Many tax registers in ArkivDigital

Old tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) may not sound like a particular exciting research source. And many who look at tax registers are not easily impressed. Mostly just names, columns and numbers.

However, as we go back in time, the information in the household records becomes less detailed and the household records often do not exist in the late 1700’s or in prior times. It is at this time that the tax registers become a valuable source for the family researcher. Particularly useful are the tax or population registers (mantalslängderna), which begin around 1630.

The tax registers or population registers were created annually and are, like the household records, organized topographically by parish and village or farm. A single volume does not say so much. But when one follows the registers through a succession of years, one can follow developments and changes on a farm or village. This data can then be combined with the birth, marriage and death records, and often one can see the changes within a family nearly as clearly as if the household records had been preserved. The information in the tax registers or population registers varies over time and in different areas of the country.

tax register october 2017At the time around the change of the century between the 1700’s and 1800’s, there is often good information in the columns in the tax register. In the above tax register which refers to Nätra parish in the year, 1803, you will columns for taxes referring to pocket watches (fickur) (gold or silver) and the use of silk (sidentyg).

In ArkivDigital, you can find tax registers or population registers for all of Sweden from the beginning up until the 1800’s (often 1820). Several copies of tax registers or population registers (mantalslängder) were created and they are preserved in different archives. Thus, they can sometimes be difficult to find.

The first series are found with the local authorities. You can search for these in the following archives in the English interface in ArkivDigital:

  • District registrar (Swedish – häradsskrivare)
  • Alternative archives
    • Kronokamrer
    • Kronokassör
    • Mantalskontor
    • Taxation Authority (Swedish – Uppbördsverk)
    • Kommunalborgmästare
    • Crown bailiff (Swedish – kronofogde)

The second series is at the regional level or county level in the regional archives or search for the country archives in the English interface.

The third series are at the national level in Stockholm. In the English interface, search in the chamber archive. Or you can enter mantalslängder 1642–1820 or länsräkenskaper in the search box. For Stockholm city, you can find population registers and other tax register in the Överståthållarämbetets archive.

Concerning the third series of the tax registers or population registers those named Mantalslängder 1642-1820, we are prioritizing photographing volumes for the counties and years that are missing in the other series. This is an ongoing project and more volumes will be added online. For the first two series, the photographing is now complete.

ArkivDigital is working currently to make it simpler to find all these tax or population registers.

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

4 Wives in 4 Years! What is the story?

Four wivesFjelie AI:5 (1826-1831) Image 185 / page 182 (AID: v109258.b185.s182, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.

We previously posted a blog (previous blog entry) about Nils Nilsson from Fjelie parish who had four wives in four years as shown in the above household record image. We have received several questions asking what were the marriage dates and the causes of death for the deceased wives.

Below are the answers to the questions as well as the sources for the information.

Wife #1
Nils Nilsson married Sissa  Persdotter on the 26th of June 1825 and she died on the 26th of January 1827 from tuberculosis (lungsot).

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 103 / page 193 (AID: v109307.b103.s193, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 144 / page 273 (AID: v109307.b144.s273, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #2
Nils Nilsson married Anna Jönsdotter the 2nd of November 1827 and she died in child birth (barnsbörd) on the 10th of July 1828.

Marriage Source: Fjelie CI:2 (1780-1844) Image 171 / page 325 (AID: v109275.b171.s325, NAD: SE/LLA/13084) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 145 / page 275 (AID: v109307.b145.s275, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #3
Nils Nilsson married Estred Larsdotter on the 19th of February 1829 and she died from a miscarriage (missfall) on the 18th of January 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 104 / page 195 (AID: v109307.b104.s195, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.
Death Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 146 / page 277 (AID: v109307.b146.s277, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Wife #4
Nils Nilsson married Kjerstena Christensdotter on the 1st of October 1830.

Marriage Source: Flädie CI:2 (1780-1861) Image 105 / page 197 (AID: v109307.b105.s197, NAD: SE/LLA/13091) Link.

Search for the death records.
You will notice that all the death records are in the parish of Flädie. Since the household record for 1826-1831 is recorded in Fjelie parish, one would usually look for the death record in Fjelie parish. When one searches for for the death records in Fjelie parish, one can’t find them.

When this occurs, one should look at the info box for the Fjelie parish and see if it belonged to a pastorat of multiple parishes. The pastorat is a geographical area that a minister has responsibility for within the Swedish Lutheran Church. The information may be recorded  in one of the other parishes within the pastorat.

infoboxFjelie

By looking at the info box as shown above, we see that Fjelie was an annex parish (annexförsamling) in Lomma, Fjälie (Fjelie) and Flädie pastorat.  By looking for death records in the Flädie parish archive, we find the death records. The family actually lives in Flädie parish but the household records between 1812-1831 for Flädie parish were written in the Fjelie parish household books.

Read more about Mother Parish and Annex Parishes (Moder- och annexförsamlingar).

ArkivDigital

Unusual Death in 1877

hiccupsFränninge FI:2 (1862-1894) Image 840 / page 81 (AID: v109380a.b840.s81, NAD: SE/LLA/13095) Link.

In most of the Swedish death records you will find the cause of death. In the records closer to current times, the exact cause of death is written. Often earlier it was the priest or a relative who stated what the person died from and sometimes what was recorded was the symptom versus the actual cause of death.

The tenant farmer Per Jönsson’s daughter, Johanna, from Starraps Ora in Fränninge parish in Malmöhus county died at the age of seven months and twenty days. Her cause of death is recorded as hicka or in English, hiccups, as shown in the above image.

In the Guinness World Records for 2010, it is recorded that the American Charles Osborne hiccupped for nearly his entire life. His hiccupping began in 1922 and did not stop until 68 years later, a year before his death.  During the first years, he hiccupped about 40 times per minute but towards the end only half as often. It is estimated that he hiccupped 430 million times during his life.
(Source: Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiccup)

Read the article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital