ArkivDigital’s Product Catalog and Coverage Table

As of today, ArkivDigital online offers more than 75 million newly photographed color images or over 150 million pages of Swedish historical records.

Have you looked at our product catalog or one-page overview (coverage table) of records within ArkivDigital? The product catalog and coverage table are published both in English and Swedish. These documents are updated monthly.

In the product catalog you get an overview of our digital archive; it lets you take a closer look at what materials we have from specific counties and time periods. You can also see what materials we will be filming within the near future.

The coverage table is a one-page summary of the photographing status of the major collections by county.

coverage table

Go directly to the English product catalog (pdf link).

Go directly to the English coverage table (pdf link).

Note - If you have trouble with the English links, go to the following link and you will find links to the product catalog and coverage table on the bottom right side of the page. Link.

Go directly to the Swedish product catalog (pdf link).

Go directly to the Swedish coverage table (pdf link).

Note – if you have trouble with the Swedish links go to the following link and click on produktkatalog  or täckningstabell on the bottom right side of the page. Link.

Remember this:
The product catalog is meant to give an overview of the material available in ArkivDigital online. Even if a material is listed as finished, there can still be some volumes missing, for example due to books being too damaged to photograph. Furthermore, we also have a large range of materials photographed which are not listed in the product catalog. If we listed every single volume, the catalog would be too extensive.

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Many tax registers in ArkivDigital

Old tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) may not sound like a particular exciting research source. And many who look at tax registers are not easily impressed. Mostly just names, columns and numbers.

However, as we go back in time, the information in the household records becomes less detailed and the household records often do not exist in the late 1700’s or in prior times. It is at this time that the tax registers become a valuable source for the family researcher. Particularly useful are the tax or population registers (mantalslängderna), which begin around 1630.

The tax registers or population registers were created annually and are, like the household records, organized topographically by parish and village or farm. A single volume does not say so much. But when one follows the registers through a succession of years, one can follow developments and changes on a farm or village. This data can then be combined with the birth, marriage and death records, and often one can see the changes within a family nearly as clearly as if the household records had been preserved. The information in the tax registers or population registers varies over time and in different areas of the country.

tax register october 2017At the time around the change of the century between the 1700’s and 1800’s, there is often good information in the columns in the tax register. In the above tax register which refers to Nätra parish in the year, 1803, you will columns for taxes referring to pocket watches (fickur) (gold or silver) and the use of silk (sidentyg).

In ArkivDigital, you can find tax registers or population registers for all of Sweden from the beginning up until the 1800’s (often 1820). Several copies of tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) were created and they are preserved in different archives. Thus, they can sometimes be difficult to find.

The first series are found with the local authorities. You can search for these in the following archives in the English interface in ArkivDigital:

  • District registrar (Swedish – häradsskrivare)
  • Alternative archives
    • Kronokamrer
    • Kronokassör
    • Mantalskontor
    • Taxation Authority (Swedish – Uppbördsverk)
    • Kommunalborgmästare
    • Crown bailiff (Swedish – kronofogde)

The second series is at the regional level or county level in the regional archives or search for the country archives in the English interface.

The third series are at the national level in Stockholm. In the English interface, search in the chamber archive. Or you can enter mantalslängder 1642–1820 or länsräkenskaper in the search box. For Stockholm city, you can find population registers and other tax register in the Överståthållarämbetets archive.

Concerning the third series of the tax registers or population registers those named Mantalslängder 1642-1820, we are prioritizing photographing volumes for the counties and years that are missing in the other series. This is an ongoing project and more volumes will be added online. For the first two series, the photographing is now complete.

ArkivDigital is working currently to make it simpler to find all these tax or population registers.

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Place Names in the Church Books

Place names in the church books can be names of farms, villages, parishes, counties, countries, abbreviations or even Latin terms.

At a recent conference in North America, the following question was asked: What are the birth places for Fredrik Leopold Hartung and members of his family as shown in the household record in Ystads Sankta Maria parish in Malmöhus county for the years 1882-1887?  Below is the record in question which is an example of a record with various types of place names.

hartungYstads Sankta Maria (M) AI:49 (1882-1887) Image 205 / page 1084 (AID: v111988.b205.s1084, NAD: SE/LLA/13489) Link.

Line 1 – Skomakeriarb. (Shoemaker worker) Fredrik Leopold Hartung’s birth place is Tyskland or Germany. In this case, the birth place is a name of a country. Tyskland is Swedish for Germany.

Line 2 – Hu (an abbreviation for hustru or wife) Charlotta Josefina Klein’s birth place is shown as YSM. This is an abbreviation of the parish, Ystads Sankta Maria. You will find her birth record at the following reference in ArkivDigital: Ystads Sankta Maria (M) C:11 (1827-1845) Image 42 / page 38 (AID: v112010.b42.s38, NAD: SE/LLA/13489).

Note – Her birth date is actually the 20th of April 1834 versus  April 4,1834 as shown in the household record. That will be another blog in the future to show how the correct birth record was found.

Line 3 – Son Carl Fredrik’s, porslinsmål. or abbreviation for porslinsmålare or porcelain painter, birth place is noted as ibm. Ibm is a Latin abbreviation for ibidem or in the same place. In this case, he was born in the same place that was noted above for his mother or Ystads Sankta Maria parish. You will find his birth record in ArkivDigital at the following reference:  Ystads Sankta Maria (M) C:17 (1863-1872) Image 187 / page 184 (AID: v112016.b187.s184, NAD: SE/LLA/13489)

Line 4 – Foster daughter, Charlotta Pettersson and her birth place is noted as YSP or Ystads Sankt Petri. Her birth record can be found in ArkivDigital at the following reference: Ystads Sankt Petri (M) C:8 (1877-1884) Image 30 / page 28 (AID: v111936.b30.s28, NAD: SE/LLA/13490).

In the above household record, we discovered place names in the following formats:

  • Name of a country
  • An abbreviation of a parish name
  • Latin term

ArkivDigital

English Product Catalog

product catalogArkivDigital has photographed over 61 million images of the Swedish historical records. For those who would like to see an overview of the contents of our extensive online archive, we wish to point out our product catalog. The product catalog is available both in Swedish and English. .

The product catalog is organized county by county and presents an overview of the types of documents and for what years that have been published for each county. In addition, the catalog mentions what documents are currently being photographed.

The product catalog should be viewed as a high-level overview at what is available in ArkivDigital. Even if certain documents are mentioned as being complete, individual documents might be missing such as in cases where they have been too damaged to be filmed.  In addition we have filmed many additional documents that are not listed in the catalog because it would be too extensive to include everything.

You will find the English product catalog on our English home page, www.arkivdigital.net. Click on the link “Product Catalog” on the right side of the page in order to open the catalog.

You will find the Swedish version of the product catalog as a PDF file at www.arkivdigital.se/online. Click on the link ”Produktkatalog” on the right side of the page to open the catalog.

ArkivDigital

Spies in Stockholm during the 1940’s

 

spies in Stockholm
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 550 / page 1 (AID: v788124.b550.s1, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

There is often a strange mystique around certain cities such as Casablanca, Istanbul, and Lisbon. Maybe this is because of the roll they played during the Second World War: neutral places where spies, diplomats and others from warring counties could meet in secret.

Further north one finds another such city: Stockholm. Many persons were drawn here also during the war to meet discreetly at restaurants and in parks.  Microfilms were hidden in the heels of shoes. Envelopes were discreetly exchanged. The Swedish intelligence service was under much pressure to keep up with all these covert activities.

For those who are fascinated by this exciting period of history, you can now find the espionage court protocols (Avdelningen för spionmål)) from the Stockholm city court for the years 1939 to 1946 in ArkivDigital. To find these records, enter “spion” in the search box.  One can find notes such as these in the records as shown in the above image.

Måndagen den 30 november 1942 klockan 18.50 blev svenske medborgaren f.d. direktören John Helge Walter anhållen på Vasagatan utanför hotell Continentel … enär det konstaterats, att direktör Walter vid upprepade tillfällen besökt brittiske marinattachén, captain Henry Denham, i dennes bostad n:r 46 Riddargatan.”

On Monday, the 30th of November 1942 at 6:50 in the evening, Swedish citizen Director John Helge Walter was taken into custody on Vasagatan outside the Hotel Continental…. since it had been established that Director Walter had repeatedly visited the British naval captain, Henry Denhem at his residence, 46 Riddargatan.”

As one reads further one discovers that Director Walter was searched at the station and 20,000 Swedish kronor in cash was found in one of his pant pockets plus more cash in his briefcase. In his wallet two typed questionnaires in English were found. The image below shows some of the English questions.

2nd spy document
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 560 / page 2 (AID: v788124.b560.s2, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Swedish American Church documents provide genealogical information

 

hanepictureWe have written previously about the Swedish American church books in ArkivDigital. (See previous blog entry). Besides the church books, there are anniversary documents for many congregations and these publications often contain historical information about the congregation’s founding as well as genealogical information about some of the early church members. This information can help one jump the pond and trace the family in the Swedish church books. For many North Americans, one source for finding out where their ancestor came from in Sweden is often a Swedish American church book.

One interesting document is the one produced for the Centennial Anniversary of the Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bucklin, Missouri in 1970. Here you will find historical information for several families. One example is for Andrew Fredrick Hane’s family.

The text below states that he was born on “June 23, 1828 in Ostergutland, Sweden” and that he immigrated to American in 1880 with his wife Maria, born on “October 15, 1840, Grosmark, Varmland, Sweden” with four children. At the top of the page, you will find an image of Andrew, Maria and a child.

andrewhanetext
Bucklin Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church, Missouri, USA Vol:1 (1870-1970) Image 13 / page 13 (AID: v811754.b13.s13) Link.

We can find information about the family in the Swedish church books by using Maria as our starting point. The text provides information about Maria’s birth date, birth parish and immigration year. When one looks at the American records, often there is an Americanization of Swedish person and place names. In this case Grosmark, Varmland refers to Gräsmark, Värmland. As well, the county of Östergotland was spelled Ostergutland.

To search for Maria in the Swedish church books, we will begin by looking for her birth record.

  • Go to the search window.
  • Select the county archive and select Värmland.
  • Select the parish, Gräsmark.
  • Look for the birth volume that contains the year 1840.
  • Search for a birth record for Maria on October 15, 1840.
  • You will find record at the following reference: Gräsmark CI:5 (1838-1859) Image 18 / page 29 (AID: v6598.b18.s29, NAD: SE/VA/13165) (Link).

By tracing Maria in the church books forward, you will find that she marries Anders Fredrik Hane and they have several children and in 1880 the family immigrates to North American from Skedevi, Östergotland. You can see the notation about the move to North America in the household record shown below.

hane moving out recordSkedevi AI:25 (1880-1887) Image 128 / page 118 (AID: v29036.b128.s118, NAD: SE/VALA/00332) Link.

ArkivDigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Marriage Record Example

Marriage record readingBringetofta BI:2 (1751-1839) Image 298 / page 589 (AID: v33277.b298.s589, NAD: SE/VALA/00047)  Link.

Many people at conferences have asked for more record transcriptions.  Today’s blog presents an example of a marriage record with a transcription and an English translation.

Above is a marriage record from Bringetofta parish in Jönköping. The content and format of a marriage record varies by time and minister. In most records, you will find the dates of banns for the marriage, marriage date and names of the bridal couple. The above marriage record is for Petter Andersson and Catharina Pehrsdotter who were married on the 26th of May in 1806 in Bringetofta parish.

This minister noted the following information in the marriage record: entry number, date of first banns, groom’s name and place of residence, bride’s name and residence, marriage date, minister’s name and information about the morning gift.

Transcription
N.9  Den 26 april utfärdades Lysning för Drängen Petter
Andersson i Drageryd Mellang. och Pigan Catharina
Pehrsdtr i Drageryd Mellang.
Vigde den 26 Maj 1806 And. Ljung
Morgongåfva efter Lag

English Translation
Number 9.  On the 26th of April, the marriage banns were issued for farmhand Petter Andersson living at Drageryd Mellangården and maid Catharina Pehrsdotter living at Drageryd Mellangården. Married on the 26th of May 1806 (by) Anders Ljung.
Morning gift according to the law.

While most of the text includes dates and names of persons and places, there are a few Swedish words that are common in many marriage records. Below are the common Swedish words with the English translations;

Swedish       English
den                  on the
drängen          the farmhand
efter lag          according to the law
för                    for
i                        in, at
lag                    law
lysning            banns
morgongåfva  morning gift
och                   and
pigan               the maid
utfärdade        issued

Additional Comments
Before a marriage was performed, the couple’s intention to get married was announced three times and these postings are called banns of marriage. If no objections were presented to the marriage, the couple was free to marry. The marriage records are organized in chronological order by the banns date.

It was customary, and for a period of time the law, for the groom to present his bride a morning gift (morgongåfva) at the marriage which was hers to keep forever. It could not be legally shared with her children as other parts of the estate at the time of her husband’s death.  Many times the marriage record will note the actual  morning gift that was given to the bride or as in this record the notation was recorded as “morgongåfva efter lag” or morning gift according to the law.

Click here to see more examples of marriage records.

ArkivDigital

Unusual Death in 1877

hiccupsFränninge FI:2 (1862-1894) Image 840 / page 81 (AID: v109380a.b840.s81, NAD: SE/LLA/13095) Link.

In most of the Swedish death records you will find the cause of death. In the records closer to current times, the exact cause of death is written. Often earlier it was the priest or a relative who stated what the person died from and sometimes what was recorded was the symptom versus the actual cause of death.

The tenant farmer Per Jönsson’s daughter, Johanna, from Starraps Ora in Fränninge parish in Malmöhus county died at the age of seven months and twenty days. Her cause of death is recorded as hicka or in English, hiccups, as shown in the above image.

In the Guinness World Records for 2010, it is recorded that the American Charles Osborne hiccupped for nearly his entire life. His hiccupping began in 1922 and did not stop until 68 years later, a year before his death.  During the first years, he hiccupped about 40 times per minute but towards the end only half as often. It is estimated that he hiccupped 430 million times during his life.
(Source: Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiccup)

Read the article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital