Tutorials – Swedish Church Books

1700 marriage record

We want to point out that we have some Swedish church book tutorials on our English website. You will find a section, Swedish Genealogy. Here, you will find examples with transcriptions and translations for birth, marriage, death, household examination, and moving records. Below are links to these tutorials.

While our indexes to the birth, marriage, death, and household records provide partial transcriptions, more information is usually in the source. These tutorials will help you, in gaining a better understanding of the Swedish church books.

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English book – Explore Your Swedish Heritage

Do you want to learn more about ArkivDigital and Swedish genealogy? ArkivDigital has published a book in English, Explore Your Swedish Heritage” by Håkan Skogsjö. This book guides one from the first steps of genealogy research to advanced methodologies.

explore-your-swedish-heritage-homepage

This book tells you how to uncover your Swedish origins and your family history through searching archival sources on the internet—church books, estate inventories, military muster rolls, and other historical documents—how to interpret them and how they can be used in your family research. You do genealogical research directly in the original records. And best of all, the book is written from beginning to end from an ArkivDigital perspective. All case study examples use ArkivDigital showing you the search steps for finding the records.

For more information about the book, click here.

In North America, we have a U.S. distributor and a Canadian distributor.

Click here to purchase the book from our U.S. distributor.

Click here to purchase the book from our Canadian distributor.

If you live in country outside of North America and want to purchase an English edition, please contact our customer service at kundtjanst@arkivdigital.se.

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Review of Swedish Military Research Blogs

We receive many questions about Swedish military research at conferences and trade shows in North America. Many North Americans discover that one of their ancestors was in the Swedish military serving in the infantry, cavalry or as a båtsman in the Swedish Navy and wish to discover more about their ancestor’s military service.

You will find many military documents in ArkivDigital’s online library from the 1600’s to the 20th century. In our blog, you will find articles about some of the military records in ArkivDigital as well as a few tutorials detailing how to research your Swedish military ancestor. Today, we present a summary of our English blogs related to Swedish military research.

general muster rollGeneralmönsterrullor – Skaraborgs regemente (R) 475 (1859-1863) Image 22 (AID: v60287.b22, NAD: SE/KrA/0023)

Military Rolls (1620-1723)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/military-rolls-rullor-1620-1723/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/military-rolls-rullor-1620-1723-now-complete/

General Muster Rolls
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/general-muster-rolls/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/general-muster-roll-column-headings/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/research-soldiers-in-the-general-muster-rolls-example-jan-fras/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/easier-to-find-a-soldier-in-the-general-muster-rolls-using-table-of-content-general-muster-list/

Naval (Flottan)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/navy-flottan-documents-an-overview/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/boatman-rolls-batsmansrullor-a-unique-source/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/name-index-for-boatman-rolls-batsmansrullor/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/naval-ship-muster-rolls-skeppsmonsterrullor/

Military Pension Records
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/soldier-pension-documents-pensioner-olof-ceder/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/more-military-pension-documents-in-arkivdigital/

Officers and Non-commissioned Officers Service Records
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/armys-pension-funds-list-of-qualifications-armens-pensionskassas-meritband/

War Documents of the Great Northern War
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/swedish-soldiers-captured-at-poltava-what-can-one-discover-about-them/

Military Service Cards (1901-1950)
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/military-service-cards-stamkort-search-index/
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/additions-to-the-military-service-cards-stamkort-index/

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Find the correct tax register with our new index!

When the household records and other church books are missing, the tax registers (mantalslängder) become an important source for researchers. To easily find the correct tax register for a particular parish for a certain year has often been up until now a challenge. Since there were three copies of the tax registers, there have been three places to search for these records:

  • Mantalslängder 1642-1820 found in the chamber archive (English version)
  • In the respective county archive along with the respective district court (for parishes in rural areas) or the city courts.
  • kronokamrers, crown treasurer (kronokassörs), census office (mantalskontors), taxation authority (uppbördsverks) or kommunalborgmästares archive (for parishes in the city)

Once the desired volume was found, it was necessary to locate the records for the desired parish, not always the easiest task especially when there is no parish register.

The new index, Table of content censuses, searching for the tax register makes this much easier.

  • Select Index search.
  • Under index source, select Table of content censuses.
  • Enter the desired parish name and year and click search.
  • Click open image for the desired entry in the result list and the first page of the tax register appears.

tax register index

On February 20, 1904, a fire at the vicarage in Kville destroyed large parts of the church archive. In order to facilitate the research, ArkivDigital has photographed the tax registers for Kville together with the annex parishes even after 1820 (which is usually the end year that we photograph tax registers). In the image above, you see the results list when one searches for the parish Kville for the selected years 1845-1859.

The Table of content censuses consists of nearly 440,000 index entries collected from approximately 9,200 volumes. In order to access the Table of content censuses, one must have an All-in-one subscription.

Additional Table of Content Censuses Search Tips

  • The county information refers to the county that the parish belonged to in the mid 1900’s, Historically, the parish may have belonged to a different county than what is today.
  • The tax registers were usually taken by parish and by city respectively. This also applies in cities with several parishes. Thus, if you are interested in tax register from Jönköping, search for “Jönköpings stad” versus Jönköpings Sofia or Jönköpings Kristina. Stockholm city is however an exception from the rule. Some tax registers were taken for the whole city and while others by parish. There search for both the city of Stockholm and the name of the parish in question. For Göteborg the tax registers ae organized by parish from 1883 forward but for previous years search for the city of Göteborg.
  • Sometimes there were separate tax registers for market towns (köpingar), municipalities along with mills, mines and similar institutions. If there is a separate tax register for a mill for example, distinct from the regular parish tax register, we have created a separate index entry which includes both the parish and the mill’s name (brukets namn) for example “Njutånger: Iggesunds bruk”. If the mill is included as part of the parish’s tax register, there is usually no separate index for the mill.

Click here to see original entry about tax register search tips in Swedish.

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Discover Emigration Place in the Swedish Estate Inventory!

When one researches one’s Swedish heritage, the first books one usually looks at are the Swedish church books because they contain so much information and are so complete. The next set of Swedish historical records many look at are the estate inventories. These rich records provide genealogical information as well as detailing the assets and debts of the deceased which helps one gain a deeper understanding of one’s ancestor’s life. (See Swedish estate inventory tutorial).

The first section of the estate inventory gives information about the deceased and names the heirs and often includes the place where each heir lives. For heirs who have emigrated, sometimes it gives only the country such as USA but sometimes there is detailed information as to where the person lives including street address, city and state. Below is an example of an estate inventory performed on the 15th of November 1917 for Jan Henrik Persson from Lövastorp at Sjöstads allmänning in Ölme parish.

estate inventory addressesÖlme, Visnums och Väse häradsrätt (S) FII:23 (1917-1918) Image 4220 / Page 6 (AID: v441699.b4220.s6, NAD: SE/VA/11141)

Three of his children had emigrated to North America. The cities and states of residence are listed for all three and for one even the street address. How nice is this! The children who emigrated are:

Transcription

  • Sonen – Jan Petter Jansson-Alm, bosatt i Eagle Bend, Minnesota, Nord Amerika.
  • Sonen – Anders Gustaf Jansson-Alm bosatt i Kasota, Minnesota, Nord Amerika.
  • Dotter – Lovisa Hallberg, född Jansson, gift med Hotellvården Johan Fredrik Hallberg, bosatt i 705 West Superior street, Duhlut, Minnesota, Nord America.

 English Translation

  • Son – Jan Petter Jansson-Alm, living at Eagle Bend, Minnesota, North America.
  • Son – Anders Gustaf Jansson-Alm living in Kasota, Minnesota, North America.
  • Daughter – Lovisa Hallberg, born Jansson, married to hotel keeper Johan Fredrik Hallberg, living at 705 West Superior street, Duluth, Minnesota, North America.

ArkivDigital is in the process of indexing by name the estate inventories. Click here to read more about our estate inventory registers.

Click here for more blogs about estate inventories.

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New search index for Agricultural Statistics 1944

In the church books and other Swedish historical records, we discover many ancestors and relatives who owned or worked on farms. One title one often sees is hemmansägare (home owner or owner of the farm). But what was the practical life like for a person with this title?

When we are talking about rural life in the middle of the 20th century, a useful source, Swedish National Agricultural Census of 1944, has been available in the All-in-one version of ArkivDigital for over a year. It has been somewhat difficult to search in the census but now a name searchable index also in the All-in-one version has been created to ease the search. You can search by the farmer’s name, place name and parish. To search, you do the following:

  • Select New index search.
  • Under index source, select Agriculture statistics 1944.
  • Enter the search criteria and click search.

Here is an example. In the Population of Sweden 1950, you will find a Per Georg Eliasson born in 1882 shown as a hemmansägare at Stenviksstrand 1:10 in Ramsele parish in Västernorrland county. See image below.

1950 per georg

1944 agricultural census searchSearch index record – Agriculture statistics 1944 for Per Georg Eliasson

By looking at the Swedish National Agriculture Census of 1944, one can get a better understanding of his life. His farm consisted of 139 hectares or about 343 acres. You will see that the division of the farm included 7 hectares of tilled land or fields, 17 hectares of pasture land and 96 hectares of woods.

1944 agricultural record
Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Byrån för jordbruksstatistik, Allmänna jordbruksräkningen 1944 H1AB:696 (1944) Image 9380 (AID: v836350.b9380, NAD: SE/RA/4204012004)

In addition, the record shows that there was no tractor so horses were used to pull the farm equipment. The cows were milked by hand in the morning and the evening. Also, there was no running water in the house but there was electric lighting. However, a wooden stove was used for the cooking.

The census asked if certain agricultural tools and equipment were used on the farm such as a manure spreader (stallgödselspridare), potato harvester (potatisupptagningsmaskin) plus other tools.

By viewing the National Agricultural Census 1944 record, we have a much better understanding of hemmansägare, Per Georg Eliasson’s life on his farm at Stenviksstrand 1:10.

There are in total 44,000 farms throughout Sweden in the National Agricultural Census 1944 including many small farms as well as some city properties. Thus, you may want to search for persons who live on the outskirts of cities who you may not think of as farmers.

These census forms were filled out primarily by the farmers. Unfortunately, many had poor handwriting resulting in errors in the registration both for personal names and place names (parish name should be correct). Thus, one may need to be creative in the search and search for alternative spellings.

Read the original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Tip for searching in the SCB extracts (birth, marriage death)

The Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) or SCB extracts for birth, marriage and death books between 1925 and 1947 are accessible online with ArkivDigital. We have written about these extracts in previous blogs. (See earlier blog).

These SCB extracts are organized by year, county, type of record and parish. In the past, these extracts were not indexed by parish within ArkivDigital, so one was required to browse the volume to locate the desired parish. Now, these volumes are indexed by parish.

For example, we only have original church death records for the parish of Dalhem in Kalmar county up to 1929 as shown in the below image. Thus, in order to see the death record for 1935, we should look at the 1935 SCB death extracts for Dalhem parish.

dalhem volume list

You will find the SCB extracts in the archive with the long name, Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen. The easiest way to find this archive is to go to “New archive search” and enter “SCB” in the search box. See image below.

scb archive search

Each volume specifies which county and year it covers. To identify the county, roll your mouse over the “i” icon and the county name will appear. If nothing else is mentioned, the volume includes birth, marriage and death records for that year. In other cases, there may be an abbreviation specifying the types of records the volume includes. The abbreviations are: “fbu” (birth records), “vbu” (marriage records) and “dbu” (death records).

scb kalmar 1935

Open the volume and select the drop/down image/page list, you will see that parishes are indexed by parish name and type of book:

  • Födda – birth
  • Döda – death
  • Vigda – marriage

scb parish list

You can browse the list or you can filter the list by entering the name of the parish in the filter box.  Select the death book, click enter and go directly to the page.

filter dalhem

Below is the 1935 SCB death extract for Dalhem parish in Kalmar county.

dalhem death

Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen H1AA:2854 (1935) Image 8910 (AID: v808399.b8910, NAD: SE/RA/42040101)

 

 

ArkivDigital

Name searching tips

The number of name searchable indexes in ArkivDigital continues to increase. Recently the Population of Sweden of 1975 and the military service card indexes were added. You can find these indexes by selecting “New Index Search” and then select the desired index under “Index source”.index search screen

There are two methods for searching: simple and advanced. Today, we will focus on the simple search which is more powerful than one might believe at first glance.

The key for all searches is not to write too much information. Begin with a broad search and then narrow the search.

One example: We will look for a woman named Berta Lungren. Select the index, Population of Sweden 1860-1930, and write in her name “Berta Lundgren” in the search field and click on “Search” (or press Enter). The result list shows 202 matches which feels like too many to search through.

berta lundgren

When I add her birth year to the search criteria, the number of matches is reduced to eight. Four of these refer to the woman I am interested in, born on the 3rd of March 1887 in Odensala. But if I look more closely in the match list, I see one that mentions the birth date as the 31st of March 1887 (which is her correct birth date). If I had entered her full birth date instead of only the year, I would have missed all the matches. Therefore, one should never write in more information than what is needed to get a good search result.

bertil 1887

It is also smart to search the same person using different information, for example only the last name and birth date or only the first name and birth date or only the first and last name (the last only works well with a name that is not common). These methods will increase the chances to find as many possible matches.

Now we will look at some more advanced search techniques.

There are a number of special search characters that can be used for searching.

An example: I want to search for a person named Anders Setterqvist, but I know that his last name can be spelled differently in the records: Setterqvist, Sätterqvist, and Zetterqvist. And sometimes quist is written as qvist. In addition, I have seen different birth years for him in the records.

One can write the following in the search box:
anders (zetterq* | sätterq* | setterq*) (1816 | 1817 | 1818)

The result will be a search of all these spellings and years. The vertical bar (|) means  “or” and the asterisk (*) is used as a wildcard showing all the names that include the letters preceding the asterisk. 

zetterquist

Following is a list of the special characters that can be used in ArkivDigital’s searches.

  • * (asterisk) An asterisk at the end of Bergl* will find Berglind, Bergling, Berglund, etc.
  • “ ” (quotation marks) = exact phrase For example “georg olof” will find Georg Olof but not Olof Georg or George Karl Olof.|
  • | (vertical mark) = or (See above explanation)
  • - (minus sign) = not - For example: -västra frölunda will find Östra Frölunda and Frölunda but not Västra Frölunda
  • + (plus sign) = and – For example: Lundqvist+Lundberg will find all posts which includes both names.
  • ~1 (tilde plus a number) after keyword = approximate search with numerical character difference – For example: appelqvist~1 will find in addition to Appelqvist, Appelquist, Appelkvist where one character or letter differs from the original keyword. If one increases number to 2 appelqvist~2, one will also find Apelquist.
  • ~1 tilde plus a number) after phrase = approximate search. An additional word may be found. (The first and last word in the phrase shall be mentioned). For example “sven filip”~1 finds also Sven Gustaf Filip and Sven Erik Filip. A search “sven filip”~2 will find in addition Sven Johan Olof Filip as well as Filip Sven.
  • ( ) parenthesis = searches for alternative spellings – For example aurora (concordia | conkordia | konkordia | koncordia) searches for all posts that includes Aurora Concordia, Aurora Conkordia, Aurora Konkordia and Aurora Koncordia).

These special characters work also with the Advanced search. The search possibilities are nearly infinite. All one has to do is try!

 Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Latin Column Headings in a Marriage Record

While most of the column headings in the Swedish church books are in Swedish, occasionally you will find some with Latin headings or a combination of Latin and Swedish. Today, we will look at a marriage record with Latin column headings.

Below is an image for a marriage record for 1780 out of Fröjered parish in Skaraborg county.

latin headingsFröjered (R) E:1 (1769-1854) Image 15 / Page 19 (AID: v26939.b15.s19, NAD: SE/GLA/13134)

The Latin column headings are:

  1. Dies – day
  2. Ind. (indicationis) – Banns
  3. Cop. (Copulatus) – Marriage
  4. Sponsus et Sponsa – Groom and bride
  5. Aetus - Age
  6. Conditio et domicilium – Occupation and residence
  7. Dos – Morning gift
  8. Nomina Parentum – Names of Parents

The contents of this marriage record are the following:

  1. Banns of marriage – October1, October 8 and October 15
  2. Marriage date – November 5
  3. Names of groom and bride –Gabriel Arvidsson and Stina Jonsdotter
  4. Ages of bridal couple – Groom 30 years, bride 27 years
  5. Groom’s occupation and residence – Farmer at L. Hamrum
  6. Morning gift from groom to bride – 20 lod silver
  7. Names of parents – Groom’s parents – Arvid Nilsson and Bengta Jansdotter; Bride’s parents – Jonas Andersson and Lena Carlsdotter

Swedish words found in record:

  • Bonde – farmer
  • Dr. (dräng) bachelor, farmhand
  • Pig. (piga) maid
  • På – at
  • Sammanvigde – married
  • Uti – Out of
  • År – year

Click on the following links to see more examples of marriage records:

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What does the abbreviation “E.M.” mean?

While the death record layout in the church books is fairly standardized after the mid- nineteenth century, there are often notes or abbreviations in the remarks section that you don’t see in every parish book. One example is in the death record for Erik Beder Johansson who died on January 25, 1921 in Ronneby parish in Blekinge county. In the special remarks column (särskilda anteckningar), there is a notation “E. m. född 1891”. The question is, “What does the abbreviation, “E.m.” mean? Also, many of the other death records in this parish have the same abbreviation in the remarks column.

em remarksRonneby (K) FI:9 (1912-1930) Image 1550 / Page 416 (AID: v115658a.b1550.s416, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

The abbreviation, “E.m.” stands for “Efterlevande Make/Maka” or surviving spouse or in this case it means that the deceased’s surviving spouse was born in 1891.

You can find an English translation of the column headings by clicking here.

The contents in the above death record are:

  • Entry # – 11
  • Death date – January 25
  • Sex – Male
  • Deceased’s Occupation, Name and Residence – Bruksarbetare (Foundry man or mill worker) Erik Beder Johansson at N. 2 Häggatorp
  • Deceased’s birth date – 2 May 1892
  • Marital Status – Married
  • Cross-reference to page in congregation book – (page #) 993
  • Cause of death – Lungsot (Tuberculosis)
  • Burial date – January 30th
  • Special remarks – (E.m. född 1891) Surviving spouse born in 1891

You can find more information about the family on page 993 in the corresponding congregation book. Return to the archive for Ronneby and search for the congregation book that includes records for the year 1921 and go to page 993. There you will find a notation of Erik Beder Johansson’s death and also that his spouse, Lilly Sofia Olsson’s birth date is noted as the 28th of June 1891. The household record is shown below.

Em household recordRonneby (K) AIIb:14 (1910-1926) Image 990 / Page 993 (AID: v115633b.b990.s993, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

Click here to read more information about Swedish church books.

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