Certificate of Poverty (Fattigbevis) in Stockholm City

certificate of povertyStockholms rådhusrätt 1:a avdelning EIId:31 (1903-1904) Image 150 / page 8 (AID: v494721.b150.s8, NAD: SE/SSA/0145a) Link.

In the Stockholm city court archives (Stockholms rådhusrätts arkiv), you will find volumes named certificate of poverty (fattigbevis) in addition to estate inventories (bouppteckningar). For individuals who didn’t have any assets at the time of their death, the heirs would submit a certificate of poverty (fattigbevis) to the court.

The above image is an example of a certificate of poverty for Johan Albin Haughton who died on the 7th of February 1903 at the age of 31 years, 2 months and 9 days. His widow submitted a certificate of poverty.

Boet uppgafs af den aflidnes enka under edlig förpliktelse, att detsamma vid dödstillfället befans i ett sådant skick, att begrafningsomkostnaderna och skulder öfverstego tillgångarne.

Under oath, the widow of the deceased stated that the deceased’s estate at the time of his death was in such a bad state that the burial costs and debts exceeded the assets.

The primary difference between an estate inventory and a certificate of poverty is that there is no detailed inventory of the assets and debts in a certificate of poverty other than a statement noting that the debts were greater than the assets. However, the largest benefit for a researcher is that the heirs of the deceased are named like they are in an estate inventory. If you can’t find an estate inventory for a person, you should investigate or determine if a certificate of poverty was preserved.

The certificates of poverty for Stockholm city court are found in these archives:

  1. Stockholms rådhusrätt 1:a avdelningen. Certificate of poverty (Fattigbevis) for the years 1756-1924 are included in the EIId series.
  2. Stockholms rådhusrätt, bouppteckningsaved. Certificate of poverty (Fattigbevis) for the years 1925-1933 are included in the E3 series.

In both archives, you will find special name register volumes for the certificates of poverty. In some of the certificate of poverty volumes, you will find in addition a separate register for the actual volume/actual year.

Read more about the certificates of poverty.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

SCB extracts 1925-1945

The birth, marriage and death extracts from Statistiska centralbyråns (SCB or Bureau of Central Statistics) for the years 1925 to 1945 are now available in ArkivDigital.

The SCB extracts are organized by county and year. This means that we have been able to photograph all parishes through the year 1945. The law of privacy in Sweden prohibits us from photographing some records that are younger than 70 years or for years later than 1945. This also includes church books where the final year in the book is for records later than 1945. Thus if a birth book includes the years 1930 to 1950, we are not allowed to photograph that book because some of the records are protected by the privacy law. In these cases where the original birth, marriage or death books are not available for the years 1925 to 1945, you may wish to look in the SCB extracts.

You will find the SCB extracts in the archive with the long name, Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen. The easiest way to find this archive is to enter “SCB” in the search box and you will be directed to the archive.  Each volume specifies which county and year it covers. If nothing else is mentioned, the volume includes birth, marriage and death records for that year. In other cases there may be an abbreviation specifying the types of records the volume includes. The abbreviations are: fbu (birth records), vbu (marriage records) and dbu (death records).

skaraborg scb

Each volume consists of many images and therefore can take a few minutes to locate the correct parish. We are well aware of this problem and are working on creating a register for the SCB extracts so that one can select a parish and year and go directly to the image.

The SCB extracts are based on transcriptions sent by each parish to the Bureau of Central Statistics. One should be conscious that these are secondary sources and there could be errors and that these records do not contain all the information that is included in the original church book records.

deathscbStatistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen  H1AA:2656 (1929-1929) Image 10 (AID: v816233.b10, NAD: SE/RA/42040101) Link.
First page in the SCB extract for Vänersnäs (Skaraborg county) death book for 1929.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Photographing of modern church books complete for several counties

varmland 1945

 At the end of January, ArkivDigital began photographing the modern church books up to the time of the law of privacy limits, currently 1945 (See earlier blog entry). We are happy to announce that we have now completed the photographing for Stockholm, Jämtland, and Gotland counties. In early February, the modern church books for Värmland were added to the online archive.

New volumes of modern church books are continually being added. Currently we are focusing on photographing the books in Blekinge, Halland, Kristianstad, Malmöhus, Västmanland, Kopparberg and Kronoberg counties.

Concerning the privacy limits, we wish to clarify that if a book contains years that are protected by the privacy law, we cannot photograph it. For example if a death and burial book covers the years 1895-1950, we are not able to photograph this book since the book contains years that are protected by the privacy law. The moving in and out registers along with the banns and marriage books are an exception to this rule. Generally, these records are not protected by strict confidentiality so we can often photograph these records even if they include information after 1945.

Finally, we would also like to mention a few words about the birth and baptismal books.  In these books it is common that notes may be added to a record, for example a note relating to an adoption, often decades after the event. The 70 year privacy law begins from the date of the last inserted note. This means that we do not currently have the opportunity to photograph some of the birth and baptismal books even though they do not contain any birth records for persons born after 1945.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Good News: Soon more modern church books!

Pressrelease-moderna-kyrkböcker-jan-2016

ArkivDigital will soon begin to photograph the modern church books up to the time of the law of privacy which prohibits some church books younger than 70 years from being published online (currently 1945). This has become possible thanks to a change in a previous decision made by the Swedish National Archives which prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935.

“We are extremely pleased with this decision,” said Mikael Karlsson, Managing Director of ArkivDigital. “We will immediately redirect our photographing resources, so that we can make the modern church books available to our customers as soon as possible.”

We will first focus on photographing the congregation books, moving in and out registers along with the birth, marriage and death books primarily from the 1930’s and 1940’s.

Link to blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Research in Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö (church books burned)

voxtorpimage1Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 20 (AID: v299119.b20, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

It is a great disappointment for a researcher to discover that many of the church books do not exist for the parish his or her ancestor came from. Sometimes there are gaps in the records or an entire series is missing. Sometimes, one knows the reason why the records no longer exist such as a fire but sometimes there is only a note saying the there are no records.

If your ancestors are from Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes in Småland, you will be initially disappointed  because many of the church books were destroyed in a fire in 1869. A story is told that the minister’s maid was in the parsonage cooking pork over the open fireplace. Someone called out for assistance because a cow was calving. The maid ran to help and completely forgot about the pork and the open fire.  While the maid was helping with the calving, the fire spread and the parsonage and the church books burned. By luck a few books and household records from 1861 were preserved as well as the birth, marriage and death books for 1825-1860 for Värnamo parish.

But just because the church books no longer exist does not mean that one cannot research further. One should look for other documents. There may be some tax registers, court records and estate inventories that are available. It may take some time and it is not always easy to research in these documents, but with a little patience one can find some additional information.

Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes are located in Östbo härad or district and it is sometimes said that “an accident seldom comes alone”.  There was a fire at the  Östbo district court in 1834.  This means that there are no estate inventories, court records or other documents in that archive that can be used.  Fortunately  for the court records, there are extracts or duplicate records. The court was required to make  extracts or copies of the original court records and submit it to the Göta Court of Appeals once a year.   In ArkivDigital’s online library, these are available only for the years 1603 to 1750 for Östbo härad (some gaps do exist).

What now remains for that time period are the tax registers/population registers (mantalslängderna). These were produced each year and while they are not as detailed as the household records, one can easily follow a family on a farm year by year. The more recent one comes in time,  the more information one finds in the population registers.

We hope to photograph the population registers and other documents for the parishes where the church books are missing. For some parishes we have already done this. In ArkivDigital population registers for Östbo härad are now available up to and including 1861. Actually, this is the only way one can do family research for Värnamo, Voxtorp and Tånnö parishes.

In ArkivDigital, you can find these populations registers:

  • 1686-1820 (gaps exist) in Jönköping läns landskontor.
  • 1758-1861 (gaps exist) in Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

To search in the Jönköping läns landskontor archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, country office.
  • Select Jönköping läns landskontor.

To search in the Häradsskrivaren in Östbo fögderi archive using the English interface:

  • Go to ArkivDigital search.
  • Select advance options.
  • Select archive type, district registrar.
  • Select Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi.

voxtorpimage3Häradsskrivaren i Östbo fögderi FIa:25 (1850-1851) Image 2770 (AID: v299119.b2770, NAD: SE/VALA/01961) Link.

The image above is the population register for Värnamo in 1850 showing Alandsryd Skattegård.  Anders Jönsson (born 1800) and his wife (hustru) born 1805 together with Johan (born 1837), Isak (born 1844), Anna (born 1833), Stina (born 1840) and farmhand (dräng) Johan (born 1832) are shown as living in the first section of the farm listing.  Following is the  lodger(inhyses), Jöns (born 1767) and his wife (born 1785). Seeing that Anders last name is Jönsson, it is possible that the lodger, Jöns, and his wife are his parents.

One can’t conclude that this is correct without researching more records. Maybe it’s his father, but Jöns wife is probably not the mother because she would have been only 15 when Anders was born. Maybe Jöns remarried or it may be Anders wife’s parents or even someone completely different. More research is necessary before one can resolve the mystery.

Link to blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Rosenstein and his Wife 1803

manskog drawingMangskog AI:6 (1786-1789) Image 84 / page 97 (AID: v12112.b84.s97, NAD: SE/VA/13359) Link.

The household examination records are a treasure for the Swedish researcher. These records were updated yearly and contain much detail about each household member. Using the household records along with other church book records, one can often trace a person’s whereabouts from birth to death or birth to emigration.

But occasionally as you browse through a book, you may be surprised to see a drawing or an image that will cause you to smile or even laugh.  Above is an image in the Mangskog household book (1786-1789) titled, “Rosenstein och hans Fru 1803” or “Rosenstein and his wife 1803”.

One wonders why the minister drew the picture of this couple or maybe his children found the book and made the drawings. You will find more delightful drawings in this book. Take a look on the following pages: 9, 12, 21, 42, 49, 61, 78, 135, 146 and finally the horses on page 152.

See blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

4 Wives in 4 Years! What is the story?

Four wivesFjelie AI:5 (1826-1831) Image 185 / page 182 (AID: v109258.b185.s182, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.

We previously posted a blog (previous blog entry) about Nils Nilsson from Fjelie parish who had four wives in four years as shown in the above household record image. We have received several questions asking what were the marriage dates and the causes of death for the deceased wives.

Below are the answers to the questions as well as the sources for the information.

Wife #1
Nils Nilsson married Sissa  Persdotter on the 26th of June 1825 and she died on the 26th of January 1827 from tuberculosis (lungsot).

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 103 / page 193 (AID: v109307.b103.s193, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 144 / page 273 (AID: v109307.b144.s273, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #2
Nils Nilsson married Anna Jönsdotter the 2nd of November 1827 and she died in child birth (barnsbörd) on the 10th of July 1828.

Marriage Source: Fjelie CI:2 (1780-1844) Image 171 / page 325 (AID: v109275.b171.s325, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 145 / page 275 (AID: v109307.b145.s275, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #3
Nils Nilsson married Estred Larsdotter on the 19th of February 1829 and she died from a miscarriage (missfall) on the 18th of January 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 104 / page 195 (AID: v109307.b104.s195, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 146 / page 277 (AID: v109307.b146.s277, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #4
Nils Nilsson married Kjerstena Christensdotter on the 1st of October 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 105 / page 197 (AID: v109307.b105.s197, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Search for the death records.
You will notice that all the death records are in the parish of Flädie. Since the household record for 1826-1831 is recorded in Fjelie parish, one would usually look for the death record in Fjelie parish. When one searches for for the death records in Fjelie parish, one can’t find them.

When this occurs, one should look at the info box for the Fjelie parish and see if it belonged to a pastorat of multiple parishes. The pastorat is a geographical area that a minister has responsibility for within the Swedish Lutheran Church. The information may be recorded  in one of the other parishes within the pastorat.

infoboxFjelie

By looking at the info box as shown above, we see that Fjelie was an annex parish (annexförsamling) in Lomma, Fjälie (Fjelie) and Flädie pastorat.  By looking for death records in the Flädie parish archive, we find the death records. The family actually lives in Flädie parish but the household records between 1812-1831 for Flädie parish were written in the Fjelie parish household books.

Read more about Mother Parish and Annex Parishes (Moder- och annexförsamlingar).

ArkivDigital

Estate Inventory more than 300 pages!

bouppteckning ingressÅkerbo och Skinnskattebergs tingslags häradsrätt FII:5 (1912-1912) Image 220 / page 8 (AID: v748972.b220.s8, NAD: SE/ULA/12685)
Link to image.

Upon a person’s death an estate inventory (bouppteckning) was created. This document consists of an ingress or preamble which gives information about the deceased and the names of the heirs. Following the preamble is the inventory listing all the deceased’s assets and debts. The estate inventory is a wonderful document for proving genealogical relationships as well as helping one gain a better understanding of one’s ancestor life.

The number of pages within an estate inventory varies greatly from only a couple of pages to sometimes hundreds of pages. One example of an extensive inventory is the estate inventory for the wholesale merchant, Adolf Ferdinand Hagström from Svarthäll in Kung Karl’s parish. His estate inventory totals 305 pages.

Adolf Ferdinand Hagström died on the 20th of August 1909 at Sofiahemmet in Stockholm at age 55. His death is recorded in the death book for Kung Karl’s parish.  Only a month earlier his wife, Augusta Charlotta Andersson died. The couple had no children and the heirs of Adolf’s estate were his mother and his siblings. The above image shows the ingress or preamble naming Adolf’s mother and siblings as the heirs.

When one browses this estate inventory, it is almost like venturing more than 100 years back in time and touring his house room by room. Since he was a wholesale merchant, the estate inventory also details the merchandise he had in stock. Below is an image showing some of the liquor that was in stock. Lots of aquavit!

branvinÅkerbo och Skinnskattebergs tingslags häradsrätt FII:5 (1912-1912) Image 690 (AID: v748972.b690, NAD: SE/ULA/12685) Link.

The assets of the estate were 1,135,609.69 Swedish kronor and the debts were 536, 306.61 kronor resulting in the net value of estate being 599, 308.08 kronor. See image below.

net valueÅkerbo och Skinnskattebergs tingslags häradsrätt FII:5 (1912-1912) Image 3230 (AID: v748972.b3230, NAD: SE/ULA/12685) Link.

Learn more about Swedish estate inventories.

Read original article in Swedish.

Other Sources
Adolf Ferdinand Hagström’s death record
Kung Karl F:3 (1895-1909) Image 790 / page 73 (AID: v72960.b790.s73, NAD: SE/ULA/10669) Link.

Congregation book showing Adolf Ferdinand Hagström’s residence at time of death
Kung Karl AIIa:6 (1907-1920) Image 1250 / page 570 (AID: v261754.b1250.s570, NAD: SE/ULA/10669) Link.

ArkivDigital