Birth Record Reading Example

frossa birth recordForssa (D) C:1 (1682-1798) Image 59 / page 95 (AID: v55123.b59.s95, NAD: SE/ULA/10279) (Link)

Today, we will present a lesson in reading a birth record in the 1700’s. The above record is a birth record from 1762 in Forssa parish in Södermanland county. For many experienced researchers, this may appear to be clear and easy to read but for many new researchers this record may seem intimidating.

When looking at the birth records and the same can be said for marriage and death records one needs to become familiar with the minister’s format style for the record. In this case the minister has chosen the following format:

  1. Birth month
  2. Birth day
  3. Baptismal day
  4. Names of parents
  5. Name of the place of residence in the parish (e.g. farm, village, estate)
  6. Child’s Name
  7. Names of baptismal witnesses
  8. Entry number

In this case the child was born on the 12th of July 1762 and baptized on the 18th of July 1762. We know the year is 1762 because that is noted on the top of the page.

The minister has written the names of the parents: Per Andersson, h. Carin Persdotter. The abbreviation “h” is short for hustru or wife.

The place in the parish where the family lives is Stavsjöstugan. If you have difficulty in transcribing the place of residence, check to see if there is household book for that period and look in the place name index for a place that looks similar.

You will need the place name in the birth book to find the family in the household book. Below is the place name index for the corresponding household book You can see in the index at the bottom of the page that the household records for Stavsjöstugan begin on page 61. You will go to page 61 and then begin to look for the family.

The child’s name is Carin.

The names of the baptismal witnesses as written: Per Bengtsson i Spånga, dr. Carl Ericsson i Stavsjöstugan, hust. Maria Lars dtr i Spånga, pig. Cherstin Pers dtr ibidem.

The following abbreviations were used in recording the names of the witnesses:

  • i – in, at
  • dräng - farmhand
  • hust. –  abbreviation for hustru or wife
  • pig. – abbreviation for piga or maid
  • dtr – Often you will see “dtr” as an abbreviation for dotter or daughter in the name. The full names in this case are Maria Larsdotter and Cherstin Persdotter.
  • ibidem – Latin term meaning the same

The entry number 10 states that this was the 10th birth entry for the year.

You can see that one really doesn’t need to know Swedish to read the record. The record is primarily a table of names, dates and places. Yes, there are a few Swedish words but these words are used repeatedly in the church books so one just needs to become familiar with a few Swedish words to become comfortable reading the records.

ort name indexForssa (D) AI:2 (1757-1766) Image 5 (AID: v55102.b5, NAD: SE/ULA/10279) (Link)

Click here for more birth record reading examples.

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Tracing Moves in the Church Books

One of the most common questions that one receives when one shows the household records to beginning researchers is: “Why are the names crossed out?”.  The simple answer is that the names are crossed out when the person moves to another place or dies.

In this blog, we will show a case of someone moving to another place in the same parish.

Movements to and from a place are noted in the moving (flyttat) columns. In the record below, there are two moving columns: one showing movement to this place from another place and one showing movement to a new place.

  • The column noted with an “A” shows the place (parish, city or page in the household book with the date) where the person came from and the date.
  • The column noted with a “B” shows the place (parish, city or page in the household book) where the persons is moving to and the date.

correct HFL with moving in and outLysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 64 / page 54 (AID: v12038.b64.s54, NAD: SE/VA/13349) (Link)

In the above record, we see three movements for Maria, Olof Larsson’s barn (child) at the place, Backa, in Lysvik parish in Värmland county.

  1. f. 481 5/11 67. She moves to a place on page 481 in the same household book on the 5th of November 1867. See image below.
  2. f. 481 4/11 68. She moves back to this place (Backa) from the place on page 481 (Åsegård) in this parish book on the 4th of November 1868. The household record showing her living at Åsegård is shown below.
  3. f. 532 19/10 70. She moves to a place on page 532 (Öjenäs) in the same household book on the 19th of October 1870. See Lysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 577 / page 532 (AID: v12038.b577.s532, NAD: SE/VA/13349).

moving in hfl2Lysvik (S) AI:17 (1866-1870) Image 522 / page 481 (AID: v12038.b522.s481, NAD: SE/VA/13349)  (Link)

The abbreviation “f” in the moving column means folio or page. Other abbreviations for page include “s” (sida) or “p” (pagina).

Click here for more information on the household records with column translation headings.

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Swedish Estate Inventory (Bouppteckning) Tutorials and Blogs

Estate Inventory Karl Johan ÖgrenAska, Dals och Bobergs domsaga FII:2 (1909-1909) Image 140 / page 3 (AID: v513944.b140.s3, NAD: SE/VALA/01625) (Link)

The Swedish Church Books are a gold mine for the Swedish genealogist providing a wealth of information and are usually the first source to use when researching one’s Swedish heritage. But there are many additional types of records that can help in researching one’s ancestor and gaining a better understanding of how one’s ancestor lived. One very wonderful resource is the bouppteckning or the estate inventory.

Today, we would like to provide a summary of our English tutorials and blogs providing tips on how to get started and researching in the estate inventories as well as the certificates of poverty in Stockholm.

  • Introduction to Swedish estate inventory research
    https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/swedish-estate-inventories (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/estate-inventory-bouppteckning-reading-example (Link)
  • Tips for finding an estate inventory register in an estate inventory volume
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/tips-for-finding-an-estate-inventory-register-in-an-estate-inventory-volume (Link)
  • Solving a genealogical mystery using an estate inventory
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/where-did-klara-settle-in-north-america (Link)
  • Browsing in the estate inventories
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/the-daughters-dowries (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/burial-costs (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/estate-inventory-more-than-300-pages (Link)
  • Introduction to the certificates of poverty in Stockholm
    https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/fattigbevis (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/certificate-of-poverty-fattigbevis-in-stockholm-city (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/introduction-to-the-certificate-of-poverty-fattigbevis (Link)

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Abbreviations in the Swedish Church Books

The Swedish church books are wonderful records. Most of the time, one can follow one’s ancestor from birth to emigration or death in the church books using a combination of the vital records (birth, marriage and death), household/congregation books and sometimes the moving records.

At conferences and presentations, we receive many questions about researching in the church books and some will ask about abbreviations they have encountered in their research. One common question is what do the abbreviations “GB” and “NB” mean?

  • GB is the abbreviation for gamla bok or old book.
  • NB is the abbreviation for nya bok or new book.

Often in the household books/congregation books in the latter nineteenth century and twentieth century you will see these abbreviations in the moving in and moving out columns. In the record shown below, you see the abbreviation “GB 124” in the moving in column (Hitflyttad) and the abbreviation “NB 166” in the moving out column (Bortflyttad) for Anders Johansson and his family who are living at Torpet Stubben in Barkeryd parish in Jönköping county. This record is in the household book for Barkeryd parish for the years 1891-1899.

GB and NB exampleBarkeryd (F) AI:25 (1891-1899) Image 226 / page 212 (AID: v18935.b226.s212, NAD: SE/VALA/00025) (Link)

In this case, the abbreviation “GB 124” is stating that we can find the family in the previous household book on page 124 or in the household book Barkeryd (F) AI:24(1885-1890) on page 124 as shown in the image below.

previous GB exampleBarkeryd (F) AI:24 (1885-1890) Image 136 / page 124 (AID: v18934.b136.s124, NAD: SE/VALA/00025) (Link)

The abbreviation “NB 166” is stating that we can find the family in the subsequent household book on page 166 or in the book Barkeryd (F) AIIa:1 (1900-1905) on page 166 as shown in the image below.

second NB exampleBarkeryd (F) AIIa:1 (1900-1905) Image 176 / page 166 (AID: v168900.b176.s166, NAD: SE/VALA/00025) (Link)

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Beginning Swedish Research Tutorials

churchbooksummaryAlgutsrum (H) CI:3 (1779-1854) Image 104 / page 203 (AID: v37085.b104.s203, NAD: SE/VALA/00005) Link.

Are you new to Swedish research and don’t know how to get started? Want to know more on how to research in the Swedish church books? Today, we would like to provide a summary of our English tutorials and blogs providing tips on how to get started and researching in the church books.

Tips for beginning Swedish research
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/research-tips (Link)

Introduction to Swedish Church Books
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/swedish-church-books (Link)

Birth Record Examples
1700’s birth record example (Link)
1800’s birth record example (Link)
1814 Christmas birth reading example (Link)

Marriage Record Examples
1700’s marriage record example (Link)
1800’s marriage record example (Link)
Marriage record example from Jönköping (Link)

Death Record Examples
1700’s death record example (Link)
1800’s death record example (Link)
Death record example from Söderfors parish (Link)

Household Record Example
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/late-1800s-household-examination-record-example (Link)

Moving In/Out Records Example
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/moving-records (Link)

Case Study – Searching for Birth Record
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/birth-record-search-and-reading-example/ (Link)

Case Study – Searching for Household Record
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/search-for-household-record-and-reading-example/ (Link)

ArkivDigital

Information sources in the ArkivDigital program

In the ArkivDigital program, there are information boxes that can help you in your search for records. Here are examples of a few.

When one enters a name of a parish archive or other name in the search box in the archive search form, the search results will appear on the right side. When you click on the desired parish, the row is highlighted in gray.

forshem search

Once you click on the selected parish, the volume list for the parish appears on the right side.

interface explanations

Below are explanations of parts of the search form numbered 1 to 4.

  1. Here you see what was typed in the search box (Forsh), which brought up four hits including the desired parish. Forshem is the third one in the list.
  2. You can open and close the search form by clicking on the magnifying glass.
  3. Click on “Archive info” and you will get more information about the archive.

nad box

  1. (A) Information on which county the parish is in. In this case Forshem is in Skaraborg county.
  2.  (B) Link to NAD or the National Archive Database at the National Archives. There is an abbreviation for the actual regional archive. (GLA = Göteborg Regional Archive). By clicking on the link, your browser will direct you to the regional archive where you can find a list of the physical volumes that exist in the archive.
  3. (C) Information about the organization of the parish. In this case, it states that since January 1, 1962, Forshem is the mother parish in the Forshem, Fullösa, Medelplana, Västerplana, Österplana och Kestad parishes’ pastorat. Up to December 31, 1961, Forshem was the mother parish in the Forshem, Kinne-Vedum och Fullösa parishes’ pastorat. You can more information about mother parishes and annex parishes in a previously published blog. Go to the blog.
  4. (D)Stift is the name of the diocese that the parish belongs to. In this case the diocese is Skara. Härad or district is the name of the district that the parish belongs to. In this case, the district is Kinne. The district is important to know when you are searching for the district tax registers.

In this box, you can also find other information about the archive. As an example, you may see a note that the records were partially destroyed by fire.

4. The symbol “i” indicates that there is more information on the volume. Hold the cursor over the “i” and a box with more information will appear.

information box

You can see the same information by clicking once on the volume that has an “i”. The list of the volumes moves to the left and the information is shown on the right. There is also a button to click on to open the volume.

information box 2

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Swedish Military Blogs

We receive many questions about Swedish military research at conferences and trade shows in North America. Many North Americans discover that one of their ancestors was in the Swedish military serving in the infantry, cavalry or as a båtsman in the Swedish Navy and wish to discover more about their ancestor’s military service.

ArkivDigital’s online library includes many military records from the 1600’s to the 20th century. In our blog, you will find articles about some of the military records in ArkivDigital as well as a few tutorials in how to research your Swedish military ancestor. Today we present a summary of the Swedish military blogs you can find in our English blog.

military recordsGeneralmönsterrullor – Värmlands regemente (S) 216 (1851-1855) Image 2300 (AID: v46609a.b2300, NAD: SE/KrA/0023) Link.

  • Military Rolls (1620-1723)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/military-rolls-rullor-1620-1723/ (Link)
  • Researching in the General Muster Rolls
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/research-soldiers-in-the-general-muster-rolls-example-jan-fras/ (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/statistical-digest-of-the-swedish-army-system-grill/ (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/general-muster-rolls/ (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/general-muster-roll-column-headings/ (Link)
  • Naval (Flottan)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/navy-flottan-documents-an-overview/(Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/boatman-rolls-batsmansrullor-a-unique-source/ (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/naval-ship-muster-rolls-skeppsmonsterrullor/ (Link)
  • Military Pension Records
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/soldier-pension-documents-pensioner-olof-ceder/ (Link)
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/more-military-pension-documents-in-arkivdigital/ (Link)
  • Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers’ Service Records
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/armys-pension-funds-list-of-qualifications-armens-pensionskassas-meritband/ (Link)
  • Great Northern War Documents
    http://blog.arkivdigital.net/swedish-soldiers-captured-at-poltava-what-can-one-discover-about-them/ (Link)

ArkivDigital

Swedish National Agriculture Census 1944

For our customers who have an All-in-one subscription, we want to mention that the 1944 Swedish national agricultural census is now accessible. If you have an All-in-one subscription, you can find the 1944 agriculture census by doing the following:

  • Go to archive search
  • Enter SCB in the source box
  • Select: Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944

The material covers all of Sweden and includes information for approximately 400 farms. The archive consists of forms filled out and signed by the owner or tenant of each farm.

1944-1Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944  H1AB:78 (1944-1944) Image 240 (AID: v835732.b240, NAD: SE/RA/4204012004) Link.

The picture above shows the form that Knut Andersson at Gärdslätt rusthåll, in Rinna parish in Östergötland county filled out. The property consisted of 97 hectares or about 240 acres of land with the following divisions:

  • Arable land – 26 hectares
  • Garden – 1 ½ hectares
  • Pasture – 5 hectares
  • Forest area – 61 hectares
  • Other grounds – 3.5 hectares

The form also shows that Knut owned a seeding machine, a reaper, a hay baler, a horse rake on wheels and a tractor. There was also water and electrical power on the farm.

The results of the agriculture census were compiled by Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) in a 570-page report. The report can be downloaded from Statistics Sweden’s website. Go to the report.

The 1944 agricultural census also includes another form which provides information on what crops were grown and the livestock on the farm. We have not yet scanned this form but we will be scanning it in the future. Our goal is to begin the scanning before the end of the year. Once the form is online, our All-in-one’s customers will have access to detailed information about the crops grown and livestock on each farm.

Note - The National Agriculture Census 1944 ( Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944) archive is only accessible for customers with an All-in one subscription. More information is available our website.

Read original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Fugitive, Ingrid Hansdotter, from Lyrestad

skaraborg noticeLänskungörelser, Skaraborgs län (R) Vol:29 (1802-1802) Image 670 (AID: v839541.b670, NAD: ) Link.

Sedan den för tredje gången öfwad stöld häcktade och i Fängelset härstädes förwarade Qwinspersonen Ingrid Hansdotter från Lyrestad, fått tillfälle att från Fånghuset sig begifwa och flygten taga, utan at hon genom anwända sorgfällig efterspaning kunnat ärtappas, så blifwer hon härigenom efterlyst med befallning till Krono- och Stadsbetiente at Ingrid på det nogaste eftersöka och i händelse hon anträffas, henne gripa och under säkraste bewakning hitbringa. Ingrid Hansdotter är wid pass 30 år gammal, liten och fetlagd till wäxten med koppärrigt ansigte, klädd wid afwikandet i blå linne kjortel och tröija, hwitt kläde omkring halsen, skor och strumpor. Mariaholm å Landskansliet den 15 Maji 1802.

For the third time, the female, Ingrid Hansdotter from Lyrestad, was confined to prison here for stealing. She has escaped from prison and despite a careful search has not been found. By order of the town-sergeant, she is hereby sought and in the event she is captured, she should be brought here under secure guard. Ingrid Hansdotter is around 30 years old, small and a little on the stout side with a pock-marked face. At the time of her disappearance, she was dressed in a blue linen skirt and sweater with a white cloth around her neck and had on shoes and stockings. Mariaholm at Landskansliet (County Secretariat) on the 15th of May 1802.



The above notice is from the 1802 public announcements (allmänna kungörelser) for the county secretariat (landskansliet) in Skaraborg county. The county secretariat published notices of all types, but some of these notices contain descriptions which make them interesting to read. In spite of the fact that the example shown above is from a time when cameras did not exist, the description of her appearance and clothes helps us create a picture of how Ingrid looked at the time of her disappearance.

You can find the public announcements (kungörelser) for Skaraborg county, in the English version by:

  • Select new archive search
  • Select county: Skaraborg
  • Select archive type, country cabinet
  • Select archive, Länskungörelser, Skaraborgs län

The archive includes volumes covering an approximately 150-year period from the middle of the 1700’s forward.

 

Click here to read original article in Swedish.

 

ArkivDigital

Where did Klara settle in North America?

While we have often mentioned that one of the greatest challenges for many North Americans is to identify the parish where their Swedish ancestor originated from. However, once the mystery is solved, it is usually fairly easy to trace the family backwards in time in the Swedish records. Primarily because the records are so complete especially with household records that were updated yearly.

Finding where a Swedish emigrant immigrated to in North America can often be just as challenging if not more so especially with women who emigrated unmarried and then later married in North America.

This was the challenge that Todd Johnson faced in trying to research one of his ancestors, Klara Jonasdotter, who was born on the 15th of March 1859 in Håbol parish in Värmland. She emigrated from Dals-Ed parish in 1882 to North America. See image below.

householdklaraDals-Ed (P) AI:17 (1876-1885) Image 34 / page 27 (AID: v3863.b34.s27, NAD: SE/GLA/13082) Link.

But where in North America? In this case, Klara’s father, Jonas Johansson’s estate inventory provided the clue for locating Klara. By tracing Jonas forward in the household records, Todd discovered that Jonas died on the 6th of October 1901 in Håbol parish.

To trace Jonas further in the household records, one short method is to use the search index for the Population of Sweden 1880 to 1920 in the All-in-One subscription. In this case, just by entering his birth date, 18251119, and the birth parish, Håbol, all the applicable household records until his death appear in the result list. See below.

search-for-jonas

His death is recorded in the Håbol household record for the years 1901-1905. See image below.

jonasdeathhouseholdrecordHåbol (P) AIIa:2 (1901-1905) Image 2940 / page 282 (AID: v199357.b2940.s282, NAD: SE/GLA/13231) Link.

To find the estate inventory, go to the archives for Håbol parish and search for estate inventories. Open the archive and look for an estate inventory register which is a name indexed register. In this case since there is no register for this time period, we have to search for the record page by page beginning with the death date. However, we meet with success and we find the clue about Klara that helped Todd locate her in North America.

estate-inventoryVedbo häradsrätt (P) FIIa:57 (1902-1902) Image 1250 / page 51 (AID: v511345.b1250.s51, NAD: SE/GLA/11120) Link.

The estate inventory shows that Klara is in North America married to Aron Molin in Minnesota. (Klara gift med Aron Molin i Minnesota i Norra Amerika.) By knowing Klara’s husband’s name, Todd was able to do further U.S. research in the U.S census records where Todd discovered that Klara and Aron lived in Nessel township in Chisago county in the state of Minnesota in 1900.

Thanks to Todd Johnson in Minnesota for this research case.

Read more about estate inventories.

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