Skånska Documents from the Danish Period

Skåne’s Genealogical Society (Skånes Genealogiska Förbund abbreviated SGF) was established in 1937. In the beginning most of the research was focused on the nobility, the church ministers and the bourgeois. A greater interest in genealogy developed in the 1950’s and 1960’s when the Swedish church books were microfilmed. In the 1970’s and 1980’s, one was able to borrow microfilms from other parts of the country. But in Skåne if one wanted to research before 1658, (the time before Skåne was part of Sweden), one had to travel to Copenhagen where some documents were available at the Danish National Archives (Rigsarkivet). During the 1980s, the board of SGF repeatedly held discussions about the possibility of establishing a society archive. The thought was to acquire copies of important and difficult to access Skånska archival documents. These thoughts became reality in 1980 when a monetary grant was received to make photocopies of documents concerning Skåne that were preserved in the Danish National Archives. In addition, a number of documents stored at the Swedish National Archives were also copied.

skane documents

Link to record.

Approximately 20,000 paper copies were copied and also some documents in Stockholm that were not available in Skåne formed the SGF archive. This archive was created before the age of digitization. A catalog was created in book form listing the archive contents so that copies of these documents could be ordered.

A few years ago, the Skåne Genealogical Society changed their Swedish name from Skånes Genealogiska Förbund to Skånes Släktforskarförbund (abbreviated SkSF) and changed the archive name to SkSF archive. At the Skåne Genealogical’s Society’s meeting in 2016 a motion was made to digitize these materials and ArkivDigital was asked if they would scan the paper copies and make them available.

land book denmark1604 Land register from Asmundtorp. AID:v880266.b270.s27

The material consists mostly of tax registers and land registers from the 1500’s and 1600’s but there are also other documents. In 1676, Denmark occupied parts of Skåne and quickly created tax registers for those parts of Sweden that they took back. There were even rolls listing the friskytta (fighters) who fought for the Danish king.

skane muster roll

Muster roll for Captain Eskils Nielsen’s company friskyttar, mustered in Helsingborg on July 10,1679. AID:v880383.b630.s63

To access the material (note these are scanned paper copies and not photographs of the original documents), search for Skånes Släktforskarförbund archive. Keep in mind that the county division was different during the Danish time. For example. there were both Helsingborg and Landskrona counties, as well as some smaller counties. A register of parishes and towns is in the process of being prepared to facilitate searching.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Military rolls (rullor) 1620-1723

Often in researching our Swedish ancestors, we discover an ancestor who was a cavalryman (ryttare) or soldier (soldat). Or even possibly an officer. We want to know more about our ancestor’s military life. The general muster rolls (generalmönsterrullorna) are an important source for military research. These begin in the late 1600’s and continue until the end of the 1800’s. You can find the general muster rolls in ArkivDigital by entering rullor in the search box. There you will see some earlier rolls of military records. There is an archive named “Rullor 1620-1723” In this archive, there are hundreds of volumes. So far, we have photographed the documents 1620-1659 and then some individual volumes after that. There is an ongoing project at the  Military Archives of Sweden to digitize these documents.

Below are some tips for searching in these records.

If your ancestor is an ordinary cavalryman or soldier, a little more searching is required before you find the correct source. Knowing that a cavalryman belonged to a cavalry regiment and a soldier belonged to an infantry regiment is a good start. That way you know which type of regiment to search. They are often grouped by the name of the regiment after county/province (län/landskap). If you have more information about him for example the name of his commander one can find some helps via a name register. If your ancestor was an officer, you can look for him directly in the name register (personregister).

In the series or archive “Rullor 1620-1723”, you will find 15 volumes called Personregister at the top of the volume list. If you hold your mouse over (i) or click once on the volume, you will get more information on which names are included in the volume. Let us say that we are searching for Lars Jakobsson who we know was a second lieutenant (fänrik) in the 1640’s, we will find a name register card for him.

registerlarsskooRullor 1620-1723 PersonReg:6 (1620-1699) Image 3015 (AID: v793063.b3015, NAD: SE/KrA/0022) Link.

The references point to the year and volume. In addition, we get references to other volumes where we can find more information about his military career. Thus in these records, we have a good summary of the military careers of all the Swedish military officers for most of the 1600’s. If in the upper right hand corner stands the number “1”, that means that there are more register cards for this person, something to think about.

The card shows us that Lars Jakobsson Skoo was a second lieutenant in the Åbo regiment. Since Finland was part of Sweden at this time, records for the Finnish regiments are included in this material. He changes regiments and becomes a second lieutenant in the Björnborg regiment and if one looks at the next card, we see that he becomes a lieutenant (löjtnant). References at the top are for the year 1641 and volume 12. The next step is to search in the volume list for the 12th volume in the year 1641 or volume 1641:12.

search rullor

Check in the beginning of the volume to see if there is a register of regiments and companies.  After some searching, we find the right regiment and company and even Lars Jacobsson.

larsjohansson1641Rullor 1620-1723 1641:12 (1641-1641) Image 130 / page 8 (AID: v751076.b130.s8, NAD: SE/KrA/0022) Link.

To the right of his name is written, Gamble Ryttmästaren Jacob Nilssons son, hafuer tient i Tyssland för een gemen Ryttare, under Sal: Johan Muncks Comp. (Old calvary captain Jacob Nilsson’s son, who served in Germany as a regular cavalryman, in Sal: Johan Munck’s Company).

The officers are always listed first followed by the regular soldiers. In this case, on the right side you can see a list of soldiers. If your ancestor was a private or regular soldier, this is where you would look.

Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Lists of Workers in the Iron Industry

ironworker8:e Bergmästaredistriktets arkiv FIIb:1 (1701-1851) Image 1200 (AID: v328357.b1200, NAD: SE/VALA/01497)  Link to the image.

For those who are interested in blacksmiths and persons working in foundries or iron works, there are volumes in ArkivDigital’s online library that include lists of these workers (bruksarbetare).

The image above is the first page for “Förteckning öfver Finspongs, Lotorp och Djurshytte Bruks Arbetare För år 1850” or the list of Finspongs, Lotorp, and Djurshytte foundry workers for 1850.  Each worker’s position is noted. In this image we see the following positions:

  • mästaren –  master
  • mästersven – master’s assistant or journeyman
  • dräng – laborer

You can find these lists (förteckningar) in the following archives and volumes:

Archive: 8:e Bergmästaredistriktets arkiv (volumes FIIa:1, FIIb:1, FIIc:1 and FIId:1)
Archive: 9:e Bergmästaredistriktets arkiv (volumes FIb:1-2)

You can also find these archives by clicking on advanced options in ArkivDigital’s search window and selecting  archive type, mine-inspector.

These records cover Södermanland, Östergötland, Kalmar, Jönköping, Kronoberg, Blekinge, Halland, Malmöhus and Kristianstad counties. The years covered vary by county. The oldest worker lists are from the end of the 1600’s and the newest at the end of the 1800’s.

Read the article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital