Certificate of Poverty (Fattigbevis) in Stockholm City

certificate of povertyStockholms rådhusrätt 1:a avdelning EIId:31 (1903-1904) Image 150 / page 8 (AID: v494721.b150.s8, NAD: SE/SSA/0145a) Link.

In the Stockholm city court archives (Stockholms rådhusrätts arkiv), you will find volumes named certificate of poverty (fattigbevis) in addition to estate inventories (bouppteckningar). For individuals who didn’t have any assets at the time of their death, the heirs would submit a certificate of poverty (fattigbevis) to the court.

The above image is an example of a certificate of poverty for Johan Albin Haughton who died on the 7th of February 1903 at the age of 31 years, 2 months and 9 days. His widow submitted a certificate of poverty.

Boet uppgafs af den aflidnes enka under edlig förpliktelse, att detsamma vid dödstillfället befans i ett sådant skick, att begrafningsomkostnaderna och skulder öfverstego tillgångarne.

Under oath, the widow of the deceased stated that the deceased’s estate at the time of his death was in such a bad state that the burial costs and debts exceeded the assets.

The primary difference between an estate inventory and a certificate of poverty is that there is no detailed inventory of the assets and debts in a certificate of poverty other than a statement noting that the debts were greater than the assets. However, the largest benefit for a researcher is that the heirs of the deceased are named like they are in an estate inventory. If you can’t find an estate inventory for a person, you should investigate or determine if a certificate of poverty was preserved.

The certificates of poverty for Stockholm city court are found in these archives:

  1. Stockholms rådhusrätt 1:a avdelningen. Certificate of poverty (Fattigbevis) for the years 1756-1924 are included in the EIId series.
  2. Stockholms rådhusrätt, bouppteckningsaved. Certificate of poverty (Fattigbevis) for the years 1925-1933 are included in the E3 series.

In both archives, you will find special name register volumes for the certificates of poverty. In some of the certificate of poverty volumes, you will find in addition a separate register for the actual volume/actual year.

Read more about the certificates of poverty.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Estate Inventories (bouppteckningar) for Gotland now available through 1979


gotland estate inventoryGotlands domsaga (I) FIIa:46 (1964-1964) Image 1130 (AID: v480865.b1130, NAD: SE/ViLA/20022) Link.

Recently, estate inventories (bouppteckningar) for Gotland for the 1960’s and 1970’s were added to ArkivDigital. If you are searching for ancestors or others on Sweden’s largest island, you can now access estate inventories for Gotland up to and including the year 1979. You can find these recently added estate inventories in the Gotland domsaga archive (years up to and including 1970) and the Gotland tingsrätt archive (from 1971).

The above image shows an estate inventory from the year 1964. Many of the estate inventories were still very detailed at this time. This image gives a good picture of the furniture in the household. The most valuable items were the television (TV-apparaten) valued at 400 Swedish kronor and a kitchen table combined with a sewing machine (köksbord i kombination med elektrisk symaskin) valued at 150 Swedish kronor.

Read the original blog entry in Swedish.

Learn more about the Swedish estate inventories.

ArkivDigital

Tips for finding an estate inventory register in an estate inventory volume

We have previously written an English blog (see previous blog entry) about the estate inventories (bouppteckningar) and how one can search these records in ArkivDigital. We mentioned that many estate inventories have been indexed by name and these indexes are in volumes named, estate inventory registers (bouppteckningsregister).

However, not all estate inventories have been indexed. In those cases, one needs to browse page by page in the estate inventory volume.  But you still may be lucky.

Some estate inventory volumes contain a name index in the front of the book.  This is the case with the estate inventory volume FII:18 found in the Orust and Tjörns häradsrätt archive. In this volume, you will find a number of name registers and there is a register for each court (ting) session that the volume covers.

In volume FII:19 for the same district court (häradsrätt), there is one name register for all the court sessions that the volume covers. The register is on page 1 with the following heading:

”Register öfver bouppteckningar, som inregistrerats vid Orusts och Tjörns häradsrätt under åren 1854-1856 efter följande aflidna personer”.

Register of estate inventories, which were registered at Orust and Tjörn district court during the years 1854-1856 for the following deceased persons.

estate inventory registerOrusts och Tjörns häradsrätt (O) FII:19 (1854-1856) Image 4 / page 1 (AID: v13494.b4.s1, NAD: SE/GLA/11080)  Link.

The register notes the name of the person that the estate inventory refers to along with a reference number for the actual estate inventory.

In both of these examples, we have added information about these registers in the “Archive Info” box that you will find above the list showing the archive volumes.

archive box

We wish to thank Lisbeth Zachs for giving us this tip about the registers in the estate inventory volumes for Orust and Tjörn district court (häradsrätt).

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

7 million images have been added during 2015!

Produktkatalog

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
During the year, our major project to photograph all of Sweden’s estate inventories for the period 1901-1960, continued. We have added many estate inventories for various years in different counties.  You can read a status update of our estate inventory project in this blog entry.

Court Records
We have now completed projects for photographing the prison lists for all of Sweden from the Office of the Chancellor of Justice and also the Supreme Court protocols. The prison lists from the Office of Chancellor of Justice are available for the period 1750-1825 and the Supreme Court protocols are available for the period 1694-1800.

Documents concerning World War II
A number of records concerning Sweden during the Second World War had been added:

  • Spy and espionage documents from “Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål”.
  • Air crashes from ”Flygstaben: Centralexpeditionen”.
  • Beredskapsverket” which consists of the Swedish military defense readiness official military history work. The main material is found in “Beredskapsverket, Avdelning 1”. In “Beredskapsverket, Avdelning 13”, are documents concerning the operations Save Denmark (Rädda Danmark) and Save Norway (Rädda Norge).
  • Documents from the C-byrån, which covered secret intelligence outside Sweden’s borders.

Older military records
Military pension documents from several archives have been added, which we have described in two blogs:

Before the general muster rolls began in the 1680’s, the collection “Rullor 1620-1723” was the primary source for military research. During 2015, we have added the volumes for the years 1620-1647 to ArkivDigital’s online archive.

Records outside of Sweden
The biggest project outside of Sweden during the year was the photographing of the Swedish American congregation church books in Kansas. Most of the volumes are now online but it won’t be until the beginning of next year before the project is complete. An overview of the Kansas collection is found in this blog entry.

During the spring, church books from several Swedish congregations outside of Sweden became available in ArkivDigital.

Concerning other records outside of Sweden, we want to also mention that we have begun to add documents from the seamen homes in Åland,Finland: Mariehamn seaman house and Vårdö seaman house. This project will be completed in the beginning of 2016.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

New Records in ArkivDigital

Produktkatalog

During the past month, many new records have been added to ArkivDigital’s online library. A summary of the highlights follows.

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
The estate inventories for all of Sweden up to 1860 have been available in ArkivDigital for some time as well as the estate inventories between 1860 and 1900 except for Jämtland county. We have now begun to add these records for Jämtland and a small number are now available in the online library. We will continue to add more.

New estate inventory volumes for the years 1901-1960 have been added for most counties. The estate inventories up to 1945 are now available for Blekinge, Halland, Kristianstad and Malmöhus counties.

Military Records
A large number of volumes for the soldier rolls “Rullor 1620-1723” have been added. With the exception of some individual volumes, the soldier rolls between 1620-1647 are now completely available.

Kansas and Åland
In our previous blog about new records in ArkivDigital, we mentioned that we were photographing church books from Kansas in the USA as well as seamen house records from Åland, Finland.  Many new volumes have been added for both of these record sets and more will be added in the near future.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Burial Costs

Burial costsOrusts och Tjörns häradsrätt FII:18 (1850-1853) Image 248 / page 491 (AID: v13493.b248.s491, NAD: SE/GLA/11080) Link.

The estate inventories (bouppteckningarna) are a wonderful source for finding information about a deceased’s heirs and the names of guardians for children not of legal age. This information in found in the ingress or preamble of the estate inventory.  When one browses through the estate inventory, one can form a deeper understanding of one’s ancestor’s life by viewing their possessions such as two spoons, four pigs and a clock or other items.

At the end of the inventory, the deceased’s debts (skulder) are listed. In addition, the burial costs are usually included. Sometimes, if you read carefully, you can recreate the burial event as if you were present.

In the estate inventory for Samuel Andersson as shown in the above image, you can discover what was served to the funeral guests at Orust in 1850.

“5 kannor brännvin, 1 kanna konjak, 1/2 kanna vin, kaffebönor och socker, pudersocker och skorpor, malt, korn och råg, 2 kalvar, smör, fläsk och ägg. Allt tillagat av kokerskan”.

5 pitchers of brandy, 1 pitcher of cognac, ½ pitcher of wine, coffee beans and sugar, powdered sugar and biscuits, malt, barley and rye, veal, butter, bacon and eggs. Everything prepared by a cook.

We wish to thank Lisbeth Zachs for this tip.

Link to blog entry in Swedish.

Read more about estate inventories.

ArkivDigital

Free Access to ArkivDigital on November 14-15

gratisdagar_hemsidan_ENG
This weekend, November 14-15, we will open our digital online archive and give all new users free access to ArkivDigital. Over 57 million images or approximately 114 million photographed historical pages are accessible to all who want to test how to research with us.

This is a unique opportunity to explore Swedish historical sources; everything from church books and estate inventories to military records and court records are found in ArkivDigital. There are also prison documents, tax registers, documents from the Second World War and much more.

For those who are entirely new users or for those who haven’t used ArkivDigital in a while, this is a unique opportunity to explore or maybe rediscover the historical treasures which are available in our continually growing database.

The free days happen in connection with Archives Day which will be celebrated at many places throughout the Nordic countries. Many archives, libraries and genealogical societies will be open to the public offering lectures, exhibitions and archive tours.

Take this opportunity to take advantage of these free days!

Go to our website this weekend: www.arkivdigital.net.

Coming special offer: 1 month for 195 SEK or about 22 USD
In connection with the Archives Day, we will have a special offer on a monthly subscription for 195 SEK or about 22 USD (regular price 225 SEK or about 26 USD). The offer begins on Friday, November 13th and is valid up to and including Thursday, November 19, 2015.

ArkivDigital

New Records in ArkivDigital

During October, many new records have been added to ArkivDigital’s online library. We have added not only Swedish records but records from Kansas in the United States and Åland, Finland.

We mentioned previously about our photographing activities in Kansas in the blog, Swedish American Church Books from Kansas, USA. Only a small portion of the Kansas Swedish American church books are online today. Much more will be added in the near future.

Earlier, we have photographed many documents from Åland in Finland. However, we did not photograph the seamen house records.  Currently, we are photographing and publishing records from Mariehamn’s seamen house and Vårdö’s seamen house. New material is being added regularly. Read about our Åland records here.

As for the Swedish records, our focus has been on the estate inventories. A few weeks ago we published a blog giving a status on the availability of estate inventories in ArkivDigital. Click here to read the blog. Since then, we now have completed adding all the estate inventories for Göteborgs och Bohus, Norrbotten and Västernorrland counties up to and including 1930 and for Stockholm city up to and including 1921.

Military records that have recently been added include more documents from the so-called C-byrån, which covered military intelligence outside of Sweden during the Second World War along with more military pension documents. More information about the pension documents will be published in a future blog.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital