Skånska Documents from the Danish Period

Skåne’s Genealogical Society (Skånes Genealogiska Förbund abbreviated SGF) was established in 1937. In the beginning most of the research was focused on the nobility, the church ministers and the bourgeois. A greater interest in genealogy developed in the 1950’s and 1960’s when the Swedish church books were microfilmed. In the 1970’s and 1980’s, one was able to borrow microfilms from other parts of the country. But in Skåne if one wanted to research before 1658, (the time before Skåne was part of Sweden), one had to travel to Copenhagen where some documents were available at the Danish National Archives (Rigsarkivet). During the 1980s, the board of SGF repeatedly held discussions about the possibility of establishing a society archive. The thought was to acquire copies of important and difficult to access Skånska archival documents. These thoughts became reality in 1980 when a monetary grant was received to make photocopies of documents concerning Skåne that were preserved in the Danish National Archives. In addition, a number of documents stored at the Swedish National Archives were also copied.

skane documents

Link to record.

Approximately 20,000 paper copies were copied and also some documents in Stockholm that were not available in Skåne formed the SGF archive. This archive was created before the age of digitization. A catalog was created in book form listing the archive contents so that copies of these documents could be ordered.

A few years ago, the Skåne Genealogical Society changed their Swedish name from Skånes Genealogiska Förbund to Skånes Släktforskarförbund (abbreviated SkSF) and changed the archive name to SkSF archive. At the Skåne Genealogical’s Society’s meeting in 2016 a motion was made to digitize these materials and ArkivDigital was asked if they would scan the paper copies and make them available.

land book denmark1604 Land register from Asmundtorp. AID:v880266.b270.s27

The material consists mostly of tax registers and land registers from the 1500’s and 1600’s but there are also other documents. In 1676, Denmark occupied parts of Skåne and quickly created tax registers for those parts of Sweden that they took back. There were even rolls listing the friskytta (fighters) who fought for the Danish king.

skane muster roll

Muster roll for Captain Eskils Nielsen’s company friskyttar, mustered in Helsingborg on July 10,1679. AID:v880383.b630.s63

To access the material (note these are scanned paper copies and not photographs of the original documents), search for Skånes Släktforskarförbund archive. Keep in mind that the county division was different during the Danish time. For example. there were both Helsingborg and Landskrona counties, as well as some smaller counties. A register of parishes and towns is in the process of being prepared to facilitate searching.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Catechetical records in the diocese of Lund

As part of the Peace Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, Skåne and Blekinge were ceded to Sweden from Denmark. There was a transitional period where the population could continue to use the Danish language before Swedish was required as the official language. The catechetical records are an important source for reviewing the transition from the Danish language to Swedish.

By 1683, the transitional period was mainly over and the Swedish language had been introduced in practically all of  Skåne and Blekinge. In particular this is clearly shown in the court books. But we even see this in the church books especially in the catechetical books.

In the catechetical records, you will see the person’s name, age, notations about their religious understanding and in some records the language they spoke. These records show the transition from Danish to Swedish. Also, in some records, there will be a notation of the person’s place of birth.

You will find the catechetical records for the diocese of Lund (Skåne and Blekinge) in the respective parish archive noted as Kat.1 catechetical records.

lund catecheticalStrövelstorp Kat:1 (1692-1780) Image 11 / page 457 (AID: v115908.b11.s457, NAD: SE/LLA/13377) Link.

In the above image we see the following:

In Kärra number 1 in Strövelstorp parish in Skåne, the following persons live there in 1721:

Påhl Jönsson, born in Höja, 53 years old
wife Elina, born in the same place (Höja), 29 years old
son Jöns, born in Strövelstorp, 24 years old
son Pär, born in the same place (Strövelstorp), 22 years old
maid  Bengta, born in the same place  (Strövelstorp), 20 years old

In Kärra number 2 lives:
Pär Pärsson, born in Ausås, 76 years old
daughter Sissa, born in Strövelstorp, 55 years old

This record is particularly interesting because there is a column on the right, Tungsmåhlet, which states what language the person speaks. All at Kärra number 1 and daughter Sissa at number 2 speak Swedish, but Par Pärsson speaks Danish. He is 76 years old and was born around 1645 which was during the Danish period.

The original article was published in Swedish on April 17, 2014. Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital