Beginning Swedish Research Tutorials

churchbooksummaryAlgutsrum (H) CI:3 (1779-1854) Image 104 / page 203 (AID: v37085.b104.s203, NAD: SE/VALA/00005) Link.

Are you new to Swedish research and don’t know how to get started? Want to know more on how to research in the Swedish church books? Today, we would like to provide a summary of our English tutorials and blogs providing tips on how to get started and researching in the church books.

Tips for beginning Swedish research
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/research-tips (Link)

Introduction to Swedish Church Books
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/swedish-church-books (Link)

Birth Record Examples
1700’s birth record example (Link)
1800’s birth record example (Link)
1814 Christmas birth reading example (Link)

Marriage Record Examples
1700’s marriage record example (Link)
1800’s marriage record example (Link)
Marriage record example from Jönköping (Link)

Death Record Examples
1700’s death record example (Link)
1800’s death record example (Link)
Death record example from Söderfors parish (Link)

Household Record Example
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/late-1800s-household-examination-record-example (Link)

Moving In/Out Records Example
https://www.arkivdigital.net/swedish-genealogy/moving-records (Link)

Case Study – Searching for Birth Record
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/birth-record-search-and-reading-example/ (Link)

Case Study – Searching for Household Record
http://blog.arkivdigital.net/search-for-household-record-and-reading-example/ (Link)

ArkivDigital

1946 SCB extracts (birth, death and marriage)

Now the Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) or SCB extracts for birth, marriage and death books for 1946 are accessible online with ArkivDigital. Because of privacy rules, we are seldom able to photograph the original birth, marriage and death books up to this date. The SCB extracts are a good replacement when the original books are not available.

scb 1946Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen  H1AA:3671 (1946-1946) Image 750 (AID: v816356.b750, NAD: SE/RA/42040101) Link.

You will the SCB extracts in the archive: Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen. The easiest way to search for the SCB extracts is to select archive search and enter “SCB” in the search box. The volumes are organized by county thus requiring one to browse through the book to find the correct parish. We plan to begin the indexing of these books so that it will be easy to locate each parish.

The SCB extracts from 1925 to 1945 were added at an earlier date. In an earlier blog, we published information about these records. Go to earlier blog.

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Two blacksmiths in same parish had stillborn babies on same day

Sometimes by chance, unusual events seem to happen around the same time. In an earlier blog, we described two triplet births that happened in the same parish with only a few months between the births.

That a stillborn child would be born to two men with the same occupation on the same day in the same parish is highly unlikely. But this happened in 1798 in Burlöv parish in Skåne.

smedenstillbirthsBurlöv CI:4 (1775-1816) Image 91 / page 92 (AID: v106310.b91.s92, NAD: SE/LLA/13050) Link.

Den 26 januari fick smeden Bengt Andersson och hans hustru Kjerstina Nilsdotter tvillingar, varav den ena var dödfödd. Samma dag fick smeden Pär Ahlström och hans hustru Elna Bengtsdotter en dödfödd son.

On the 26th of January, twins were born to the blacksmith Bengt Andersson and Kjerstina Nilsdotter. One of the twins was stillborn. On the same day, a stillborn son was born to blacksmith, Pär Ahlström and his wife, Elna Bengtsdotter.

At this time the number of stillborn children in Sweden was approximately 27 per 1,000 births. Today, it is about 4 per 1,000. During the second half of the 1700’s, there were approximately 70,00 births per year. The number increased during the first decades of the 1800’s so that by the middle of the 1800’s there were as many births yearly as there are today despite that the population was much smaller. According to the official statistics, there were 2,160 stillbirths in 1798 in Sweden.  While stillbirths were not unusual, still the combination of the above circumstances can be described as being a unique event.

This article was written by Örjan Hedenberg for ArkivDigital and originally published in Swedish. Click here to read in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Siamese twins sex unknown (year 1749)

The following record is recorded in the Västerstad death book in 1749. (Click here for original article in Swedish.)

siamese-twinsVästerstad CI:1 (1736-1789) Image 116 / page 115 (AID: v110359.b116.s115, NAD: SE/LLA/13469) Link.

”1749 Aug 14 och begrofs 22 Augusti. Twå oäkta dödfödda Twillingar, som woro sammanwuxna med bukarna, dessutom wanskapta till buk, länder, lår och ben, så att man ei kunde se af hwad kön de woro. De föddes d:14 Augsti. Modren är qwinfolket Karna Nilsdotter från Wästra Wedåkra. Barnafadren är Soldaten af Hamiltons regemente Nils Österberg.”

Death on August 14th and buried on August 22nd. Two illegitimate stillborn twins, who were joined together at the belly and additionally malformed to the belly, loin, thigh and leg so that one could not tell what sex they were. They were born on the 14th of August. The mother is Karna Nilsdotter from Wästra Wedåkra. The father of the children is a soldier from Hamilton’s regiment, Nils Österberg.

ArkivDigital

Smothered by the mother

Sometimes, when one is browsing in the old church books, one sees a notice that makes one stop and think. One tries to imagine what life was like during that time and especially some of the feelings our ancestors experienced. For example – the pain a couple must have felt losing their small children. But then there are others types of notes in the records which note events that are more tragic.

arvik-1Arvika landsförsamling (S) CI:7 (1809-1827) Image 37 / page 61 (AID: v4798a.b37.s61, NAD: SE/VA/13011) Link.

The above image is a birth record from 1811 from the Arvika city parish (Arvika stadsförsamling). The record is the birth record for a daughter, Anna Lena, who was born on the 25th of September. Her parents were the miller, Nils Mattsson and his wife Lena Åsberg. But on the right, the priest has crossed out Anna Lena’s name and written “förqvafd vådl. av modern 17/12 1811” or smothered accidentally by the mother on the 17th of December 1811. This is also mentioned in the death record.

mattson-and-lenaArvika landsförsamling (S) CI:7 (1809-1827) Image 134 / page 255 (AID: v4798a.b134.s255, NAD: SE/VA/13011) Link.

17/12 dog och den 22/12 begrovs. Gateqvarn. Flickan Anna Lena Nilsdotter, f.1811 21/9. Föräldrar: Mölnaren Nils Matsson och hustru Lena Åsberg. Vådeligen af mdren förqvafd i sömnen.

The above death record states that the girl Anna Lena Nilsdotter living at Gateqvarn died on the 17th of December (1811) and was buried on the 22nd of December (1811). She was born on the 21st of September 1811 and her parents were the miller, Nils Mattsson and his wife Lena Åsberg. The cause of death was smothered in sleep accidentally by the mother.

We may never know the actual reason for this tragedy. But it is probable that there can be many different reasons that this small child died. Another question is how do we interpret the term, vådeligen or accidental. Was it an accident, or was it something else?

There exists an absolution register (absolutionslängd) for the period 1625-1650 from Östra and Västra Göinge in north Skåne. In this register, the dean has listed those who have received absolution (the priest gives absolution to a person for his/her sins) and many of the notes concern cases where a child has died. What is especially interesting in this record in this book is that the name for the both the man and woman is noted. During this period, it was rare to see a woman’s name.

1632-recordÖstra Göinge kontrakts prostarkiv (L) FIV:1 (1625-1650) Image 13 (AID: v103010.b13, NAD: SE/LLA/13583) Link.

The above note dated on the 22nd of June 1632 Kongens (The king owned the farm that the couple lived on).

Söffren Jepsön i Önnestad
Karine Nielsdatter. Pige 9 Ugier.
til fattige 10 mk

Söffren Jepsön in Önnestad
Karine Nielsdatter. Young girl 9 weeks
(donation) to the poor 10 mk (mark)

Read the original article in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Photographing of modern church books – several counties are complete

modern church bookA page out of the Junosuando congregation book for the years 1935-1945 (AIIa:4), one of the many new church book volumes which have recently been added in ArkivDigital.
Link.

At the end of January, we announced some exciting news in a blog post. The National Swedish Archives changed a decision which had previously prohibited ArkivDigital from photographing some church books after 1935, (see previous blog entry). This opened up a long awaited opportunity for us, namely to photograph the modern church books up to and including the law of privacy limits (currently the year 1945). During the late winter, spring and summer, we have been busy photographing parish congregation books, moving in/out registers, birth, marriage and books. As a result of this work, 20 of the 25 counties are now complete.

Completed counties: Blekinge, Gotland, Gävleborg, Halland, Jämtland, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kopparberg, Kristianstad, Kronoberg, Malmöhus, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Södermanland, Värmland, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Västmanland and Örebro.

Counties with photographing in progress: Göteborg och Bohuslän, Skaraborg, Uppsala and Östergötland.

For the remaining county, Älvsborg, we will soon begin to photograph these books.

You can find more detail as to what volumes are available in ArkivDigital such as the modern church books and other types of volumes on our website, (link to website page).

We want to emphasize that that there are different privacy rules for different series which influence which volumes we can photograph. In an earlier blog, (see earlier blog) we outlined some of the privacy rules for various types of church books, (see third and fourth paragraphs).

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

SCB extracts 1925-1945

The birth, marriage and death extracts from Statistiska centralbyråns (SCB or Bureau of Central Statistics) for the years 1925 to 1945 are now available in ArkivDigital.

The SCB extracts are organized by county and year. This means that we have been able to photograph all parishes through the year 1945. The law of privacy in Sweden prohibits us from photographing some records that are younger than 70 years or for years later than 1945. This also includes church books where the final year in the book is for records later than 1945. Thus if a birth book includes the years 1930 to 1950, we are not allowed to photograph that book because some of the records are protected by the privacy law. In these cases where the original birth, marriage or death books are not available for the years 1925 to 1945, you may wish to look in the SCB extracts.

You will find the SCB extracts in the archive with the long name, Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen. The easiest way to find this archive is to enter “SCB” in the search box and you will be directed to the archive.  Each volume specifies which county and year it covers. If nothing else is mentioned, the volume includes birth, marriage and death records for that year. In other cases there may be an abbreviation specifying the types of records the volume includes. The abbreviations are: fbu (birth records), vbu (marriage records) and dbu (death records).

skaraborg scb

Each volume consists of many images and therefore can take a few minutes to locate the correct parish. We are well aware of this problem and are working on creating a register for the SCB extracts so that one can select a parish and year and go directly to the image.

The SCB extracts are based on transcriptions sent by each parish to the Bureau of Central Statistics. One should be conscious that these are secondary sources and there could be errors and that these records do not contain all the information that is included in the original church book records.

deathscbStatistiska centralbyrån (SCB) – Avdelningen för befolkningsstatistik 1:a avdelningen  H1AA:2656 (1929-1929) Image 10 (AID: v816233.b10, NAD: SE/RA/42040101) Link.
First page in the SCB extract for Vänersnäs (Skaraborg county) death book for 1929.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Sara Jönsdotter lived 106 years

oldageNederluleå C:2 (1726-1742) Image 294 / page 531 (AID: v138428.b294.s531, NAD: SE/HLA/1010132) Link.

Occasionally we see examples of persons living  a remarkably long life in the church books. In the 1741 death book for Nederluleå’s parish, the priest wrote the following notes about Sara Jönsdotter.

”Mycket ålderstigna Pigan Sara Jönsd:r ifrån Måttsund. Född 1635. Fadren Jöns Erichsson. Modren hust: Sara N.d:r afled genom döden d:1 Augusti. Begrafdes på kyrkogården d:8 ejusd. Warit 15 år blind, men dock under sin blindhet spunnit finaste garn. Thes höga ålder är 106 år.”

The very elderly maid Sara Jönsdotter from Måttsund. Born in 1635. Her father was Jöns Erichsson and her mother was Sara N. dotter. Died on the 1st of August. Buried in the church cemetery on the 8th of the same month. Was blind for 15 years, but still spun the finest yarn despite being blind.  Was the high age of 106 years.

We wish to thank Björn Rydh for the tip.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Inger Anonymidotter

IngerAnonymousGlimåkra CI:5 (1836-1862) Image 148 / page 145 (AID: v99243.b148.s145, NAD: SE/LLA/13111) Link.

The priest wrote the following entry about the maid Inger in the 1842 Glimåkra’s parish death book. Neither the priest or Inger knew who she was.

1842 Sept. 12 P. Inger Anonymidotter i Glimåkra efter en svår förlossning med ett oäkta barn, som var dödfödt. Inger hade i barndomen utvandrat fr. sitt hem, men visste ej sjelf hvarifrån hon var kommen. Ingen säker underrättelse hade om henne kunnat fås. Hon tycktes vara vid pass 26 år gammal. Till sin första nattvardsgång var hon här beredd och admitterad. Hon begrofs d.17 Sept:r”

On September 12, 1842, the maid Inger Anonymidotter (daughter of an unknown person) in Glimåkra died after a very difficult birth of a child who was born out of wedlock and stillborn. Inger had wandered from her home as a child but she did not know where she came from. No one was sure or had any information about who she could be. She was thought to be around 26 years old. She prepared for her first communion and was confirmed in this parish. She was buried on the 17th of September.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Elfva-Bengtan from Skårby

elfva1

elva2Skårby CI:4 (1825-1862) Image 193 / page 375 (AID: v111804.b193.s375, NAD: SE/LLA/13350) Link.

In the 1842 death book for Skårby parish in southern Skåne, the priest included some additional information in Elfva-Bengtan’s death record.

Den så kallade Elfva-Bengtan i Skårby socken, som från urminnes tider lär hafva bott i en af henne uppförd jordhydda på gränsen emellan Willie, Kattslösa och Skårby Socknars ägor vid Snöftarp, och som i flera decennier blifvit skjutsad omkring i Skårby Socken från gård till gård, dog i Torpet Grekland den 26te och begrofs den 30de Januari. Hennes ålder är okänd; men sjelf har hon längesedan uppgiwvit sig hafva hunnit öfver 100 år. 84?

The person known as Elfva-Bengtan in Skårby parish, who as long as one can remember was said to have lived in one of her dugouts on the border between Willie, Kattslösa and Skårby parish grounds near Snöftarp, and who for several decades was pushed around from farm to farm, died at Torpet Grekland on the 26th and was buried on the 30th of January. Her age is unknown, but she herself for a long time stated that she was over 100 years.  84?

These few lines give us a picture of Bengta’s difficult life. Imagine how much more we could learn if more priests had noted more than just the name and age in the death record. It appears that the priest was questioning her age and that might be the reason he wrote “84?” at the end of the notation.

Read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital