After the Swedish defeat at Poltava in 1709, many members of the Swedish army were captured and imprisoned in Russia. Is it possible to find information about the individual prisoners?
The short answer is yes. For those who are interested about war prisoners during the 1700’s, we recommend that you take a look at the archive: ”Krigshandlingar Stora nordiska kriget: Krigsfångar” or “War Documents of the Great Northern War: War Prisoners”. Note that there are two archives with the same name but they include different volumes.
We want to especially point out the two name register volumes: Reg:1 and Reg:2. These records cover admittedly only a portion of the volumes that we photographed, but they are still of great value since one is able to find a reference to a number of volumes and pages for most persons. Krigshandlingar Stora nordiska kriget: Krigsfångar Reg:1 (0-9999) Image 791 (AID: v787880.b791, NAD: SE/KrA/038814B) Link.
Above is the index card for First Lieutenant Lars Gröning. The first reference, I: 39, refers to the volume 14B: 1, page 39. Lars is found in a roll that shows all of the prisoners in Russia from the Battle of Poltava. On this page, it notes that Lars was held a prisoner in Tobolsk, a city in western Siberia. You will find Lars in the middle of the page on the right in the image below. Krigshandlingar Stora nordiska kriget: Krigsfångar 14B:1 (0-9999) Image 270 / page 39 (AID: v787699.b270.s39, NAD: SE/KrA/038814B) Link.
On July 14, 1722, Lars returned home to Sweden. This information appears in volume 14B:3, page 20 which the reference III: 20 on the index card refers to. Lars is shown in the image below.
Krigshandlingar Stora nordiska kriget: Krigsfångar 14B:3 (0-9999) Image 290 / page 20 (AID: v787701.b290.s20, NAD: SE/KrA/038814B) Link.
By following the other references listed on the index card, we can find additional information about the long stay Lars involuntarily spent in Tobolsk.
Click here to see original article in Swedish.