Catechetical records in the diocese of Lund

As part of the Peace Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, Skåne and Blekinge were ceded to Sweden from Denmark. There was a transitional period where the population could continue to use the Danish language before Swedish was required as the official language. The catechetical records are an important source for reviewing the transition from the Danish language to Swedish.

By 1683, the transitional period was mainly over and the Swedish language had been introduced in practically all of  Skåne and Blekinge. In particular this is clearly shown in the court books. But we even see this in the church books especially in the catechetical books.

In the catechetical records, you will see the person’s name, age, notations about their religious understanding and in some records the language they spoke. These records show the transition from Danish to Swedish. Also, in some records, there will be a notation of the person’s place of birth.

You will find the catechetical records for the diocese of Lund (Skåne and Blekinge) in the respective parish archive noted as Kat.1 catechetical records.

lund catecheticalStrövelstorp Kat:1 (1692-1780) Image 11 / page 457 (AID: v115908.b11.s457, NAD: SE/LLA/13377) Link.

In the above image we see the following:

In Kärra number 1 in Strövelstorp parish in Skåne, the following persons live there in 1721:

Påhl Jönsson, born in Höja, 53 years old
wife Elina, born in the same place (Höja), 29 years old
son Jöns, born in Strövelstorp, 24 years old
son Pär, born in the same place (Strövelstorp), 22 years old
maid  Bengta, born in the same place  (Strövelstorp), 20 years old

In Kärra number 2 lives:
Pär Pärsson, born in Ausås, 76 years old
daughter Sissa, born in Strövelstorp, 55 years old

This record is particularly interesting because there is a column on the right, Tungsmåhlet, which states what language the person speaks. All at Kärra number 1 and daughter Sissa at number 2 speak Swedish, but Par Pärsson speaks Danish. He is 76 years old and was born around 1645 which was during the Danish period.

The original article was published in Swedish on April 17, 2014. Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Dean C. A. Landberg’s Diary

Many of us are used to browsing in the church books, estate inventories and other documents and discovering information about our ancestors. As we gain more knowledge about them, we still want more.  Many of us  will visit the farms or places where they lived. But we become ecstatic if we find some old letters or diaries that help us better understand our ancestor’s life. If you are lucky, maybe one of your ancestors wrote a diary describing his or her daily life.

Dean Carl August Landberg was born in 1802 in Uddevalla and died in 1871 in Naverstad in Bohuslän.  He studied in Lund and received his master’s degree in 1829 and was ordained as a minister in the same year. He was a teacher at Gustafsberg orphanage until 1841 when he became the vicar in Narverstad and Mo. His diary from 1817 to 1845 has been preserved at the Regional Archive in Göteborg. Archive Digital has photographed this book which contains many interesting insights about his life as well as the daily weather.

diary symbols
Prosten C A Landbergs dagbok (Privatarkiv A0591) 1 (1817-1845) Image 8 (AID: v3586.b8, NAD: SE/GLA/10548) Link.

In his diary, he created special symbols so that he could quickly summarize the day’s weather and his mood as shown in the above image. In addition there were some symbols used in connection with his work. A few of the symbols are translated below:

snö – snow
snö med yra – whirling snow
blåst – wind
åska – thunderstorm
regn i myckenhet – heavy rain
mulet – cloudy
frost – frost
vackert klart väder – beautiful clear weather
särdeles märkvärdig händelse – particularly remarkable event
glada underrättelser – good news
ledsamma underrättelser – bad news
glatt lynne – cheerful
dåligt lynne – poor temper or bad mood
opasslig - unwell
sjuk – sick
Convivium – festivity

In the image below on the right side we see his entry for Wednesday, December 17, 1834.

diaryentryProsten C A Landbergs dagbok (Privatarkiv A0591) 1 (1817-1845) Image 39 (AID: v3586.b39, NAD: SE/GLA/10548) Link.

Onsdagen den 17/12. Vackert klart väder och frost. Marschalk på bröloppet till Mattilda Lignell och Schultz – circa 40 personer – Björklund war min Embetsbroder – kl 2 på natten slut – låg hos Björklund. Convivium (= fest)

Wednesday, December 17th. Beautiful clear weather and frost. Usher at the marriage between Mattilda Lignell and Schultz – around 40 persons – Björklund was my fellow clergyman – ended at 2 AM – stayed over at Börklund’s.  Festivity.

You can read the original article in Swedish here.

ArkivDigital

Catechism Records (katekismilängder)

Catechism records (katekismilängder) have been preserved for Malmöhus, Kristianstad, Blekinge, Kronoberg and Jönköping counties and for some parishes in Halland, Östergötland and Kalmar counties. Unfortunately these do not have a wide coverage but if they do exist; they can be a valuable resource.

Often these catechism records were prepared upon the request of the bishop. After the priest compiled the information, he sent the written documents to the bishop. These records are not found in the church archives but among the visitation documents in the cathedral archive. Therefore, one finds these documents in the respective (Domkapitels Arkiv) or dioceses central administrative organization archive in ArkivDigital.

  1. Go to ArkivDigital’s search window
  2. Click on advanced options
  3. Select archive type: dioceses central administrative organization

For Lund’s diocese (Malmöhus, Kristianstad and Blekinge counties), these records have been divided up and are included in the volume list for the respective parish with the notation Kat:1.

The main purpose of the catechism records was to record one’s religious understanding but one also sees where one lived such as the farm name and in many cases one’s age. Sometimes one can even find out if the person could read and write. These books are not preserved for all years but one can find some from the end of the 1600’s and some in the 1700’s.CatechismDomkapitlet i Växjö FII:12 (1691-1694) Image 294 / page 573 (AID: v41168.b294.s573, NAD: SE/VALA/00507)  Link.

In the above record, we see that the following persons lived in Kulltorp parish in Jönköping county at Hagagården in Lanna by:

Roottmestare Per Larsson, 61 years
Wife (hustrun) Anna, 47 years
Son  Lars Persson, 23 years
Daughter Anna, 20 years
Lodger female wife (Inhyses quinnan hustru) Ingeborgh, 84 years

This article was originally published in Swedish on April 11, 2014. Read original article in Swedish.

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