Review an estate inventory ingress or preamble

The Swedish estate inventory records provide both genealogical information as well as information that will help you gain a deeper understanding of your ancestor’s life. The estate inventory is divided into two main sections: the ingress or preamble followed by the inventory, a detailed listing of all the assets and debts for the deceased person.

The ingress or the preamble is a key section for the genealogist. This section provides information about the deceased and names the heirs. This section can be helpful in proving family relationships as well as tracing the whereabouts of heirs.

The types of information, that you will usually find in the ingress or preamble include:

  • Date the estate inventory was performed
  • Deceased’s name and place of residence
  • Deceased’s date of death
  • Names of heirs
  • Names of guardians for children not of legal age and for heirs who may be living in another country
  • Names of the married daughters’ spouses

Below is an image of an estate inventory with key items numbered. Following the explanations of the key items are a transcription and an English transcription of the record.

ingressVästra häradsrätt (F) FI:50 (1870-1872) Image 1022 / Page 2019 (AID: v78036.b1022.s2019, NAD: SE/VALA/01635)

  1. Date the estate inventory was performed – 15 November 1872
  2. Place where estate inventory was performed – Esprilla Söregård
  3. Name of deceased – Wife Sara Larsdotter
  4. Deceased’s date of death – 1 October (1872)
  5. Heir – Spouse Widower – Peter Johansson August
  6. Heir – Son from first marriage – Johan who is probably living in North America
  7. Son’s guardian – Samuel Nilsson from Esprilla Westregärd
  8. Heir – Daughter from first marriage – Charlotta
  9. Daughter’s husband – Corporal J. A. Kron

Transcription
År 1872 den 15 November blef på begäran Laga boupptekning förrattad Esprilla Söregård efter Hustrun Sara Larsdotter derstädes som alfed den 1 ocktober sistlidene och efter sig lämnat såsom arfvingar sin Kära Maka nu mere Enkomannen Peter Johansson August och med sitt första äktenskap 2ne barn: Sonen Johan, som troligen vistas i Norra America, hvars rätt bevakades af hans gödman Samuel Nilsson i Esprilla Westregård, och Dottern Charlotta gift med Korporalen J.A. Kron i Hökhult Assaregård som var tillstädes. Enkomannen uppmanades, att uppgifva Egondomen såden den vid den aflidens befans, och foretogs i följande ordning:

English translation
On the 15th of November an estate inventory was performed at Esprilla Söregård for the deceased wife Sara Larsdotter who died on October 1 and is survived by her dear spouse now widower Peter Johansson August and from her first marriage two children: Johan who is probably living in North America and whose rights are being protected by the trustee Samuel Nilsson from Esprilla Westregård and a daughter, Charlotta, who is married with Corporal J. A. Kron from Hökhult Assaregård who was present. The widower was summoned to account for the estate or property which follows:

Click here to read more about estate inventories.

 ArkivDigital

Searching for a birth record using name indexes

Today, we will look for the birth record for Axel Carlsson born on the 8th of April 1856 in Vrå parish in Kronoberg county. The traditional way of searching for him, would be to search for the church books for the Vrå parish and then search for the birth books within the parish. Today, with our many name searchable indexes, we can often search by name. Today, we will show you how to search for his birth record using 2 name searchable indexes: (1) Population of Sweden 1860-1947 and (2) Birth index, parts of Sweden.

 

Search Using Population of Sweden 1860-1947

The Population of Sweden 1860-1947 is a name searchable index of all the household and congregation books for all of Sweden from 1860 to 1947. First, we will search for Axel Carlsson’s birth record using the Population of Sweden 1860-1947.|

 

  • Access app.arkivdigital.se
  • Select Index search.
  • Under Index source, select Population of Sweden 1860-1947.

We can search by using simple search or advanced search. Today, we will use the advanced search and enter the following search data:

  • First name – Axel
  • Birth date – Exact date format YYYY-MM-DD or 1856-04-08
  • Birth parish – Vrå

Click search.

axel search population of 1860

16 matches are shown in the result list. In this case, these are all matches to household records for Alex tracing his life within Sweden. By clicking on the index record for the years 1856-1860 as shown below, we get an index record showing his birth information and residence as well as a listing of other members in the household. There are links to source and birth records. The link to source is a link to the household record and the links to the birth records are links to the birth books containing the birth record. (In this case, there happens to be two birth books with the birth record.)

 

axel search birth

By clicking on the link to the birth record, you will be directed to the front of the birth book and then you will need to search for the birth record.

axel link to birth book

The birth records are organized in chronological order. Open the book and search for births in 1856 and then for April 8. Below is the image of the birth record.

axel's birth record

Vrå (G) C:2 (1824-1860) Image 75 / Page 141 (AID: v29941.b75.s141, NAD: SE/VALA/00433)


Search Using Birth Index Parts of Sweden

The index Birth Index Parts of Sweden includes a searchable name index of births from earliest times (1600’s) to the second half of the 1800’s and many cases even later. Today, the index includes all the parishes within Kronoberg, about eighty parishes in Södermanland county as wall as few parishes in Blekinge, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kristianstad and Norrbotten counties. This is an ongoing project and more parishes will be added in the future.

 

Since Vrå parish is in Kronoberg county, we can search for Alex Carlsson’s birth record using the Birth Index Parts of Sweden. To do this:

 

  • Access app.arkivdigital.se
  • Select Index search.
  • Under Index source, select Birth index, parts of Sweden.

Again, we can search using a simple or an advanced search method. Today, we will use the advanced search and enter the following search data:

 

  • Birth date – Exact date format YYYY-MM-DD or 1856-04-08
  • Birth parish – Vrå

Click search and one match shows in the result list as shown below.

axel birth index

Click on the search result You will then get an index record with a link to the birth record. Click on the link and then you can see both the index record and original birth record. In this case, all the information except for the names of the baptismal witnesses are included in the index record.

 

axel birth index and record


As you can see as more indexes are added, Swedish research is becoming much easier especially with index records in English for those whose native language is not Swedish.

 

ArkivDigital

Herdaminne – Personal History of Ministers

There are many types of records within ArkivDigital. One interesting set of records is the herdaminne. The herdaminne is a personal history of clergy who served in the Swedish church since the middle ages. In most cases, you can find a very detailed biography, including the person’s full name, date of birth, place of birth, family members, status, and other biographical notations. Sometimes, you will even find photographs. If you have an ancestor who was a member of the Swedish clergy, these records can be a valuable tool for researching your ancestor.

The herdaminnen are published books that were mostly published between the late 1800’s and present date for all the dioceses within Sweden. In order to find a herdaminne for a particular member of the clergy, you need to know the name of the parish he served in and the name of the diocese (stift) that the parish belonged to. There were some changes in the organizational structure so one needs to verify the diocese the parish belonged to for the designated time period.

Within ArkivDigital, you will find herdaminnen for the following dioceses: four in Sweden and one in Finland.

  • Göteborg
  • Skara
  • Uppsala
  • Växjö
  • Åbo (Finland)

You can find these by selecting archive search and then selecting archive type, printed literature. Select country, Sweden, for the herdaminnen in Sweden and select the country, Finland, for the one in Finland.

Below is an example of a biographical sketch plus a photo for the minister, Peter Magnus Bergström, who was born in Algutsboden on the 14th of January 1811.

herdaminnenVäxjö stifts herdaminne (F, G, H) 3 (1929) Image 810 / Page 151 (AID: v903640.b810.s151)

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Estate Inventory (Bouppteckning) Review

Usually the first set of Swedish records one looks at when one begins one’s Swedish genealogical research are the Swedish church books. These books are wonderful and contain so much information. For many, the next set of records are the estate inventories because these records provide genealogical information as well as offer a deeper understanding of one’s ancestor’s life.

Today, we have estate inventories for all of Sweden from the earliest times (approximately early 1700’s) up to 1940 in ArkivDigital. We are currently adding records up to 1960. For a complete status as of February 2019, click here.

We are also beginning to index by name the estate inventories and the name of the index source is inventory of estate. Click here to get an update of what estate inventories have been indexed. Click here to get more information about estate inventory indexes.

estate inventory aprilSearching for an estate inventory using the inventory of estate index

Below you will find a listing of tutorials and blogs where you can find more information on how to find and research in the estate inventories.

  • Introduction to Swedish estate inventory research
    https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/swedish-estate-inventories (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/estate-inventory-bouppteckning-reading-example (Link)
  • Tips for finding an estate inventory register in an estate inventory volume
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/tips-for-finding-an-estate-inventory-register-in-an-estate-inventory-volume (Link)
  • Solving a genealogical mystery using an estate inventory
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/where-did-klara-settle-in-north-america (Link)
  • Discovering an emigration place in the estate inventories (Link)
  • Browsing in the estate inventories
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/the-daughters-dowries (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/burial-costs (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/estate-inventory-more-than-300-pages (Link)

ArkivDigital

Military Service Cards (Stamkort) Search Index

The digitized conscription service cards (stamkort) for Swedish men who enrolled in the military from 1902 to 1941 were previously published in ArkivDigital and have been available for some time. Up until now, it has taken some time and effort to find the military service card for a desired person. There are nearly two million cards and these are spread out in a large number of archives which in turn used different methods for organizing the cards.

The military service card includes the name of the conscript, birth date, birth place and enrollment number. Additional information included in the service card are the branch of the service the recruit served in, service time (including basic and additional military training as well as emergency preparation service during World War II), promotions, record of punishments if any and even sometimes the conscript’s home address and civil occupation.

 

The draft registration age changed in 1914 from age 21 years to 20, which means that the military service cards that are online cover men born approximately between the years 1881 to 1921.

 

Now, these military service cards have been indexed by name in ArkivDigital making it simple to find the desired card.  Select new index search and then select the military service cards index. Fill in the name and or birth information, select the desired post in the result list and click on the link which opens the image of the military service card. How much simpler can it be!

draft registration recordÖstergötlands inskrivningsområde (Io 4), Inskrivningsområdesexpeditionen (E, H) D2b:58 (1912) Image 50 (AID: v807027.b50, NAD: SE/KrA/0473/B04001Ö)

The above record shows a search for Karl Sigvard Gustavsson born on the 2nd of December 1912 in the parish of Horn, resulting in the above index record. Click on the link and you will see the image of the military service card. On the card, you will find notes about his military service from his enrollment in 1932 to his discharge in 1959.

To access the military service cards index, one must have an All-in-one subscription and the register is only available in our web version of our software. You can find our web version by going to: https://app.arkivdigital.se.

 

Click here to read the original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

What does the abbreviation “E.M.” mean?

While the death record layout in the church books is fairly standardized after the mid- nineteenth century, there are often notes or abbreviations in the remarks section that you don’t see in every parish book. One example is in the death record for Erik Beder Johansson who died on January 25, 1921 in Ronneby parish in Blekinge county. In the special remarks column (särskilda anteckningar), there is a notation “E. m. född 1891”. The question is, “What does the abbreviation, “E.m.” mean? Also, many of the other death records in this parish have the same abbreviation in the remarks column.

em remarksRonneby (K) FI:9 (1912-1930) Image 1550 / Page 416 (AID: v115658a.b1550.s416, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

The abbreviation, “E.m.” stands for “Efterlevande Make/Maka” or surviving spouse or in this case it means that the deceased’s surviving spouse was born in 1891.

You can find an English translation of the column headings by clicking here.

The contents in the above death record are:

  • Entry # – 11
  • Death date – January 25
  • Sex – Male
  • Deceased’s Occupation, Name and Residence – Bruksarbetare (Foundry man or mill worker) Erik Beder Johansson at N. 2 Häggatorp
  • Deceased’s birth date – 2 May 1892
  • Marital Status – Married
  • Cross-reference to page in congregation book – (page #) 993
  • Cause of death – Lungsot (Tuberculosis)
  • Burial date – January 30th
  • Special remarks – (E.m. född 1891) Surviving spouse born in 1891

You can find more information about the family on page 993 in the corresponding congregation book. Return to the archive for Ronneby and search for the congregation book that includes records for the year 1921 and go to page 993. There you will find a notation of Erik Beder Johansson’s death and also that his spouse, Lilly Sofia Olsson’s birth date is noted as the 28th of June 1891. The household record is shown below.

Em household recordRonneby (K) AIIb:14 (1910-1926) Image 990 / Page 993 (AID: v115633b.b990.s993, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

Click here to read more information about Swedish church books.

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Advanced Searching

Name searching features have been available for the Population of Sweden 1950 and 1960 as well as the Population of Sweden 1888-1920 registers for some time. You can enter the information you know such as a name, birth date, residence in the search box and the search will check all index records for these search terms. You will then see a result list of matches which you can review.

advancedsearchfirst

Now, we are introducing advanced searching features for the various registers. The advanced searching features are now available for the following registers: Population of Sweden 1950, Population of Sweden 1960 and the Population of Sweden 1880-1920.

advancedsearch1

To use the new advanced search options, press + on the right-hand side for each selection. You must open at least one of the search selections in order to use the advanced searching.  If you wish to search only with entries in the search box, keep the search selections closed.

Advanced search – Name

advancedsearch2

Here you can search by first name, last name, gender or a combination of these fields.

Advanced search – Birth

advancedsearch3

Here you can search by birth date or make a selection between years (for example births between 1865 and 1870). Notice the entry format for the date (Birth date – YYYY-MM-DD). One can also search by birth parish, birth county or birth country (if the birth country is not Sweden).

Advanced Search – Census (called Location in Sweden Population of 1880-1920)

advancedsearch4

Here you search on information based on where the person lived at that time. For example, in the 1950 Census, where the person lived in 1950. In the example shown above, we are searching for a person who lived at the end of 1950 on a street beginning with Kristina in the Ljungby parish.

Advanced Search – Household

This search possibility is one of the most exciting and usable.  Here one can combine information about persons living together in a family in order to find matches in cases where one does not have a lot of information about the family. One can include multiple persons in the household in the search by clicking “Add person”. In the example, one searches for Bengt Nilsson born in 1821 (Bengt Nilsson 1821 is entered in the search box at the top). Then we click on “Household” and enter Emilia in the first name field. Thus, we are searching for a Bengt Nilsson born in 1821 with an Emilia living in the same household. Three matches appear in the result list and all listings are for the same family.

advancedsearch5

Click further and look at the congregation book to confirm the information in the search results.

advancedsearch6Lunds domkyrkoförsamling (M) AIIa:18 (1902-1908) Image 180 / page 716 (AID: v104649.b180.s716, NAD: SE/LLA/13254) (Link)

Special Note
When you use the new advanced search features, it is the same as other searches. It is better to enter less information first and then enter more information to narrow down the number of matches.

The advanced search function is only available in ArkivDigital’s web version. If you still have not tested the web version, you can start the program at the following link: https://app.arkivdigital.se.

The web version runs in your browser and functions best with the web browser, Google Chrome. If you do not have access to Chrome, you can install it from the following link:
https://www.google.com/chrome/browser/desktop/index.html

In future blogs, we will share additional tips on how one can use the advanced search features.

Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Searching for a parish of origin in the Kansas church books

One of the biggest challenges for many Swedish Americans is to discover the parish of origin for their Swedish ancestor. When one attends a presentation about how to get started with Swedish research, the Swedish American church books are mentioned as one source that might provide some clues. (Click here for beginning Swedish genealogy research tips.)

Many Swedes who immigrated to North America joined a Swedish American church. While most of these congregations were Lutheran, there were also Swedish Covenant, Swedish Methodist, Swedish Baptist, Swedish Mission and other free churches. Many of these churches kept detailed records as they did in Sweden.

ArkivDigital’s online library includes many Swedish American church books from Kansas and a few from Missouri and Oklahoma. If one’s Swedish’s ancestor settled in these areas, these books can be helpful in determining where your ancestor came from in Sweden.

One can search in the  Swedish American church records to discover where in Sweden a person came from or to discover more about the person’s life in North America. The detail and content in the Swedish American church books do vary by time, minister and religious denomination. The Lutheran church books tend to have some standardization and more detail than other denominations but again that will vary by congregation.

Search Method
To begin your search, you will need a name and a location. If you have a name and town location, but don’t know the person’s religious denomination:

  1. Look for church books for that town.
  2. If there are several denominations, begin with the Lutheran church books since most were Lutherans, then proceed to Covenant, Methodist, Baptist or other church book denominations in that order.
  3. If you don’t find the person in the church books, you may want to search in the church books in a nearby town that is in the same county or nearby county.

Case Study – Begin in Congregation Book (Church Register)

We want to discover the parish of origin in Sweden for Carl Carlson who lived in Lindsborg, Kansas and was Lutheran. We have been told that he was born around 1835 and that his wife’s name was Emma and one of his children was named David.

  1. Start the ArkivDigital application and click on search archives.
  2. Select new archive search and county.
  3. Select the archive for Kansas (USA).
  4. Search for the Lindsborg Lutheran church archives.
  5. You will find that there are 3 Lutheran churches in Lindsborg:
    1. Lindsborg Lutheran Bethany Church
    2. Lindsborg Freemount Lutheran Church
    3. Lindsborg Messiah Lutheran Church
  6. Select the first in the list: Lindsborg Lutheran Bethany Church.
  7. The info box above the archive list names the county where Lindsborg is located which is McPherson. On the right side is a list of volumes available for this congregation. For this parish, there are four congregation books all beginning in the year 1869 with different end years.
  8. Search for congregation books and click on each congregation book and see if there is a name register in the book. In the info box above the volume list, the name index will be noted with the entry “med personregister”. You will notice that one appears for the volume, Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA Vol: 2 (1869-1886).  Not all congregation books have name registers. In those cases, where there is none, you will need to browse through the book page by page.

Open the book and you will see an indexed name register. Search for Carl Carlson. See image below.
lindsborg-index
Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA (KS) Vol:2 (1869-1886) Image 9 (AID: v812465a.b9, NAD: ) Link.

While there are no Carl Carlson’s, there are the following entries in the list:

  • Carlson C. J.                     25
  • Carlson C (Sec 28)           96
  • ” (Sec 30)                          83
    The numbers: 25, 96 and 83 to the right of the names in this case represent an entry number in the church register.  Sometimes the number represents a page number. The minister did not repeat the name on the third line but only indicated that it was the same name by a ditto mark.

Go to entry  #25 to see if the information matches. In this case, the record does not match the given information. Below is the image for entry #25.

entry-number-25Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA (KS) Vol:2 (1869-1886) Image 37 / page 7 (AID: v812465a.b37.s7, NAD: ) Link.

Next, go to entry #96. See image below.

entry-number-96Lindsborg Bethany Lutheran Church, Kansas, USA (KS) Vol:2 (1869-1886) Image 50 / page 20 (AID: v812465a.b50.s20, NAD: ) Link.

This is the correct person. The record shows Carl Carlson born on the 12th of June 1835 in Lungsund, Värmland. You will notice that Värmland is abbreviated as Werm. Also, Carl has a child named David and his wife is Emma Olsdotter born on the 23rd of July 1840 in Färnebo, Värmland. This record shows that they were received in this parish in October of 1869.  Carl and Emma arrived in America from Sweden in 1869 and came to Lindsborg in 1869. The record also shows three children all born in Lindsborg:

  • Emma was born on the 28th of June 1870.
  • David was born on the 21st of December 1875.
  • Hannah was born on the 2nd of February 1880 and she died on the 17th of July 1880.

Now you have enough information to research Carl and Emma further in the Swedish church books. Below is an image of Carl’s birth record in Lungsund, Värmland.

carls-birth-recordLungsund (S) C:5 (1830-1854) Image 29 / page 53 (AID: v7336.b29.s53, NAD: SE/VA/13342) Link.

Click here for more information on Swedish church books.
Click here for examples of birth records.

ArkivDigital

Name register searches in ArkivDigital’s web version

The new program ArkivDigital 2.0 is now available in a web version. You can find more information about the program’s software in a previous blog entry: (see earlier blog entry).

The web version is available at app.arkivdigital.se. Login with your ArkivDigital user name and password. Once you are logged in, the search page will appear. To get started, click on Search Archives.

webbrowsersearch

The search page opens.

In the upper left side are two blue buttons. One is for searching in the archives and the other for index search or name searching.

search-archives

To index search or to search by names, do the following:

  • Click on New index search
  • In the box under Search index, enter the search data that you are seeking. This can be name, birth date, parish, etc.
  • Click on the blue button Search or hit the Enter key on the keyboard.
  • The search results will appear on the right side.
  • Click on the row on the right side for the register post that you want to review.

search-for-kestin

The information now appears on the right side and the search result posts show on the left side. See the image below.

The following are highlighted:

  1. Here you can select to print a register post, correct any errors or copy the information.
  2. Shortcut link to the birth book for the person. Click on the link and the volume will open and you can then search for the birth record in the volume.
  3. To return to the search page for Index search, click on the magnifying glass.

kerstin-search-result

Other registers in ArkivDigital

With the All-in-one subscription, all available registers are accessible in the online service. You select the register you wish by doing the following:

  • Under Index Source, the default showing is the Population of Sweden 1950. To the right is a small blue down arrow. Click on the arrow and a drop down list appears showing all the available registers or indexes.
  • Select the register which you wish to search by clicking on that row.

all-in-one-register-search

Click here to read more about the correction function.

Click here to read the article in Swedish.

Note: Kerstin Hesselgren born in 1872 in Hofors parish in Gävleborg county was one of the first female members of Sweden’s parliament.

ArkivDigital

Military rolls (rullor) 1620-1723

Often in researching our Swedish ancestors, we discover an ancestor who was a cavalryman (ryttare) or soldier (soldat). Or even possibly an officer. We want to know more about our ancestor’s military life. The general muster rolls (generalmönsterrullorna) are an important source for military research. These begin in the late 1600’s and continue until the end of the 1800’s. You can find the general muster rolls in ArkivDigital by entering rullor in the search box. There you will see some earlier rolls of military records. There is an archive named “Rullor 1620-1723” In this archive, there are hundreds of volumes. So far, we have photographed the documents 1620-1659 and then some individual volumes after that. There is an ongoing project at the  Military Archives of Sweden to digitize these documents.

Below are some tips for searching in these records.

If your ancestor is an ordinary cavalryman or soldier, a little more searching is required before you find the correct source. Knowing that a cavalryman belonged to a cavalry regiment and a soldier belonged to an infantry regiment is a good start. That way you know which type of regiment to search. They are often grouped by the name of the regiment after county/province (län/landskap). If you have more information about him for example the name of his commander one can find some helps via a name register. If your ancestor was an officer, you can look for him directly in the name register (personregister).

In the series or archive “Rullor 1620-1723”, you will find 15 volumes called Personregister at the top of the volume list. If you hold your mouse over (i) or click once on the volume, you will get more information on which names are included in the volume. Let us say that we are searching for Lars Jakobsson who we know was a second lieutenant (fänrik) in the 1640’s, we will find a name register card for him.

registerlarsskooRullor 1620-1723 PersonReg:6 (1620-1699) Image 3015 (AID: v793063.b3015, NAD: SE/KrA/0022) Link.

The references point to the year and volume. In addition, we get references to other volumes where we can find more information about his military career. Thus in these records, we have a good summary of the military careers of all the Swedish military officers for most of the 1600’s. If in the upper right hand corner stands the number “1”, that means that there are more register cards for this person, something to think about.

The card shows us that Lars Jakobsson Skoo was a second lieutenant in the Åbo regiment. Since Finland was part of Sweden at this time, records for the Finnish regiments are included in this material. He changes regiments and becomes a second lieutenant in the Björnborg regiment and if one looks at the next card, we see that he becomes a lieutenant (löjtnant). References at the top are for the year 1641 and volume 12. The next step is to search in the volume list for the 12th volume in the year 1641 or volume 1641:12.

search rullor

Check in the beginning of the volume to see if there is a register of regiments and companies.  After some searching, we find the right regiment and company and even Lars Jacobsson.

larsjohansson1641Rullor 1620-1723 1641:12 (1641-1641) Image 130 / page 8 (AID: v751076.b130.s8, NAD: SE/KrA/0022) Link.

To the right of his name is written, Gamble Ryttmästaren Jacob Nilssons son, hafuer tient i Tyssland för een gemen Ryttare, under Sal: Johan Muncks Comp. (Old calvary captain Jacob Nilsson’s son, who served in Germany as a regular cavalryman, in Sal: Johan Munck’s Company).

The officers are always listed first followed by the regular soldiers. In this case, on the right side you can see a list of soldiers. If your ancestor was a private or regular soldier, this is where you would look.

Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital