Latin Column Headings in a Marriage Record

While most of the column headings in the Swedish church books are in Swedish, occasionally you will find some with Latin headings or a combination of Latin and Swedish. Today, we will look at a marriage record with Latin column headings.

Below is an image for a marriage record for 1780 out of Fröjered parish in Skaraborg county.

latin headingsFröjered (R) E:1 (1769-1854) Image 15 / Page 19 (AID: v26939.b15.s19, NAD: SE/GLA/13134)

The Latin column headings are:

  1. Dies – day
  2. Ind. (indicationis) – Banns
  3. Cop. (Copulatus) – Marriage
  4. Sponsus et Sponsa – Groom and bride
  5. Aetus - Age
  6. Conditio et domicilium – Occupation and residence
  7. Dos – Morning gift
  8. Nomina Parentum – Names of Parents

The contents of this marriage record are the following:

  1. Banns of marriage – October1, October 8 and October 15
  2. Marriage date – November 5
  3. Names of groom and bride –Gabriel Arvidsson and Stina Jonsdotter
  4. Ages of bridal couple – Groom 30 years, bride 27 years
  5. Groom’s occupation and residence – Farmer at L. Hamrum
  6. Morning gift from groom to bride – 20 lod silver
  7. Names of parents – Groom’s parents – Arvid Nilsson and Bengta Jansdotter; Bride’s parents – Jonas Andersson and Lena Carlsdotter

Swedish words found in record:

  • Bonde – farmer
  • Dr. (dräng) bachelor, farmhand
  • Pig. (piga) maid
  • På – at
  • Sammanvigde – married
  • Uti – Out of
  • År – year

Click on the following links to see more examples of marriage records:

ArkivDigital

What does the abbreviation “E.M.” mean?

While the death record layout in the church books is fairly standardized after the mid- nineteenth century, there are often notes or abbreviations in the remarks section that you don’t see in every parish book. One example is in the death record for Erik Beder Johansson who died on January 25, 1921 in Ronneby parish in Blekinge county. In the special remarks column (särskilda anteckningar), there is a notation “E. m. född 1891”. The question is, “What does the abbreviation, “E.m.” mean? Also, many of the other death records in this parish have the same abbreviation in the remarks column.

em remarksRonneby (K) FI:9 (1912-1930) Image 1550 / Page 416 (AID: v115658a.b1550.s416, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

The abbreviation, “E.m.” stands for “Efterlevande Make/Maka” or surviving spouse or in this case it means that the deceased’s surviving spouse was born in 1891.

You can find an English translation of the column headings by clicking here.

The contents in the above death record are:

  • Entry # – 11
  • Death date – January 25
  • Sex – Male
  • Deceased’s Occupation, Name and Residence – Bruksarbetare (Foundry man or mill worker) Erik Beder Johansson at N. 2 Häggatorp
  • Deceased’s birth date – 2 May 1892
  • Marital Status – Married
  • Cross-reference to page in congregation book – (page #) 993
  • Cause of death – Lungsot (Tuberculosis)
  • Burial date – January 30th
  • Special remarks – (E.m. född 1891) Surviving spouse born in 1891

You can find more information about the family on page 993 in the corresponding congregation book. Return to the archive for Ronneby and search for the congregation book that includes records for the year 1921 and go to page 993. There you will find a notation of Erik Beder Johansson’s death and also that his spouse, Lilly Sofia Olsson’s birth date is noted as the 28th of June 1891. The household record is shown below.

Em household recordRonneby (K) AIIb:14 (1910-1926) Image 990 / Page 993 (AID: v115633b.b990.s993, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

Click here to read more information about Swedish church books.

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Getting Started in the Swedish Church Books

Are you new to Swedish research? Swedish research is extremely rewarding because there are so many types of records and they are very complete. But before you begin, you must know your Swedish ancestor’s Swedish name, place or parish of origin in Sweden and a significant date such as a birth date. If all you know is that your Swedish ancestor’s name is Charles Johnson, you have a little more work to do before you jump the pond. For information on how to search for more details about your Swedish ancestor, click here.

But, let us say you are now successful and have discovered that your ancestor’s Swedish name was Carl Johan Johansson and he was born in Habo parish in Skaraborg county on the 10th of February 1819, you are ready to jump the pond and research in the Swedish records. Today, we will walk you through the steps for searching for Carl’s birth record and the corresponding household record in ArkivDigital.

We enter the application: app.arkivdigital.se and then select New Archive search. Since we know the name of the parish, we can enter, Habo, in the search box and the archive box for Habo will appear.

search habo

Click on Habo and you will see a list of all the volumes that are available for this parish. In this case, there are 122 volumes. Search for a birth book that includes the year 1819.

search habo birth book

You will see that there are two birth books that contain births for the year 1819:  C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820 and C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827. When one sees two books that cover the same period, it is always good to look at both books. They can often contain different information.

By looking further at book C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820, we see that that there is a circle with an “i” before the words birth and christening records. This means information and if you put your mouse over the “i”, you will see the notation, “register till födelseböckerna” or register to the birth books.

hove birth register

When we look at this book, we see it is an index organized by first given name and then birth year. Note -you will not encounter this type of birth index in many parishes. But remember before the mid 1800’s, the information can vary by time and minister.

In browsing this book, we will find a page for Carl’s and you will find the information for Carl Johan in the section for Carl’s born in the year 1819.

carl birth index recordHabo (F, R) C:10 (1801-1820) Image 16 / Page 25 (AID: v34105.b16.s25, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The information shown in the above index record includes:

  1. Second given name – Joh. or abbreviation for Johan
  2. Parents’ first names: Johan, Katrina
  3. Residence in parish – Sållarhemmet (line above the letter m represents a double m).
  4. Year – 19 or 1819
  5. Day of month – 10
  6. Month – 2 or February

The book C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827 contains the actual birth records. It is always good to look in the front of the book and check for a table of contents. There may be multiple types of records in the volume and the table of contents will show on what pages the various types of records begin. In this case there is not a table of contents and the births are arranged in chronological order. Open the book and look for birth records for the year 1819 and then the month, February, and then the day, the 10th. Below is the birth record for Carl Johan.

carl johan birth recordHabo (F, R) C:11 (1801-1827) Image 109 / Page 213 (AID: v34106.b109.s213, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The record contents are:

  1. Birth date – 10 (February 10, 1819)
  2. Baptismal date – 11 (February 11, 1819)
  3. Child’s given name – Carl Johan
  4. Parents’ names – Johannes Larsson and Kathrina Andersdotter
  5. Residence in parish – Sållarehemmet
  6. Baptismal witnesses – And. Carlsson och (and) D. H. dess hustru or his wife Stina at Skogshemmet
  7. Mother’s age – Between 25 and 30

The next step is to find out more information about the family by going to the household book that includes the year 1819. Now we return to the Habo archive and search for the household book that contains the year 1819. We find the book, AI:4 Household records 1814-1820.

search habo household book

The household books are organized by place name. In most household books you will find a place name index in the front or back of the book. Open the book and search for a place name index or ortregister. Then look for Carl Johan’s residence, Sållarehemmet, in the place name index.

habo place name indexHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 5 (AID: v20176.b5, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The place name index states that the records for the place, Sållarehemmet, begin on page 206. Now there may be one page for the place or many pages, but the page number shown in the index is the start page for the search for the family. We now go to page 206.

hova household recordHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 110 / Page 207 (AID: v20176.b110.s207, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

In this case we find the family on page 206. Below is the information that is shown for the family:

  • (Father) äg. (abbreviation for ägare) owner or landowner Johannes Larsson born on the 6th of May 1782 in Loco Loco is a Latin term meaning here or in Habo parish. Note – further research will show that the birth date is incorrect and is actually the 15th of May 1782.
  • (Mother) H. (abbreviation for hustru or wife) Catharina Andersdotter born on the 6th of May 1790 at loco or in the parish of Habo.
  • Son Anders born 9th of May 1813 loco or in Habo. There is also a notation that he has died.
  • Son Gabriel born on the 23rd of April 1816 loco or in Habo. There is a notation that he died in 1817.
  • Flicka (Girl) Stina Svensdotter born on the 15th of October 1803 in Ekebo. There is a notation that she moved here in 1816 from Ekereds torp and moved out in 1817 to V. Ekered. More research is required to check to see if she is just a worker or if she has some relationship to the family.
  • (Son) Carl Johan born on the 10th of February 1819 in loco or Habo.

Since there are no notations that the family has moved in or out, we can assume that the family is living at the same place, Sållarehemmet, in the subsequent household book. We can continue to trace Carl forward in the household books until his emigration.

Also, from this record, we have enough information, that we can look for birth records for other members of the household. Also, please note that sometimes the minister will note the incorrect birth date information in the household record such as was the case for the father, Johannes Larsson. If there is a discrepancy between the birth dates in the birth record or household record, you should always use the information shown in the birth record.

For more information about researching in the church books, go to the following links:

ArkivDigital

Using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 to discover where Hilda moved to!

Within the household and congregation records, there is an entry showing where a person moved to if the person moved during the period the household/congregation books cover.  The information that is normally shown is the place and a date or sometimes there is a reference to another page number and date within the same household book.  However, many times the minister will note an abbreviation that is not easily understood and one must take some time to discover where the person has moved. In the image below, it states that Hilda Joseph. (Josephina). Hjorth born on the 20th of May 1833 moved from Önumstorp in Önum parish in Skaraborg county to V. 41 in 1871.  What does “V. 41” mean?

onum hflÖnum (R) AI:9 (1867-1881) Image 148 / page 142 (AID: v12796.b148.s142, NAD: SE/GLA/13674) Link.

There are two methods for discovering what “V. 41″ means: using traditional methods of deciphering the meaning or using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930.

Now, while the reference to a page number is not usually the letter V, one might go to page 41 in the same household book to see if she is listed there and if one goes there, Hilda will not be found.

The next step is to determine if the parish, Önum, belongs to a pastorat. See previous blog for more information about a pastorat. 

You can check if Önum belongs to a pastorat by accessing ArkivDigital, selecting new archive search, entering Önum in the search box and search. Open the archive for Önum parish and click on the archive info tab. There you will get information about what pastorat Önum belongs to. See the image below.

onum archive info

You will note the following information in the archive info box: Före den 1 maj 1920 var Önum annexförsamling i Skarstads, Hällums, Vara och Önums pastorat or before the 1st of May 1920, Önum was an annex parish in the Skarstads, Hällums, Vara and Önums pastorat.

This information gives us a clue that “V”. might mean Vara and 41 the page number in the Vara household book that includes the year 1871. Our next step is go to archive search and, enter Vara in the search box and click search.

vara search

Search for a household book that includes the year 1871 which is AI:7 that covers the years 1867-1878 and open the volume and go to page 41.

varahfl41Vara (R) AI:7 (1867-1878) Image 46 / page 41 (AID: v12751.b46.s41, NAD: SE/GLA/13611) Link.

In the above image you will see a reference that Hilda has moved in from “Ö 142” or Önum parish on page 142. In this case, the minister is abbreviating Önum. This minister often abbreviates the parish names of parishes within the pastorat by showing only the first letter of the parish name.

Search using the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 Search Index
The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index makes Swedish research so much easier. For this same case, we can go to New index search, select the Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 index, enter Hilda and her birth date 18330520 in the search box, and click search. We receive 7 matches that we can analyze. (There are other ways of searching such as using the advanced search method or using various search criteria,) We see one household record is in Vara. We can quickly link on the match and then link on the image to verify the information. Thus, we quickly know that “V. 41” means Vara page 41. Of course, we have to verify that all the information agrees and this is right Hilda. This one is correct.

1860 Vara search

This is an example how Swedish research is becoming much easier and quicker using the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index.

ArkivDigital

Birth record reading example with some abbreviations

Prior to the mid 1800’s, the birth books were not standardized and the format varies by minister and time. When looking at a birth book, it is always good to review the minister’s style and determine the format of the content.

Today we will look at a birth record from 1837 in the parish of Älvsbacka (Elvsbacka) parish in Värmland county. In the record below, you will see that the content of the birth record is divided into six boxes. In this record, the minister has recorded the birth date, baptismal date, child’s residence, names of parents, names of witnesses and residence, name of minister who baptized child, age of mother and child’s name.

alvsbacka birthÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 22 (AID: v9055.b22, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

  • Box 1 – Birth and baptismal month – Juni (June)
  • Box 2 – Birth day 14 (June 14, 1837)
  • Box 3 – Baptismal day 15 (June 15, 1837)
  • Box 4 – Child’s residence in parish, name of parents, names and residence of baptismal witnesses and the name of minister who baptized the child
  • Box 5 – Age of mother – 36
  • Box 6 – Child’s name – Stina Maria

Box 4 Transcription:

Örtnåstorp, H. e. Henrik Andersson o. d. h. Cajsa Magnusdotters barn.
Faddrar:  H. e. Anders Henriksson o. d. h. Ingrid Andersdotter i Örtnås.
D. a. Comm Frykholm.

While most of the words in the birth record are names of persons or places and dates, there are some Swedish words. Also, in this record, the minister has used some abbreviations. Below in text order are the Swedish words and abbreviations.

  • H. e. – hemman ägare – farm owner
  • o – och – and
  • d – dess – his
  • hhustru – wife
  • barn – child
  • Faddrar – witnesses
  • i – at
  • dopt – baptized
  • a – af – by
  • Comm – Komminister – assistant pastor, curate

Complete English translation of Box 4:

Örtnåstorp, Farm owner – Henrik Andersson and his wife. Cajsa Magnusdotters child.
Witnesses- Farm owner Anders Henriksson and his wife Ingrid Andersdotter at Örtnås.
Baptized by Pastor Frykholm.

Sometimes the minister would use full words in one entry and then abbreviate the same words in another entry. If you were to look at another birth entry in the previous year, you will see that the minister has spelled out the phrase baptized by (dopt af) as seen in the image below. By looking at that record, then one can decipher the meaning for the abbreviation “D. a”.

full spelling doptÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 21 (AID: v9055.b21, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

Click here to see a 1700’s birth record example.

Click here to see an 1800’s birth record example.

ArkivDigital

Additions to the Population of Sweden 1860-1930

The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index in ArkivDigital is Sweden’s largest name register. The register, a name searchable index of the household and congregation records from 1860 to 1930, has been expanded by almost 3.7 million new entries. The total number of register entries now totals to just over 88 million.

more 1860 to 1930 indexSearching in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 Index

The register entries have been added to close some gaps that have been found in the index. If you previously searched for a person using this index, but could not find the person, you may want to try again.

Click here for more information about the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index.

Click here for more information about the advanced searching features.

To access the Population of Sweden 1860–1930 index, one needs an All-in-one subscription.

Read the original blog in Swedish.


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Passenger Ship Manifests in ArkivDigital

Today, we will review the passenger ship manifests, passenger lists and emigrant registers within ArkivDigital. Earlier we have written about these records in a couple of blogs. See blog dated 8 December 2014 and blog dated 12 May 2015.

Passenger ship manifests for emigrants leaving from Göteborg (1869-1951), Malmö (1874-1939) and Stockholm (1869-1940) ports are available on ArkivDigital. Also, you will find passenger lists for persons leaving from Helsingborg and passport journals (passjournaler) for persons traveling from Norrköping both in and outside of Sweden. You will find these records in the police archives by doing the following:

  • Select New Archive Search
  • Select “police archives” under archive type

You will find the following entries in the volume list:

  • Göteborgs poliskammare (-1900)
  • Norrköpings poliskammare. Huvudarkivet Polisen in Helsingborg
  • Poliskammaren i Malmö
  • Överståthållarämbetet för polisärenden 1 (ÖÄ): Äldre poliskammaren  (Stockholm 1869-1904)
  • Överståthållarämbetet för polisärenden 2 (ÖÄ): Poliskammaren (Stockholm 1905-1940)

While most of the passenger ship manifests and lists are not name searchable, there are name registers for the following years for passengers leaving from Göteborg: 1871, 1894, 1895 and 1896. Also, there are name registers for persons leaving from Malmö for the years: 1887, 1888, 1892, 1893, 1894 and 1895.

The emigrant registers for Göteborg are listed in alphabetical order both in last name and first name order. Below is the emigrant register for 1871 for Göteborg showing Jöns Svensson age 46 leaving from Unnaryd with the destination of St. Paul departing 9 June 1871 followed by the source code.

jons emigrant registerEmigrantregister EmiReg:1 (1871-1871) Image 2310 / page 443 (AID: v830632.b2310.s443, NAD: ) Link.

The source code is 5:383:4357. The source code includes: the volume number, page number and contract number. To find the manifest for Jöns, one does the following:

  • Return to the volume list in the police archives for Göteborgs poliskammare (-1900)
  • Open Volume EIX:5
  • Go to page 383
  • Look for contract 4357

Below is the manifest for Jöns showing him leaving on the ship, Rollo, traveling to Hull, England on June 9, 1871.

Jons manifestGöteborgs poliskammare (-1900) (O) EIX:5 (1871-1871) Image 1930 / page 383 (AID: v479729.b1930.s383, NAD: SE/GLA/12703) Link.

The format of the source code for Mälmo differs from the source code for Göteborg. Below is the emigrant register for Mälmo for the year 1888 showing Botilla P. Månsdotter age 25 leaving from Backaryd going to Chicago on the 31st of May 1888.

botilla emigration recordEmigrantregister EmiReg:7 (1887-1888) Image 1030 / page 191 (AID: v830638.b1030.s191, NAD: ) Link.

The source code is 3245: 1930. The format of the source code is entry number and contract number.  To find Botilla’s manifest, one does the following:

  • Return to the volume list in the police archives for Poliskammaren i Malmö.
  • Search for the volume for the year 1888 that includes the entry number 3245.
  • The information box will show the ranges of entry numbers for the volume. See below.

malmo entrySearching for Malmö passenger ship manifess for year 1888 and entry #3245

  • Open the volume and search for entry number 3245. The entry numbers are in numerical order. The contract number is next to the entry number. Below is the manifest.

botilla manifestPoliskammaren i Malmö (M) D3:28 (1888-1888) Image 1150 / page 250 (AID: v449930.b1150.s250, NAD: SE/MSA/00780) Link.

You can find an article, Introduction to Swedish Passenger Ship Manifests, on our website that gives more information about the manifests as well as heading translations.

ArkivDigital

Additions to the estate inventory register

Last summer, ArkivDigital launched a searchable name register for estate inventories, which we discussed in an earlier blog. Go to the earlier blog.

Now, additional name searchable indexes for a large number of estate inventories from the district and city courts in Värmland, Älvsborg along with Göteborgs och Bohus counties have been recently added.

estateinventorygunnarssonSearching in the estate inventory register.

The estate inventory register already included indexes from Gotland, Gävleborg, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Uppsala, Västerbotten, Västernorrland and Östergötland counties. However, no county is complete and the amount of searchable index entries for each county varies. You can find out what district and city courts and years, the estate inventory register covers by going to this link: https://www.arkivdigital.se/online/register/bouppteckningar. More indexes will be added to the register in the future.

In order to access the estate inventory register, one must have an All-in-one subscription. The register is only available in the web version of our software, which you will find here: https://arkivdigital.net/products/adonline/installation

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Name Searchable Indexes in ArkivDigital

Swedish genealogy is becoming easier as new name searchable indexes become available in ArkivDigital. Most of these indexes are found only in the All-in-One subscription. The Population of Sweden 1950 index is found in both the base and All-in-One subscriptions. Today, we will review the name searchable indexes that exist in ArkivDigital as well point out the blogs that provide additional information.

You can find the name searchable indexes in ArkivDigital by doing the following:

  • Access  ArkivDigital
  • Select New Index Search
  • Select index source

indexsearchallinoneIndexes available in the All-in-One subscription

Population of Sweden 1950 – Name Searchable of persons living in Sweden in 1950
Available both in base and All-in-One subscriptions
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/name-register-searches-in-arkivdigitals-web-version/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/advanced-searching/

Population of Sweden 1960 – Name Searchable index of persons living in Sweden in 1960
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/advanced-searching/

Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 – Name index of household/congregation records between 1860 and 1930
Only available in All-in-One Subscription

http://blog.arkivdigital.net/population-of-sweden-1880-1920-grows-and-now-becomes-1860-1920/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/ten-years-added-to-arkivdigitals-largest-name-register/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/advanced-searching/

Swedes in US 1940 – All persons in 1940 United States Census who mentioned their birth place was Sweden
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/new-register-swedes-in-us-1940/

Inventory of estate – Searchable name index for estate inventories
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/digital-searchable-estate-inventory-register-now-in-arkivdigital/

Portrait collection – Personal photographs from three Stockholm photography studios
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/a-quarter-of-a-million-portrait-images/

Birth index – Index of births between 1666 and 1894 for Western Södermanland
Marriage index - Index of marriages between 1666 and 1894 for Western Södermanland
Death index - Index of deaths between 1666 and 1894 for Western Södermanland
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/registers-for-birth-death-and-marriage-records-1666-1894-for-vastra-sodermanland/

ArkivDigital

Ten years added to ArkivDigital’s largest name register!

Last fall, ArkivDigital’s largest name register became even larger. The Population of Sweden index grew by twenty years from 1880-1920 to 1860 to 1920. Now another decade has been added, so the register spans seventy years, from 1860 to 1930.

The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 is Sweden’s largest name register and includes now about 85 million register posts collected from 30,553 volumes. The register includes all persons who are named in Sweden’s household and congregation books created during those years. This means that a person who moved often will be found several times in the indexes, which explains why the register is many times greater that what Sweden’s population was at the time.

The register is not only the largest one that exists in Sweden, it is probably the easiest to use. All search results contain a direct link to the source. You click on the link and find immediately your relative in the original volume. Very smooth and easy!

1860-1920- Hulda ElisabetImage: Searching in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930

The register Population of Sweden 1860-1930 is included in ArkivDigital’s All-in-one subscription. In ArkivDigital’s web version, you click “New index search” and select “Population of Sweden 1860-1930” under “Index source”. Then you can begin to search by entering the desired name in the search box under “Search index”.

If the name of the person is unusual, it is often enough just to enter the first and last name, but for more common names, for example for the name, Andersson, the birth date or the birthplace should be entered.

 

One should start with a broad search by entering as little as possible. If the search results are too many, add additional information until the search results become manageable. Then click on the desired entry and all the details will be displayed. Under the heading “Links” is a direct link to the original record in the original volume.

The household records (from the 1900’s called congregation books in English) were the most important set of public records, a generally geographically organized general register of residents in the parish where information from other church books (birth, marriage and death books, etc.) were noted along with additional information such as movements within or out of the parish.

 

These records were created for most of Sweden except for a few large parishes within Stockholm city. Instead during the years 1878-1926, a new municipal organization was created called the Roteman’s Institution (rotemansinstitutionen). Stockholm was divided into a number of districts called rotar.  In each district or rote, there was a city employee (roteman) responsible for recording the population statistics. Therefore, many people living in Stockholm are missing in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index. They can be found in the Rotemansarkivet 1878-1926 which is found on the Stockholm City Archives free website.

With the update of the Population in Sweden to 1930, ArkivDigital now has more than 100 million registry entries, easily accessible to anyone with an All-In-one subscription, and most of them with a link directly to the source.

 

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital