Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Marriage Record Example

Marriage record readingBringetofta BI:2 (1751-1839) Image 298 / page 589 (AID: v33277.b298.s589, NAD: SE/VALA/00047)  Link.

Many people at conferences have asked for more record transcriptions.  Today’s blog presents an example of a marriage record with a transcription and an English translation.

Above is a marriage record from Bringetofta parish in Jönköping. The content and format of a marriage record varies by time and minister. In most records, you will find the dates of banns for the marriage, marriage date and names of the bridal couple. The above marriage record is for Petter Andersson and Catharina Pehrsdotter who were married on the 26th of May in 1806 in Bringetofta parish.

This minister noted the following information in the marriage record: entry number, date of first banns, groom’s name and place of residence, bride’s name and residence, marriage date, minister’s name and information about the morning gift.

Transcription
N.9  Den 26 april utfärdades Lysning för Drängen Petter
Andersson i Drageryd Mellang. och Pigan Catharina
Pehrsdtr i Drageryd Mellang.
Vigde den 26 Maj 1806 And. Ljung
Morgongåfva efter Lag

English Translation
Number 9.  On the 26th of April, the marriage banns were issued for farmhand Petter Andersson living at Drageryd Mellangården and maid Catharina Pehrsdotter living at Drageryd Mellangården. Married on the 26th of May 1806 (by) Anders Ljung.
Morning gift according to the law.

While most of the text includes dates and names of persons and places, there are a few Swedish words that are common in many marriage records. Below are the common Swedish words with the English translations;

Swedish       English
den                  on the
drängen          the farmhand
efter lag          according to the law
för                    for
i                        in, at
lag                    law
lysning            banns
morgongåfva  morning gift
och                   and
pigan               the maid
utfärdade        issued

Additional Comments
Before a marriage was performed, the couple’s intention to get married was announced three times and these postings are called banns of marriage. If no objections were presented to the marriage, the couple was free to marry. The marriage records are organized in chronological order by the banns date.

It was customary, and for a period of time the law, for the groom to present his bride a morning gift (morgongåfva) at the marriage which was hers to keep forever. It could not be legally shared with her children as other parts of the estate at the time of her husband’s death.  Many times the marriage record will note the actual  morning gift that was given to the bride or as in this record the notation was recorded as “morgongåfva efter lag” or morning gift according to the law.

Click here to see more examples of marriage records.

ArkivDigital

Unusual Death in 1877

hiccupsFränninge FI:2 (1862-1894) Image 840 / page 81 (AID: v109380a.b840.s81, NAD: SE/LLA/13095) Link.

In most of the Swedish death records you will find the cause of death. In the records closer to current times, the exact cause of death is written. Often earlier it was the priest or a relative who stated what the person died from and sometimes what was recorded was the symptom versus the actual cause of death.

The tenant farmer Per Jönsson’s daughter, Johanna, from Starraps Ora in Fränninge parish in Malmöhus county died at the age of seven months and twenty days. Her cause of death is recorded as hicka or in English, hiccups, as shown in the above image.

In the Guinness World Records for 2010, it is recorded that the American Charles Osborne hiccupped for nearly his entire life. His hiccupping began in 1922 and did not stop until 68 years later, a year before his death.  During the first years, he hiccupped about 40 times per minute but towards the end only half as often. It is estimated that he hiccupped 430 million times during his life.
(Source: Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiccup)

Read the article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

General Muster Roll Column Headings

In a previous blog, we presented some information about the general muster rolls in ArkivDigital, the most commonly used records for military research. In this blog, we will present an English translation of the headings on the muster roll that are shown in the image below.

soldier recordGeneralmönsterrullor – Hälsinge regemente 703 (1863-1863) Image 440 (AID: v374522.b440, NAD: SE/KrA/0023) Link.

The column heading showing the soldier’s name in Swedish is:
Manskapets förra och nuvarande namn, födelseort och tid, antagningsdatum, samt sedan sista General-Mönstring med detsamma skedda förändringar.

English
Soldier’s previous and current name, birth place and date, service entry date, together with the changes since the last general muster roll.

Below are the other column headings:

Swedish                                                                                    English
Nummer.                                                                                     Number
Regementet                                                                                Regiment
Kompaniet                                                                                  Company
Rotarnes Namn och belägenhet.                                           Name and place of  rote
Lefnadsår.                                                                                  Age
Tjensteår vid annat regemente.                                            Service years at another regiment
Summa tjensteår.                                                                     Total Service Years
Längd.                                                                                         Height
Fot.                                                                                               Feet
Tum.                                                                                            Inch
Gift eller ogift.                                                                           Married or unmarried

Sista General-Mönstrings annotationer.                 Last general muster inspection notes.
Närvarande General-Mönstrings anteckningar.  Current general muster inspection notes

ArkivDigital

Research in Stockholm City 1878-1926

A question that is often asked at conferences and lectures is, “Why are there not any household examination books for Stockholm city parishes at the end of the 1800’s?”  The answer is simple. No household examination records were produced so they do not exist.

Researching in the cities is a little different from researching in the rural areas. And Stockholm research has some unique challenges because of the non-existence of the household examination records beginning in the late 1870’s.   Instead of the household examination books and congregation books for the years 1878-1926, there exists a population register in Stockholm called the roteman’s archive (rotemansarkivet).

Stockholm grew rapidly during the second half of the 19th century and it was common for individuals to frequently move. In order to maintain an accurate population register, a new municipal organization was created called the Roteman’s Institution (rotemansinstitutionen). Stockholm was divided into a number of districts called rotar.  In each district or rote, there was a city employee (roteman) responsible for recording the population statistics.  All who lived in a real estate property (fastighet) were registered in a special ledger.

Currently, the Stockholm City Archives is in the process of digitizing these records and making the material searchable online for free at the Stockholm City Archives site.  While not all the records have been registered, much has been completed and is now available online. This is an extremely valuable resource for Stockholm research. However, it is important to remember that this is a register and there is always a possibility of an error.

Other church books such as the birth, marriage, death, moving in and moving out records exist for Stockholm parishes and these are found in ArkivDigital. The moving in/out records for Stockholm are a very good source because these often contain more information than the moving in/out records for rural areas.

As in other cities, there are many parishes in Stockholm and not all have Stockholm in their name. Therefore, it is sometimes difficult to identify which parishes exist in the city of Stockholm. You can create a list of Stockholm city only parishes by doing the following:

  1. In ArkivDigital, click on the advanced options search button
  2. Select county, Stockholm stads
  3. Select archive type, parish/congregation

stockholm city research

To search in the roteman’s archive on the Stockholm’s city archives site, click here.  Click on the English flag for the English version.

ArkivDigital

 

Visit ArkivDigital at RootsTech 2015

ArkivDigital_logo_rgb (1)

RootsTech 2015, North America’s largest family history and technology conference, will be held February 12-14, 2015 at the Salt Palace Convention Center in Salt Lake City, Utah.

ArkivDigital will be an exhibitor and Kathy Meade, the North American representative, will give a presentation, Research Your Swedish Ancestors in Living Color Using ArkivDigital, on Friday, February 13th.

If you plan to attend the conference, please stop by our booth #727 and enter a drawing to win special door prizes plus answers to your questions about ArkivDigital and Swedish genealogy.   Learn more about RootsTech 2015.

Check our calendar for other events in North America.

ArkivDigital

 

Research Your Swedish Heritage in Living Color Using ArkivDigital Webinar

logobok

Kathy Meade of ArkivDigital will be the presenter for a webinar sponsored by the Wisconsin State Genealogical Society on Tuesday, January 20th at 7:00 PM Central Standard Time.

The title of the presentation is “Researching Your Swedish Heritage in Living Color Using ArkivDigital”. Click here to register.

The live webinar is free.  After registering, you will receive an email with information and a link to join on the night of the webinar and handout information.  This is a first come first served webinar.  Registering does not hold a spot for you.  Those that log in first will be admitted to the webinar.  The live webinar is limited to 100 attendees.

The archived webinar will be available to members of the Wisconsin State Genealogical Society.

ArkivDigital

Christmas 1814 – Birth Record Reading Example

All of us at ArkivDigital wish you much success in your genealogy research and best wishes for a wonderful holiday season!

In this blog, you will find a record reading example for a birth record on Christmas Day 200 years ago. It is for a female child, Märta, born on Christmas Day in Arvika landsförsamling in Värmland county in 1814.

Christmasimage

Arvika landsförsamling CI:7 (1809-1827) Image 49 / page 87 (AID: v4798.b49.s87, NAD: SE/VA/13011) Link

The format of this birth record is divided into five columns. The first column gives the birth date, December 25th and the second column the baptismal date, December 26th.

The text section gives the residence, names of the child’s parents and the names of the baptismal witnesses.

Transcription of Main Text
W. Sund: Par: Drängen Brynte Persson och pigan Anna Hindriksdotter, Testes – Per Bengtsson och Nils Andersson samt Hustrurna Karin Persdotter och Maria Andersdotter från V. Sund.

Translation of Main Text
Västra Sund: Parents: Farmhand Brynte Persson and maid Anna Hindriksdotter, Witnesses – Per Bengtsson and Nils Andersson along with wives Karin Persdotter and Maria Andersdotter from Västra Sund.

The next column states the age range for the mother and in this case the mother’s age is between 25 and 30 years.

The last column on the right gives the child’s name, Märta. The letters, “o:ä” are an abbreviation for oäkta or illegitimate child. Note, in this record the name of the father is given whereas in most cases during this time period the father’s name is not shown in the birth record for an illegitimate child.

Additional Tips
Notice that the residence, Västra Sund, is abbreviated as W. Sund for the child’s birth residence and V. Sund for the witnesses’ residence. The letters and V and W were often interchanged. Often a place name that begins with Västra (West) will be abbreviated with a W or V as shown in the above record. 

It is important to note the place name where the child’s family lived because you will need that to locate the family in the corresponding household examination book. In this case, you will find the mother and child at the following reference near the bottom of the page: Arvika landsförsamling AI:8 (1811-1816) Image 119 / page 113 (AID: v9544.b119.s113, NAD: SE/VA/13011).  Link

You will often find Latin words in Swedish church books especially in the earlier years. In this birth record, there are two Latin terms:

  1. Par. – an abbreviation for the Latin word, parentes or parents in English
  2. Testes – witnesses

See more birth record examples.

ArkivDigital