Birth record reading example with some abbreviations

Prior to the mid 1800’s, the birth books were not standardized and the format varies by minister and time. When looking at a birth book, it is always good to review the minister’s style and determine the format of the content.

Today we will look at a birth record from 1837 in the parish of Älvsbacka (Elvsbacka) parish in Värmland county. In the record below, you will see that the content of the birth record is divided into six boxes. In this record, the minister has recorded the birth date, baptismal date, child’s residence, names of parents, names of witnesses and residence, name of minister who baptized child, age of mother and child’s name.

alvsbacka birthÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 22 (AID: v9055.b22, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

  • Box 1 – Birth and baptismal month – Juni (June)
  • Box 2 – Birth day 14 (June 14, 1837)
  • Box 3 – Baptismal day 15 (June 15, 1837)
  • Box 4 – Child’s residence in parish, name of parents, names and residence of baptismal witnesses and the name of minister who baptized the child
  • Box 5 – Age of mother – 36
  • Box 6 – Child’s name – Stina Maria

Box 4 Transcription:

Örtnåstorp, H. e. Henrik Andersson o. d. h. Cajsa Magnusdotters barn.
Faddrar:  H. e. Anders Henriksson o. d. h. Ingrid Andersdotter i Örtnås.
D. a. Comm Frykholm.

While most of the words in the birth record are names of persons or places and dates, there are some Swedish words. Also, in this record, the minister has used some abbreviations. Below in text order are the Swedish words and abbreviations.

  • H. e. – hemman ägare – farm owner
  • o – och – and
  • d – dess – his
  • hhustru – wife
  • barn – child
  • Faddrar – witnesses
  • i – at
  • dopt – baptized
  • a – af – by
  • Comm – Komminister – assistant pastor, curate

Complete English translation of Box 4:

Örtnåstorp, Farm owner – Henrik Andersson and his wife. Cajsa Magnusdotters child.
Witnesses- Farm owner Anders Henriksson and his wife Ingrid Andersdotter at Örtnås.
Baptized by Pastor Frykholm.

Sometimes the minister would use full words in one entry and then abbreviate the same words in another entry. If you were to look at another birth entry in the previous year, you will see that the minister has spelled out the phrase baptized by (dopt af) as seen in the image below. By looking at that record, then one can decipher the meaning for the abbreviation “D. a”.

full spelling doptÄlvsbacka (S) C:3 (1827-1860) Image 21 (AID: v9055.b21, NAD: SE/VA/13662) Link.

Click here to see a 1700’s birth record example.

Click here to see an 1800’s birth record example.

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Additions to the Population of Sweden 1860-1930

The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index in ArkivDigital is Sweden’s largest name register. The register, a name searchable index of the household and congregation records from 1860 to 1930, has been expanded by almost 3.7 million new entries. The total number of register entries now totals to just over 88 million.

more 1860 to 1930 indexSearching in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 Index

The register entries have been added to close some gaps that have been found in the index. If you previously searched for a person using this index, but could not find the person, you may want to try again.

Click here for more information about the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index.

Click here for more information about the advanced searching features.

To access the Population of Sweden 1860–1930 index, one needs an All-in-one subscription.

Read the original blog in Swedish.


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Passenger Ship Manifests in ArkivDigital

Today, we will review the passenger ship manifests, passenger lists and emigrant registers within ArkivDigital. Earlier we have written about these records in a couple of blogs. See blog dated 8 December 2014 and blog dated 12 May 2015.

Passenger ship manifests for emigrants leaving from Göteborg (1869-1951), Malmö (1874-1939) and Stockholm (1869-1940) ports are available on ArkivDigital. Also, you will find passenger lists for persons leaving from Helsingborg and passport journals (passjournaler) for persons traveling from Norrköping both in and outside of Sweden. You will find these records in the police archives by doing the following:

  • Select New Archive Search
  • Select “police archives” under archive type

You will find the following entries in the volume list:

  • Göteborgs poliskammare (-1900)
  • Norrköpings poliskammare. Huvudarkivet Polisen in Helsingborg
  • Poliskammaren i Malmö
  • Överståthållarämbetet för polisärenden 1 (ÖÄ): Äldre poliskammaren  (Stockholm 1869-1904)
  • Överståthållarämbetet för polisärenden 2 (ÖÄ): Poliskammaren (Stockholm 1905-1940)

While most of the passenger ship manifests and lists are not name searchable, there are name registers for the following years for passengers leaving from Göteborg: 1871, 1894, 1895 and 1896. Also, there are name registers for persons leaving from Malmö for the years: 1887, 1888, 1892, 1893, 1894 and 1895.

The emigrant registers for Göteborg are listed in alphabetical order both in last name and first name order. Below is the emigrant register for 1871 for Göteborg showing Jöns Svensson age 46 leaving from Unnaryd with the destination of St. Paul departing 9 June 1871 followed by the source code.

jons emigrant registerEmigrantregister EmiReg:1 (1871-1871) Image 2310 / page 443 (AID: v830632.b2310.s443, NAD: ) Link.

The source code is 5:383:4357. The source code includes: the volume number, page number and contract number. To find the manifest for Jöns, one does the following:

  • Return to the volume list in the police archives for Göteborgs poliskammare (-1900)
  • Open Volume EIX:5
  • Go to page 383
  • Look for contract 4357

Below is the manifest for Jöns showing him leaving on the ship, Rollo, traveling to Hull, England on June 9, 1871.

Jons manifestGöteborgs poliskammare (-1900) (O) EIX:5 (1871-1871) Image 1930 / page 383 (AID: v479729.b1930.s383, NAD: SE/GLA/12703) Link.

The format of the source code for Mälmo differs from the source code for Göteborg. Below is the emigrant register for Mälmo for the year 1888 showing Botilla P. Månsdotter age 25 leaving from Backaryd going to Chicago on the 31st of May 1888.

botilla emigration recordEmigrantregister EmiReg:7 (1887-1888) Image 1030 / page 191 (AID: v830638.b1030.s191, NAD: ) Link.

The source code is 3245: 1930. The format of the source code is entry number and contract number.  To find Botilla’s manifest, one does the following:

  • Return to the volume list in the police archives for Poliskammaren i Malmö.
  • Search for the volume for the year 1888 that includes the entry number 3245.
  • The information box will show the ranges of entry numbers for the volume. See below.

malmo entrySearching for Malmö passenger ship manifess for year 1888 and entry #3245

  • Open the volume and search for entry number 3245. The entry numbers are in numerical order. The contract number is next to the entry number. Below is the manifest.

botilla manifestPoliskammaren i Malmö (M) D3:28 (1888-1888) Image 1150 / page 250 (AID: v449930.b1150.s250, NAD: SE/MSA/00780) Link.

You can find an article, Introduction to Swedish Passenger Ship Manifests, on our website that gives more information about the manifests as well as heading translations.

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Additions to the estate inventory register

Last summer, ArkivDigital launched a searchable name register for estate inventories, which we discussed in an earlier blog. Go to the earlier blog.

Now, additional name searchable indexes for a large number of estate inventories from the district and city courts in Värmland, Älvsborg along with Göteborgs och Bohus counties have been recently added.

estateinventorygunnarssonSearching in the estate inventory register.

The estate inventory register already included indexes from Gotland, Gävleborg, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Uppsala, Västerbotten, Västernorrland and Östergötland counties. However, no county is complete and the amount of searchable index entries for each county varies. You can find out what district and city courts and years, the estate inventory register covers by going to this link: https://www.arkivdigital.se/online/register/bouppteckningar. More indexes will be added to the register in the future.

In order to access the estate inventory register, one must have an All-in-one subscription. The register is only available in the web version of our software, which you will find here: https://arkivdigital.net/products/adonline/installation

Read original blog in Swedish.

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Name Searchable Indexes in ArkivDigital

Swedish genealogy is becoming easier as new name searchable indexes become available in ArkivDigital. Most of these indexes are found only in the All-in-One subscription. The Population of Sweden 1950 index is found in both the base and All-in-One subscriptions. Today, we will review the name searchable indexes that exist in ArkivDigital as well point out the blogs that provide additional information.

You can find the name searchable indexes in ArkivDigital by doing the following:

  • Access  ArkivDigital
  • Select New Index Search
  • Select index source

indexsearchallinoneIndexes available in the All-in-One subscription

Population of Sweden 1950 – Name Searchable of persons living in Sweden in 1950
Available both in base and All-in-One subscriptions
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/name-register-searches-in-arkivdigitals-web-version/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/advanced-searching/

Population of Sweden 1960 – Name Searchable index of persons living in Sweden in 1960
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/advanced-searching/

Population of Sweden 1860 to 1930 – Name index of household/congregation records between 1860 and 1930
Only available in All-in-One Subscription

http://blog.arkivdigital.net/population-of-sweden-1880-1920-grows-and-now-becomes-1860-1920/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/ten-years-added-to-arkivdigitals-largest-name-register/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/advanced-searching/

Swedes in US 1940 – All persons in 1940 United States Census who mentioned their birth place was Sweden
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/new-register-swedes-in-us-1940/

Inventory of estate – Searchable name index for estate inventories
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/digital-searchable-estate-inventory-register-now-in-arkivdigital/

Portrait collection – Personal photographs from three Stockholm photography studios
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/a-quarter-of-a-million-portrait-images/

Birth index – Index of births between 1666 and 1894 for Western Södermanland
Marriage index - Index of marriages between 1666 and 1894 for Western Södermanland
Death index - Index of deaths between 1666 and 1894 for Western Södermanland
Only available in All-in-One Subscription
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/registers-for-birth-death-and-marriage-records-1666-1894-for-vastra-sodermanland/

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Ten years added to ArkivDigital’s largest name register!

Last fall, ArkivDigital’s largest name register became even larger. The Population of Sweden index grew by twenty years from 1880-1920 to 1860 to 1920. Now another decade has been added, so the register spans seventy years, from 1860 to 1930.

The Population of Sweden 1860-1930 is Sweden’s largest name register and includes now about 85 million register posts collected from 30,553 volumes. The register includes all persons who are named in Sweden’s household and congregation books created during those years. This means that a person who moved often will be found several times in the indexes, which explains why the register is many times greater that what Sweden’s population was at the time.

The register is not only the largest one that exists in Sweden, it is probably the easiest to use. All search results contain a direct link to the source. You click on the link and find immediately your relative in the original volume. Very smooth and easy!

1860-1920- Hulda ElisabetImage: Searching in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930

The register Population of Sweden 1860-1930 is included in ArkivDigital’s All-in-one subscription. In ArkivDigital’s web version, you click “New index search” and select “Population of Sweden 1860-1930” under “Index source”. Then you can begin to search by entering the desired name in the search box under “Search index”.

If the name of the person is unusual, it is often enough just to enter the first and last name, but for more common names, for example for the name, Andersson, the birth date or the birthplace should be entered.

 

One should start with a broad search by entering as little as possible. If the search results are too many, add additional information until the search results become manageable. Then click on the desired entry and all the details will be displayed. Under the heading “Links” is a direct link to the original record in the original volume.

The household records (from the 1900’s called congregation books in English) were the most important set of public records, a generally geographically organized general register of residents in the parish where information from other church books (birth, marriage and death books, etc.) were noted along with additional information such as movements within or out of the parish.

 

These records were created for most of Sweden except for a few large parishes within Stockholm city. Instead during the years 1878-1926, a new municipal organization was created called the Roteman’s Institution (rotemansinstitutionen). Stockholm was divided into a number of districts called rotar.  In each district or rote, there was a city employee (roteman) responsible for recording the population statistics. Therefore, many people living in Stockholm are missing in the Population of Sweden 1860-1930 index. They can be found in the Rotemansarkivet 1878-1926 which is found on the Stockholm City Archives free website.

With the update of the Population in Sweden to 1930, ArkivDigital now has more than 100 million registry entries, easily accessible to anyone with an All-In-one subscription, and most of them with a link directly to the source.

 

Read original blog in Swedish.

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Swedish American Church Book Record Types

ArkivDigital’s online library includes many Swedish American church books from Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska and a few from Missouri, Oklahoma and Wisconsin. Below are the types of records that you will find in the various congregations However, the type of records that were kept and preserved varies by congregation.

  1. Congregation records or church registers (Församlingsböcker)
  2. Birth and christening records (Födelse- och dopböcker)
  3. Marriage records (Vigselböcker)
  4. Death and burial records (Död- och begravningsböcker)
  5. Catechetical records (Konfirmationsbok)
  6. Protocols (Protokoll)
  7. Accountings (Räkenskaper)
  8. Member reception records (Intagna medlemmar)
  9. Member dismissal records (Utträdda medlemmar)
  10. Anniversary documents (Jubileumsskrift)

Congregation Books (Församlingsböcker)
The congregation records or church registers include similar information to the Swedish household or congregation records. The type of information you may find includes:  the names of the household members, birth date, birth place, baptismal date, marriage dates of the head of the household, arrival date in America and arrival date in the congregation. Some of these books have alphabetical name indexes. These records are very helpful in identifying where a person came from in Sweden.

Omaha Congregation RecordCongregation book from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:1 (1868-1890) Image 74 / page 69 (AID: v883292.b74.s69, NAD: ) Link.

Birth and Christening Records (Födelse- och dopböcker)
The birth and christening records are somewhat similar to the Swedish birth and christening records. The contents do vary by congregation but they usually contain the child’s name, birth date, baptismal date, names of parents and names of baptismal witnesses.  Most of the time the mother’s married name and not maiden name is presented. These records are organized in chronological order often by baptismal date. Occasionally, there is a cross reference to the family in the church register or congregation record.

omaha birthsRecords of baptisms from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 21 / page 35 (AID: v883294.b21.s35, NAD: ) Link.

Marriage Records (Vigselböcker)
The marriage records are an important source because it is the one source where the female’s maiden name is shown. The contents in the marriage record usually include the names of the groom and bride, date of the marriage and the places where the bride and groom are from. These records are organized in chronological order.

omaha marriageRecords of Marriages from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 59 / page 173 (AID: v883294.b59.s173, NAD: ) Link.

Death and Burial Records (Död- och begravningsböcker)
The death and burial records sometimes called “Records of Funerals” show the deceased’s name, death date, burial date, age, sometimes names of nearest relatives and cause of death. Unfortunately, abbreviations may be used in names such as “P. A. Swanson” versus the complete name and married women are often noted as “Mrs. Charles Eklund”.  These are organized in chronological order usually by the funeral date. Occasionally, there is a cross reference to the family in the church register or congregation record.

omaha burialsRecords of Funerals from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 98 / page 291 (AID: v883294.b98.s291, NAD: ) Link.

Catechetical (Konfirmationsbok)
The catechetical records provide names of the persons confirmed. Most of the time, these are only list of names but occasionally, the birth date and the names of the parents of the confirmed will be shown.

Protocols (Protokoll)
The protocols are administrative records for the parish. They contain minutes of administrative meetings and decisions relating to parish matters.

Accountings (Räkenskaper)
The account books will include records of financial transactions such as cash books, bookkeeping records and real estate transactions.

Member reception records (Intagna medlemmar)
These records record new members of the parish usually stating the name of the person, date of admission and the place where the person came from.

Member dismissal records (Utträdda medlemmar)
These records record the names of members who leave the parish. Usually, you will find the name of the person, departure date and where the person is going to.

omaha dismissalRecords of Dismissals of Members from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 85 / page 247 (AID: v883294.b85.s247, NAD: ) Link.

Church anniversary document (Jubileumsskrift)
In many congregation archives you will find a church anniversary document celebrating a number of years in existence such as 25 years, 50 years, 75 years or 100 years. These documents usually present a short history of the church or a church organization such as a singing group or other group within the church. Sometimes in addition to the history of the church, biographical information and photos of members of the church are included.

Other documents (Övriga handlingar)
You may find other documents dependent upon the parish such as church school records, tomb or cemetery records, historical notes, church constitution, and attachments to migration records, newspaper clippings and other types of documents.

More information about Swedish American church books:
Searching for a parish of origin in the Kansas church books.

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Regna local historical society’s archive

For all family and local history researchers with interest in Regna parish in North Östergötland, we want to point out a very interesting resource, the Regna local historical society’s archive (Regna hembygdsförenings arkiv). Recently, selected sections of the society’s archive have been added to ArkivDigital’s online archive.

The archive consists of many types of documents, such as extracts from court protocols, bills of exchange, private letters, purchase documents and examination catalogs. Parts of the collection are sorted by farms / villages, making it easy to find documents for a particular farm or city. Many of the documents were collected in the 1930s, 40s and 50s when three men, Adolf Guditz, Herbert Larsson and Axel E. Ericsson visited the farms and collected the material.

Among the many documents we have photographed include 17 volumes of wonderful photographs. The album includes photographs of people living in Regna, taken from the middle of the 1800’s and forward. Many of the persons in the photos are identified with information about their place of residence as well as birth and death year.

regnaA page out of a photo album. On the left side, we see home owner Anders Eriksson (1823-1909) in Gåsnäs and on the right side we home owner Erik Eriksson (born 1828) in Börstorp. Link.

In order to access Regna local historical society’s archive in ArkivDigital:

  • Select New archive search.
  • Enter Regna hembygdsförening in the search box and click search.

The material is divided into six archives:

  • Regna hembygdsförening
  • Regna hembygdsförening: Adolf Guditz efterlämnade handlingar
  • Regna hembygdsförening: Axel E. Ericsson
  • Regna hembygdsförening: Fotoalbum
  • Regna hembygdsförening: Göntorps gårdsarkiv
  • Regna hembygdsförening: Herbert Larssons samling

Read original blog in Swedish.

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What does NAD mean?

We have received a couple of questions from some of our English-speaking customers asking what does NAD mean in the ArkivDigital source citations? NAD is an abbreviation for the National Archive Database (Nationell Arkivdatabas). When anyone creates a source citation for an ArkivDigital record by clicking on the copy icon in the application and then selecting copy source identifier, there is a NAD reference in the citation.

source identifier 2The source citation for the above birth record in Brunskog parish in Värmland county created by using the copy source identifier function is: Brunskog (S) CI:3 (1782-1844) Image 76 / page 143 (AID: v5046.b76.s143, NAD: SE/VA/13065).

In this case the NAD reference code is SE/VA/13065. The code elements include a country code (SE) for Sweden, archive code (VA) an abbreviation for the Värmland regional archive and a collection code (13065) referring to the collection materials or in this case the church book collection for Brunskog parish.

You can also find the National Archive Database reference code in the parish archive info box in ArkivDigital. Whenever one looks for an archive such as a parish archive, one will see two tabs at the top of page: volumes and archive info as shown below.

archiveNAD

More information about the archive is displayed in the info box. For most Swedish archives, you will also see NAD with a reference code as shown in the image above. You can click on the reference code which is a direct link to the National Archive Database which lists all the volumes that exist in the archives for this collection.

This is a good tool to use to determine if a volume actually exists. For example, let us search for a death record in Brunskog parish for the year 1931. When we search for death books in ArkivDigital, we find that the books only go up to 1928.

brunskogdeath

To check if there is an original death book for 1931, click on the archive info box for Brunskog parish and click on the NAD reference code which provides a direct link to the National Archive Database. There we will see that the 1931 death records are included  in the volume FI:7 1928-1952 as shown in the image below.

brunskogsarchive

Since this volume has records that are protected by the 70-year privacy law, the book is not available in ArkivDigital.  However, you will find the death record extracts for 1931 in the SCB collection in ArkivDigital. Click here for more information about the SCB collection.

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Stockholm City Church Book Registers

Researching in the larger cities can often be both difficult and time consuming. For those who research in Stockholm city, there is now a welcome addition in ArkivDigital, name registers for many of the Stockholm city church books.

During the fall, ArkivDigital had added church registers for the parishes in Stockholm city. We have published registers for birth, marriage, death books as well as household and moving in/out books. The registers are found in the archives for the respective parishes (in the form of images and currently the registers are not searchable by name). The types of registers and years covered vary by parish.

The registers that we have photographed are typewritten and were created by the Stockholm city archives. In addition to these registers, you will find in many of the Stockholm city parishes older, handwritten name registers that were created by the respective parish.

Stockholm city registerA page out the Klara parish death book register for the years 1748-1860. The register is organized alphabetically and gives a reference to the volume and page number where you will find the complete record. Link.

The information given in the above death register includes the deceased’s name, occupation or title, death date, burial date, church book volume and page number.

In the example for Mathilda Erica Lindberg (enclosed in a red box), the following information is shown:

  • Name – Mathilda Erica
  • Title – Maid (piga)
  • Death Date – 13 July 1848
  • Burial Date – 16 July
  • Church book volume – FIa:9
  • Page number – 15

Thus, one just needs to return to the Klara parish archive and search for the volume FIa:9, open the book and go to page 15. There you will find the complete death record as shown in the image below.

stockholm death 2Klara (AB, A) FIa:9 (1848-1860) Image 12 / page 16 (AID: v87412.b12.s16, NAD: SE/SSA/0010) Link.

Read the original blog in Swedish by clicking here.

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