Modern church books from Värmland are now available

varmland 1945Eda C:15 (1930-1945) Image 1040 / page 96 (AID: v169605.b1040.s96, NAD: SE/VA/13091) Link.

In our blog posting on January 22 (read previous blog), we announced  the good news  that the Swedish National Archives has changed a previous decision which prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935. Now we have the opportunity to photograph the modern church books up to the time of the law of privacy limits (currently 1945).

As soon as we received this wonderful news, we quickly began photographing the newer church books including congregation records, moving in/out registers, birth, marriage and death books. We are happy to announce that we have added all the church books up to the law of privacy limitations for Värmland county. In addition, we have added newer church records in other counties.

We will post in the blog when additional counties are complete. For more information about the contents in our digital library, click here.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Good News: Soon more modern church books!

Pressrelease-moderna-kyrkböcker-jan-2016

ArkivDigital will soon begin to photograph the modern church books up to the time of the law of privacy which prohibits some church books younger than 70 years from being published online (currently 1945). This has become possible thanks to a change in a previous decision made by the Swedish National Archives which prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935.

“We are extremely pleased with this decision,” said Mikael Karlsson, Managing Director of ArkivDigital. “We will immediately redirect our photographing resources, so that we can make the modern church books available to our customers as soon as possible.”

We will first focus on photographing the congregation books, moving in and out registers along with the birth, marriage and death books primarily from the 1930’s and 1940’s.

Link to blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

4 Wives in 4 Years! What is the story?

Four wivesFjelie AI:5 (1826-1831) Image 185 / page 182 (AID: v109258.b185.s182, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.

We previously posted a blog (previous blog entry) about Nils Nilsson from Fjelie parish who had four wives in four years as shown in the above household record image. We have received several questions asking what were the marriage dates and the causes of death for the deceased wives.

Below are the answers to the questions as well as the sources for the information.

Wife #1
Nils Nilsson married Sissa  Persdotter on the 26th of June 1825 and she died on the 26th of January 1827 from tuberculosis (lungsot).

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 103 / page 193 (AID: v109307.b103.s193, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 144 / page 273 (AID: v109307.b144.s273, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #2
Nils Nilsson married Anna Jönsdotter the 2nd of November 1827 and she died in child birth (barnsbörd) on the 10th of July 1828.

Marriage Source: Fjelie CI:2 (1780-1844) Image 171 / page 325 (AID: v109275.b171.s325, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 145 / page 275 (AID: v109307.b145.s275, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #3
Nils Nilsson married Estred Larsdotter on the 19th of February 1829 and she died from a miscarriage (missfall) on the 18th of January 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 104 / page 195 (AID: v109307.b104.s195, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 146 / page 277 (AID: v109307.b146.s277, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #4
Nils Nilsson married Kjerstena Christensdotter on the 1st of October 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 105 / page 197 (AID: v109307.b105.s197, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Search for the death records.
You will notice that all the death records are in the parish of Flädie. Since the household record for 1826-1831 is recorded in Fjelie parish, one would usually look for the death record in Fjelie parish. When one searches for for the death records in Fjelie parish, one can’t find them.

When this occurs, one should look at the info box for the Fjelie parish and see if it belonged to a pastorat of multiple parishes. The pastorat is a geographical area that a minister has responsibility for within the Swedish Lutheran Church. The information may be recorded  in one of the other parishes within the pastorat.

infoboxFjelie

By looking at the info box as shown above, we see that Fjelie was an annex parish (annexförsamling) in Lomma, Fjälie (Fjelie) and Flädie pastorat.  By looking for death records in the Flädie parish archive, we find the death records. The family actually lives in Flädie parish but the household records between 1812-1831 for Flädie parish were written in the Fjelie parish household books.

Read more about Mother Parish and Annex Parishes (Moder- och annexförsamlingar).

ArkivDigital

Marriage Record Example

Marriage record readingBringetofta BI:2 (1751-1839) Image 298 / page 589 (AID: v33277.b298.s589, NAD: SE/VALA/00047)  Link.

Many people at conferences have asked for more record transcriptions.  Today’s blog presents an example of a marriage record with a transcription and an English translation.

Above is a marriage record from Bringetofta parish in Jönköping. The content and format of a marriage record varies by time and minister. In most records, you will find the dates of banns for the marriage, marriage date and names of the bridal couple. The above marriage record is for Petter Andersson and Catharina Pehrsdotter who were married on the 26th of May in 1806 in Bringetofta parish.

This minister noted the following information in the marriage record: entry number, date of first banns, groom’s name and place of residence, bride’s name and residence, marriage date, minister’s name and information about the morning gift.

Transcription
N.9  Den 26 april utfärdades Lysning för Drängen Petter
Andersson i Drageryd Mellang. och Pigan Catharina
Pehrsdtr i Drageryd Mellang.
Vigde den 26 Maj 1806 And. Ljung
Morgongåfva efter Lag

English Translation
Number 9.  On the 26th of April, the marriage banns were issued for farmhand Petter Andersson living at Drageryd Mellangården and maid Catharina Pehrsdotter living at Drageryd Mellangården. Married on the 26th of May 1806 (by) Anders Ljung.
Morning gift according to the law.

While most of the text includes dates and names of persons and places, there are a few Swedish words that are common in many marriage records. Below are the common Swedish words with the English translations;

Swedish       English
den                  on the
drängen          the farmhand
efter lag          according to the law
för                    for
i                        in, at
lag                    law
lysning            banns
morgongåfva  morning gift
och                   and
pigan               the maid
utfärdade        issued

Additional Comments
Before a marriage was performed, the couple’s intention to get married was announced three times and these postings are called banns of marriage. If no objections were presented to the marriage, the couple was free to marry. The marriage records are organized in chronological order by the banns date.

It was customary, and for a period of time the law, for the groom to present his bride a morning gift (morgongåfva) at the marriage which was hers to keep forever. It could not be legally shared with her children as other parts of the estate at the time of her husband’s death.  Many times the marriage record will note the actual  morning gift that was given to the bride or as in this record the notation was recorded as “morgongåfva efter lag” or morning gift according to the law.

Click here to see more examples of marriage records.

ArkivDigital

Name Registers

Name RegisterSläktnamnsregister Skaraborg SlReg:2 (0-1800) Image 6 / page 2 (AID: v187522.b6.s2, NAD: SE/GLA/75003) Link.

For those who research in Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg, Älvsborg, Värmland or Västernorrland counties, we wish to point out name registers (släktnamnsregister) that are accessible on ArkivDigital. If one is searching for a person who has a non-patronymic name meaning a name that does not end with a “son” or “dotter”, these registers can be very helpful. Examples of groups of people who had a non-patronymic name were the nobility, priests and not least the many soldiers.

Above is an image from the name register volume for household records for Dimbo härad in Skaraborg county.  If you were searching for Christina Aminoff shown in the above image, you would find her in the household book for Varv parish in Skaraborg county on page 38 in volume AI:2. To search for a name and then to be directed to the page number in the household record naturally saves much time.

The name registers cover normally the period from the beginning of the church books until the year 1800. For Västernorrland, however, the register continues until 1830 (for Medelpad and norra Ångermanland) and respectively to 1856 (for södra Ångermanland). The type of church books which registers exist vary from place to place.  There are registers for household records, moving in-out records, birth, marriage and death records but this varies from county to county and district (härad) to district as to what type of registers are available for that area.

You can find these registers in ArkivDigital by typing in “Släktnamnsregister” in the search box and click search or you can select “advanced options” and search for registers in the archive type selection.  These registers are divided into six archives, one for each county with the exception for Älvsborg county which has separate archives for Dalsland and Västgötadelen.

Read the original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

New Records Added to ArkivDigital

Produktkatalog
During June and July, many new records have been added to ArkivDigital’s online library. We have begun to add some new record types, continued to add estate inventories (bouppteckningar) and completed the photographing of a couple record sets.

SCB Extracts
The first set of new materials that we are beginning to add are the Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) or SCB extracts from the birth, marriage and death books. The SCB extracts are transcriptions from the original church books but not all the information from the original books was transferred to the extracts. The advantage with the SCB extracts is that we are able to publish these up to 1944. Because of the law of privacy we are seldom able to add the original books up to this date. We have added most of the records to ArkivDigital for 1944. We will then work our ways backward to publish as many SCB extracts to fill in the gaps where we do not have the original books.

The easiest way to search for the SCB extracts is to enter “SCB” in the search box. The volumes are organized by county thus requiring one to browse through the book to find the correct parish. We plan to begin the indexing of these books so that it will be easy to locate each parish.

“Stamkort” for Military Conscripts
The second set of new records that we are beginning to add is the service card (stamkort) for each military conscript.   Each conscript or serviceman had his own “stamkort” where you will find information about his service beginning with his enrollment, usually between 20 and 21 years of age, up to his discharge which normally happened at age 47.  Currently, only a small number of volumes are available in ArkivDigital. However, we plan to add the service cards or “stamkort” for all men who were enrolled between the years 1902 and 1941.

The simplest way to search for the stamkort in ArkivDigital is to enter “stamkort” in the search box. You will be directed to a page where you will find more information about the stamkort  in the info box. Currently this information is in Swedish.

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
We continue to prioritize adding estate inventories (bouppteckningar) beginning in 1900 and forward. During the last two months, new volumes were added for most counties.

Completed Projects
We have now completed projects for photographing the prison lists for all of Sweden from the Office of the Chancellor of Justice and also the Supreme Court protocols. The prison lists from the Office of Chancellor of Justice are available for the period 1750-1825 and the Supreme Court protocols are available for the period 1694-1800.

Read more about our image database.

ArkivDigital

Gotland Marriage Name Indexes

Gotland Marriage RecordVigselregister Gotland VigselReg:12 (0-1860) Image 20 (AID: v403531.b20, NAD: SE/ViLA/99999) Link.

In ArkivDigital’s online library, there are some photographed name registers or indexes. Many are aware of the estate inventory name registers, but we have also photographed other name registers.  One example is the marriage name register for Gotland.

You can find the marriage name register or index for Gotland in the archive “Vigselregister Gotland”.  The register, which was created by the regional archive in Visby, consists of twelve volumes from the beginning date for marriage records up to 1860 along with six volumes for the years 1861-1894.

The register is a little different because the sort includes both surnames and farm names as shown in the above image. (Tajnungs was a farm in Hangvars parish). Thus one can search for a person both by surname and farm name.

The register covers all of Gotland county except for Visby. For Visby, you can find name registers for the birth, marriage, death along with the household records in Visby stadsförsamlings archive. (Search word: “Visby stadsförsamling”).

Read the original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital