place name indexHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 5 (AID: v20176.b5, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The place name index states that the records for the place, Sållarehemmet, begin on page 206. Now there may be one page for the place or many pages, but the page number shown in the index is the start page for the search for the family. We now go to page 206.

hova household recordHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 110 / Page 207 (AID: v20176.b110.s207, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

In this case we find the family on page 206. Below is the information that is shown for the family:

  • (Father) äg. (abbreviation for ägare) owner or landowner Johannes Larsson born on the 6th of May 1782 in Loco Loco is a Latin term meaning here or in Habo parish. Note – further research will show that the birth date is incorrect and is actually the 15th of May 1782.
  • (Mother) H. (abbreviation for hustru or wife) Catharina Andersdotter born on the 6th of May 1790 at loco or in the parish of Habo.
  • Son Anders born 9th of May 1813 loco or in Habo. There is also a notation that he has died.
  • Son Gabriel born on the 23rd of April 1816 loco or in Habo. There is a notation that he died in 1817.
  • Flicka (Girl) Stina Svensdotter born on the 15th of October 1803 in Ekebo. There is a notation that she moved here in 1816 from Ekereds torp and moved out in 1817 to V. Ekered. More research is required to check to see if she is just a worker or if she has some relationship to the family.
  • (Son) Carl Johan born on the 10th of February 1819 in loco or Habo.

Since there are no notations that the family has moved in or out, we can assume that the family is living at the same place, Sållarehemmet, in the subsequent household book. We can continue to trace Carl forward in the household books until his emigration.

Also, from this record, we have enough information, that we can look for birth records for other members of the household. Also, please note that sometimes the minister will note the incorrect birth date information in the household record such as was the case for the father, Johannes Larsson. If there is a discrepancy between the birth dates in the birth record or household record, you should always use the information shown in the birth record.

For more information about researching in the church books, go to the following links:

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