Updating of index: Mantals tax records

About a year ago, ArkivDigital launched an index titled, Quick find: Mantals tax records  earlier called Table of content censuses (link to the original blog http://blog.arkivdigital.net/find-the-correct-tax-register-with-our-new-index/). The index Quick find: Mantals tax records makes it much easier for you to find the right tax record for a specific parish which saves you much time as a researcher.

During the last months, we have photographed about 150 additional tax record volumes from Blekinge, Halland and Skåne. These account for tax records from 1820 and going forward for parishes where the church records were burned. These recently photographed tax records  are now searchable in our index, Quick find: Mantals tax records. This update includes 4,702 new posts and the total number of posts in the Quick find: Mantals tax records is now approximately 440,000 posts.

New table of content census

If you research in a parish in Blekinge, Halland or Skåne where the household records are missing, a tip is to search in the Quick find: Mantals tax records These tax records can function as a replacement to the household records even if they often do not include as much detailed information.

In order to search in the Quck Find: Mantals tax records in ArkivDigital, you do the following:

  • Log in at app.arkivdigital.se
  • Click on Index Search.
  • Select, Quick find: Mantals tax records in the list under Index source.
  • Write in the desired parish and year and click on Search.
  • Click on Open Image for the desired volume in the search list and the first page in the actual tax record will be opened.

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Household record transcripts in Hedemora parish

Within ArkivDigital we have more than 2,800 parish/congregation archives in Sweden. Whenever one looks at a parish archive volume list, one usually sees volumes for household/congregation, moving, birth, marriage, death records followed by other types of record collections. The volume list will vary by parish and so it is important to review the entire volume list before you begin researching within that parish.

Many times, especially in the large cities one will find photographed name registers for some of the church books. These name registers can save you much time in your research. In Hedemora parish in Kopparberg county, one will find a gem: transcripts for early communion and household records. These transcripts were done by the experienced Hedemora researcher Siv Thorsell (1937-2016). These transcripts help one save time in deciphering the old handwriting.

To find the transcriptions for household records in Hedemora parish, do the following:

  • Access app.arkivdigital.se
  • Select Archive search.
  • Enter Hedemora in the box under Archive holder.
  • Click the search button.
  • Scroll down and search for the Transcript volumes in the volume list or use the filter function and look for Transcript.

hedemora transcriptSearching for the household and transcription volumes in Hedemora parish for the years 1688 to 1720 using the filter function.

Below are images from a household book and the corresponding transcription record. Most of the time only the head of household and family members’ names are transcribed and not the names of the farm hands or housemaids.

hedemora householdHedemora (W) AI:2 (1698-1704) Image 122 / Page 235 (AID: v130346.b122.s235, NAD: SE/ULA/10388)

hedamore transcript record2Hedemora (W) Husförhörsavskrift:1 (1698-1704) Image 1480 (AID: v894492.b1480, NAD: SE/ULA/10388)

Again, always review the volume list for each parish you are researching and check to see if there are any tools such as name registers or even transcriptions to help you with your research.

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Find the correct tax register with our new index!

When the household records and other church books are missing, the tax registers (mantalslängder) become an important source for researchers. To easily find the correct tax register for a particular parish for a certain year has often been up until now a challenge. Since there were three copies of the tax registers, there have been three places to search for these records:

  • Mantalslängder 1642-1820 found in the chamber archive (English version)
  • In the respective county archive along with the respective district court (for parishes in rural areas) or the city courts.
  • kronokamrers, crown treasurer (kronokassörs), census office (mantalskontors), taxation authority (uppbördsverks) or kommunalborgmästares archive (for parishes in the city)

Once the desired volume was found, it was necessary to locate the records for the desired parish, not always the easiest task especially when there is no parish register.

The new index, Table of content censuses, searching for the tax register makes this much easier.

  • Select Index search.
  • Under index source, select Table of content censuses.
  • Enter the desired parish name and year and click search.
  • Click open image for the desired entry in the result list and the first page of the tax register appears.

tax register index

On February 20, 1904, a fire at the vicarage in Kville destroyed large parts of the church archive. In order to facilitate the research, ArkivDigital has photographed the tax registers for Kville together with the annex parishes even after 1820 (which is usually the end year that we photograph tax registers). In the image above, you see the results list when one searches for the parish Kville for the selected years 1845-1859.

The Table of content censuses consists of nearly 440,000 index entries collected from approximately 9,200 volumes. In order to access the Table of content censuses, one must have an All-in-one subscription.

Additional Table of Content Censuses Search Tips

  • The county information refers to the county that the parish belonged to in the mid 1900’s, Historically, the parish may have belonged to a different county than what is today.
  • The tax registers were usually taken by parish and by city respectively. This also applies in cities with several parishes. Thus, if you are interested in tax register from Jönköping, search for “Jönköpings stad” versus Jönköpings Sofia or Jönköpings Kristina. Stockholm city is however an exception from the rule. Some tax registers were taken for the whole city and while others by parish. There search for both the city of Stockholm and the name of the parish in question. For Göteborg the tax registers ae organized by parish from 1833 forward but for previous years search for the city of Göteborg.
  • Sometimes there were separate tax registers for market towns (köpingar), municipalities along with mills, mines and similar institutions. If there is a separate tax register for a mill for example, distinct from the regular parish tax register, we have created a separate index entry which includes both the parish and the mill’s name (brukets namn) for example “Njutånger: Iggesunds bruk”. If the mill is included as part of the parish’s tax register, there is usually no separate index for the mill.

Click here to see original entry about tax register search tips in Swedish.

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Find the right volume quickly

Now comes another great tool that makes it easier to find a church record or other document in ArkivDigital. You can now filter and quickly display, for example, all birth records or all church records containing the year 1835. You can find the filter function above the volume list. Below you see examples of how you can use the filter function.

1

Click on the row Filter and you get 4 different options that you can combine.

2

Here we show Hamneda church archives and in the field Search in volume information you can search the information that is recorded for a volume. It can be for example, duplicate or as we see below, the name of a block.

On the second row you can search in Year from and Year to. This means that you can search for all documents that, for example, contain 1835. Then you enter 1835 in both fields.

3

On the third row you can choose to show only specific types of source. Below you will only see the Birth and Christening records. You can select several different types of source at the same time.

4

You can of course also combine and, for example, show Birth and Christening records for 1835. Here are two volumes that come up. An original book and a rough copy, both containing 1835.

5

In the cities there are usually several different household records for the same time period and it is then in the volume information which blocks are included in the respective volume. Below we have searched for Hamburg to find the block “Stadt Hamburg”, located in Malmö St. Petri’s parish. We quickly see that it is 14 volumes. Keep in mind that the blocks can be found in more volumes where the block name is not printed in the volume information.

6

You can combine the way you want. We conclude with an example where we look at the archive Göta Hovrätt – Advokatfiskalen Kronobergs län, which is where you find the so-called renovated court records. We show Sunnerbo in the volume information and the volumes covering the years 1695-1712. Instead of looking through 259 volumes, you can quickly see which 15 volumes it is.

7

Closes the filter function by pressing x at the top right of the filter function.

Another new feature is that you can sort the columns Archives Volume, Type of source, From and To.

8

This is done by clicking on the column heading, a click is sorted from the bottom up and another click from the top down.

Below we have sorted From and shows all the volumes from the oldest start year and forward in time.

9

Of course you can combine both filter function and sorting. As a final example, we have chosen to display Birth and Chrisening records and Death and Burial records, and sorted by showing From (starting year for the volume) from the oldest at the top.

10

If you want to remove the sorting, click Reset sorting and to close the filter function, click x at the top right of the filter box.

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Population registers (Mantalslängder)

ockelbo 1842

Tax register for Ockelbo (Ugglebo) parish in 1842

The population registers (mantalslängderna) or tax registers are important sources for genealogical research. These records existed as early as the 1640’s long before household records or for that matter many other church records for most parishes. In cases where the church books have been destroyed by fire or other causes, these population registers are a treasure for the researcher.

Today, we would like to provide a summary of our English tutorials and blogs providing tips on researching in the population registers (mantalslängderna) or tax registers.

Tax Registers (Mantalslängder)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/tax-registers-mantalslangder

More Tax Registers in ArkivDigital
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/more-tax-registers-in-arkivdigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/research-in-varnamo-voxtorp-and-tanno-church-books-burned 

Population register 1941
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/population-register-1941

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Tracing Moves in the Church Books

One of the most common questions that one receives when one shows the household records to beginning researchers is: “Why are the names crossed out?”.  The simple answer is that the names are crossed out when the person moves to another place or dies.

In this blog, we will show a case of someone moving to another place in the same parish.

Movements to and from a place are noted in the moving (flyttat) columns. In the record below, there are two moving columns: one showing movement to this place from another place and one showing movement to a new place.

  • The column noted with an “A” shows the place (parish, city or page in the household book with the date) where the person came from and the date.
  • The column noted with a “B” shows the place (parish, city or page in the household book) where the persons is moving to and the date.

correct HFL with moving in and outLysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 64 / page 54 (AID: v12038.b64.s54, NAD: SE/VA/13349) (Link)

In the above record, we see three movements for Maria, Olof Larsson’s barn (child) at the place, Backa, in Lysvik parish in Värmland county.

  1. f. 481 5/11 67. She moves to a place on page 481 in the same household book on the 5th of November 1867. See image below.
  2. f. 481 4/11 68. She moves back to this place (Backa) from the place on page 481 (Åsegård) in this parish book on the 4th of November 1868. The household record showing her living at Åsegård is shown below.
  3. f. 532 19/10 70. She moves to a place on page 532 (Öjenäs) in the same household book on the 19th of October 1870. See Lysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 577 / page 532 (AID: v12038.b577.s532, NAD: SE/VA/13349).

moving in hfl2Lysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 522 / page 481 (AID: v12038.b522.s481, NAD: SE/VA/13349)  (Link)

The abbreviation “f” in the moving column means folio or page. Other abbreviations for page include “s” (sida) or “p” (pagina).

Click here for more information on the household records with column translation headings.

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More Tax Registers in ArkivDigital

The population registers (mantalslängderna) or tax registers are one of the key sources for Swedish genealogy.  These records existed as early as the 1640’s long before household records or for that matter many other church records for most parishes. In cases where the church books have been destroyed by fire or other causes, these population registers are a treasure for the researcher.

ArkivDigital earlier (with some exceptions) photographed the two copies of population records preserved at the regional archives, namely the district/city (häradsskrivarnas/ städernas)  and the county (landskontorens) office copies, from the earliest times to 1820.

Unfortunately, there are cases where no population registers were saved at the district/city or county office. Fortunately, a third copy of the population register was created. This copy is stored at the Swedish National Archives (Riksarkivet) and is included in an archive named, Mantalslängder 1642-1820. We are happy to announce that recently we have begun to photograph records from this collection.

From the Swedish National Archives collection, so far we have only completed publishing the oldest registers for the counties of Gotland and Älvsborg but more will be added in the future. However, we wish to clarify that we will not be photographing all the volumes in the archive, Mantalslängder 1642-1820. We will focus on photographing volumes that contain population registers that are missing from the district or county office archives.
alvsborgmantal-recordThe first page in the Älvsborg’s county population register (mantalslängd) for the year 1642 (Swedish National Archives (Riksarkivet) copy). Link.

Unfortunately, the Swedish National Archives collection of population registers is not complete either. For some parishes, all three copies of the population registers were not saved and are not available for certain years. For the period 1719-1765, the archive Riksgäldarkiven Riksens ständers kontor Kammarkontoret, can function as a replacement.

In the county ledger books (länshuvudböckerna), various types of records are included among which are financial accounts but also a variety of personal records. As a replacement for the population records, the salary (lön) and fee payment (betalningsavgiften) records can be helpful. We also want to clarify that we will not be photographing all the books but only the ones that can be used as a replacement for the missing population registers.
kammarBeginning of 1737 year’s record over salary and payment fees (lön- och betalningsavgifter) for Tåstarps parish in Norra Åsbo härad (Kristianstad county). Link.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

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Where did Klara settle in North America?

While we have often mentioned that one of the greatest challenges for many North Americans is to identify the parish where their Swedish ancestor originated from. However, once the mystery is solved, it is usually fairly easy to trace the family backwards in time in the Swedish records. Primarily because the records are so complete especially with household records that were updated yearly.

Finding where a Swedish emigrant immigrated to in North America can often be just as challenging if not more so especially with women who emigrated unmarried and then later married in North America.

This was the challenge that Todd Johnson faced in trying to research one of his ancestors, Klara Jonasdotter, who was born on the 15th of March 1859 in Håbol parish in Värmland. She emigrated from Dals-Ed parish in 1882 to North America. See image below.

householdklaraDals-Ed (P) AI:17 (1876-1885) Image 34 / page 27 (AID: v3863.b34.s27, NAD: SE/GLA/13082) Link.

But where in North America? In this case, Klara’s father, Jonas Johansson’s estate inventory provided the clue for locating Klara. By tracing Jonas forward in the household records, Todd discovered that Jonas died on the 6th of October 1901 in Håbol parish.

To trace Jonas further in the household records, one short method is to use the search index for the Population of Sweden 1880 to 1920 in the All-in-One subscription. In this case, just by entering his birth date, 18251119, and the birth parish, Håbol, all the applicable household records until his death appear in the result list. See below.

search-for-jonas

His death is recorded in the Håbol household record for the years 1901-1905. See image below.

jonasdeathhouseholdrecordHåbol (P) AIIa:2 (1901-1905) Image 2940 / page 282 (AID: v199357.b2940.s282, NAD: SE/GLA/13231) Link.

To find the estate inventory, go to the archives for Håbol parish and search for estate inventories. Open the archive and look for an estate inventory register which is a name indexed register. In this case since there is no register for this time period, we have to search for the record page by page beginning with the death date. However, we meet with success and we find the clue about Klara that helped Todd locate her in North America.

estate-inventoryVedbo häradsrätt (P) FIIa:57 (1902-1902) Image 1250 / page 51 (AID: v511345.b1250.s51, NAD: SE/GLA/11120) Link.

The estate inventory shows that Klara is in North America married to Aron Molin in Minnesota. (Klara gift med Aron Molin i Minnesota i Norra Amerika.) By knowing Klara’s husband’s name, Todd was able to do further U.S. research in the U.S census records where Todd discovered that Klara and Aron lived in Nessel township in Chisago county in the state of Minnesota in 1900.

Thanks to Todd Johnson in Minnesota for this research case.

Read more about estate inventories.

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Special Savings on All-in-One Subscription

special savings

We are offering a wonderful special on our All-in-One subscription.  You can now purchase the annual All-in-One subscription for 1560 SEK (approximately 170 USD).

The All-in-One subscription includes all the archives plus the following name searchable indexes: Population of Sweden 1880-1920, Population of Sweden 1950 and 1960 and Swedes in US 1940.

The Population of Sweden 1880-1920 is a digital searchable name register of all of the Swedish household records and congregation books from around 1880 to 1920. It is a fantastic tool for solving those genealogical mysteries in your family tree!

The Population of Sweden 1950 and 1960 or the Swedish Census index records for 1950 and 1960 includes information drawn from the country’s tax registers published in 1951 and 1961. These registers include everyone who lived in Sweden at that time and are wonderful sources for seeking information about persons living in the middle of the twentieth century.

The Swedes in US 1940 includes everyone in the 1940 United States Federal Census who stated that their birth place was Sweden.

To search in the new indexes, you will need to install the new software ArkivDigital 2.0 beta. Click here to install.

This special offer is good until Tuesday, November 22, 2016.  Click here to purchase.

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Name Registers in Parish Archives

borasregister

In a previous blog entry, we pointed out name registers (släktnamnsregister) in ArkivDigital for those who research in Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg, Älvsborg, Värmland or Västernorrland counties. If one is searching for a person who has a non-patronymic name meaning a name that does not end with a “son” or “dotter”, these registers can be very helpful. Examples of groups of people who had a non-patronymic name were the nobility, priests and not least the many soldiers.

However, you will also find name registers for parish books in some parish archives which also include both patronymic and non-patronymic names. Whenever you research a parish, it is always recommended to browse the archive to see what types of volumes are included in the archive. Occasionally, you will see “register” or “personregister” volumes. For example, if you browse the Borås parish/congregation archive in Älvsborg county, you will see name registers for birth, marriage, death and household records. In this parish, there are name registers for the household records between 1745 and 1860 as shown in the above image. These can be very helpful in the search process.

Below is an example of a page from the household record register book for Borås for the years 1745 – 1754. To the right of the person is the page number where you can find the person in the household record book for the years 1745-1754.

household register imageBorås (P) HFReg:1 (1745-1754) Image 74 / page 70 (AID: v188594.b74.s70, NAD: SE/GLA/13048) Link.

Examples of a few other parish archives where you will find name registers for church books are:

  • Gävle Heliga Trefaldighet – Gävleborg
  • Göteborgs Karl Johan – Göteborg och Bohus
  • Göteborgs Kristine – Göteborg och Bohus
  • Uppsala domkyrkoförsamling – Uppsala

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