Spies in Stockholm during the 1940’s

 

spies in Stockholm
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 550 / page 1 (AID: v788124.b550.s1, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

There is often a strange mystique around certain cities such as Casablanca, Istanbul, and Lisbon. Maybe this is because of the roll they played during the Second World War: neutral places where spies, diplomats and others from warring counties could meet in secret.

Further north one finds another such city: Stockholm. Many persons were drawn here also during the war to meet discreetly at restaurants and in parks.  Microfilms were hidden in the heels of shoes. Envelopes were discreetly exchanged. The Swedish intelligence service was under much pressure to keep up with all these covert activities.

For those who are fascinated by this exciting period of history, you can now find the espionage court protocols (Avdelningen för spionmål)) from the Stockholm city court for the years 1939 to 1946 in ArkivDigital. To find these records, enter “spion” in the search box.  One can find notes such as these in the records as shown in the above image.

Måndagen den 30 november 1942 klockan 18.50 blev svenske medborgaren f.d. direktören John Helge Walter anhållen på Vasagatan utanför hotell Continentel … enär det konstaterats, att direktör Walter vid upprepade tillfällen besökt brittiske marinattachén, captain Henry Denham, i dennes bostad n:r 46 Riddargatan.”

On Monday, the 30th of November 1942 at 6:50 in the evening, Swedish citizen Director John Helge Walter was taken into custody on Vasagatan outside the Hotel Continental…. since it had been established that Director Walter had repeatedly visited the British naval captain, Henry Denhem at his residence, 46 Riddargatan.”

As one reads further one discovers that Director Walter was searched at the station and 20,000 Swedish kronor in cash was found in one of his pant pockets plus more cash in his briefcase. In his wallet two typed questionnaires in English were found. The image below shows some of the English questions.

2nd spy document
Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål A1:13 (1943-1943) Image 560 / page 2 (AID: v788124.b560.s2, NAD: SE/SSA/01400603) Link.

Read original blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

7 million images have been added during 2015!

Produktkatalog

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
During the year, our major project to photograph all of Sweden’s estate inventories for the period 1901-1960, continued. We have added many estate inventories for various years in different counties.  You can read a status update of our estate inventory project in this blog entry.

Court Records
We have now completed projects for photographing the prison lists for all of Sweden from the Office of the Chancellor of Justice and also the Supreme Court protocols. The prison lists from the Office of Chancellor of Justice are available for the period 1750-1825 and the Supreme Court protocols are available for the period 1694-1800.

Documents concerning World War II
A number of records concerning Sweden during the Second World War had been added:

  • Spy and espionage documents from “Stockholms rådhusrätt 1850-1947, Avdelning 5, Avdelningen för spionmål”.
  • Air crashes from ”Flygstaben: Centralexpeditionen”.
  • Beredskapsverket” which consists of the Swedish military defense readiness official military history work. The main material is found in “Beredskapsverket, Avdelning 1”. In “Beredskapsverket, Avdelning 13”, are documents concerning the operations Save Denmark (Rädda Danmark) and Save Norway (Rädda Norge).
  • Documents from the C-byrån, which covered secret intelligence outside Sweden’s borders.

Older military records
Military pension documents from several archives have been added, which we have described in two blogs:

Before the general muster rolls began in the 1680’s, the collection “Rullor 1620-1723” was the primary source for military research. During 2015, we have added the volumes for the years 1620-1647 to ArkivDigital’s online archive.

Records outside of Sweden
The biggest project outside of Sweden during the year was the photographing of the Swedish American congregation church books in Kansas. Most of the volumes are now online but it won’t be until the beginning of next year before the project is complete. An overview of the Kansas collection is found in this blog entry.

During the spring, church books from several Swedish congregations outside of Sweden became available in ArkivDigital.

Concerning other records outside of Sweden, we want to also mention that we have begun to add documents from the seamen homes in Åland,Finland: Mariehamn seaman house and Vårdö seaman house. This project will be completed in the beginning of 2016.

Read blog entry in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

Free Access to ArkivDigital on November 14-15

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This weekend, November 14-15, we will open our digital online archive and give all new users free access to ArkivDigital. Over 57 million images or approximately 114 million photographed historical pages are accessible to all who want to test how to research with us.

This is a unique opportunity to explore Swedish historical sources; everything from church books and estate inventories to military records and court records are found in ArkivDigital. There are also prison documents, tax registers, documents from the Second World War and much more.

For those who are entirely new users or for those who haven’t used ArkivDigital in a while, this is a unique opportunity to explore or maybe rediscover the historical treasures which are available in our continually growing database.

The free days happen in connection with Archives Day which will be celebrated at many places throughout the Nordic countries. Many archives, libraries and genealogical societies will be open to the public offering lectures, exhibitions and archive tours.

Take this opportunity to take advantage of these free days!

Go to our website this weekend: www.arkivdigital.net.

Coming special offer: 1 month for 195 SEK or about 22 USD
In connection with the Archives Day, we will have a special offer on a monthly subscription for 195 SEK or about 22 USD (regular price 225 SEK or about 26 USD). The offer begins on Friday, November 13th and is valid up to and including Thursday, November 19, 2015.

ArkivDigital

New Records Added to ArkivDigital

Produktkatalog
During June and July, many new records have been added to ArkivDigital’s online library. We have begun to add some new record types, continued to add estate inventories (bouppteckningar) and completed the photographing of a couple record sets.

SCB Extracts
The first set of new materials that we are beginning to add are the Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) or SCB extracts from the birth, marriage and death books. The SCB extracts are transcriptions from the original church books but not all the information from the original books was transferred to the extracts. The advantage with the SCB extracts is that we are able to publish these up to 1944. Because of the law of privacy we are seldom able to add the original books up to this date. We have added most of the records to ArkivDigital for 1944. We will then work our ways backward to publish as many SCB extracts to fill in the gaps where we do not have the original books.

The easiest way to search for the SCB extracts is to enter “SCB” in the search box. The volumes are organized by county thus requiring one to browse through the book to find the correct parish. We plan to begin the indexing of these books so that it will be easy to locate each parish.

“Stamkort” for Military Conscripts
The second set of new records that we are beginning to add is the service card (stamkort) for each military conscript.   Each conscript or serviceman had his own “stamkort” where you will find information about his service beginning with his enrollment, usually between 20 and 21 years of age, up to his discharge which normally happened at age 47.  Currently, only a small number of volumes are available in ArkivDigital. However, we plan to add the service cards or “stamkort” for all men who were enrolled between the years 1902 and 1941.

The simplest way to search for the stamkort in ArkivDigital is to enter “stamkort” in the search box. You will be directed to a page where you will find more information about the stamkort  in the info box. Currently this information is in Swedish.

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
We continue to prioritize adding estate inventories (bouppteckningar) beginning in 1900 and forward. During the last two months, new volumes were added for most counties.

Completed Projects
We have now completed projects for photographing the prison lists for all of Sweden from the Office of the Chancellor of Justice and also the Supreme Court protocols. The prison lists from the Office of Chancellor of Justice are available for the period 1750-1825 and the Supreme Court protocols are available for the period 1694-1800.

Read more about our image database.

ArkivDigital

New records in ArkivDigital

Produktkatalog
Our online library has over 54 million images which equates to more than 108 million pages of Swedish historical records. Many new records were added to ArkivDigital during the last month. Below is a summary of the highlights:

During May, we continued to focus on photographing the estate inventories (bouppteckningar) for the period 1901 to 1940. We have begun the massive project of photographing Stockholm city estate inventories for this period and the records up to 1905 are now available. The estate inventories for the rest of Stockholm county up to 1940 are now available in ArkivDigital.

In addition, estate inventories have been added for other counties. We want to especially mention that Kopparberg as well as Göteborg och Bohus counties are complete up to 1920 and that the records for Värmland county up to 1930 are now available.

Recently court books for the following areas have been added to the digital library: Arvidsjaurs tingslags häradsrätt (district court), Bjärke häradsrätt (district court), Edsbergs häradsrätt (district court), Edsbergs häradsrätt (district court), Gotlands norra häradsrätt (district court), Norrtälje rådhusrätt och magistrat (district court) along with Ölands södra mots häradsrätt (district court).

Read more about our image database.

ArkivDigital

Ancestors from Åland, Finland? You can find them in ArkivDigital!

stor-logo-600x452px-namn-och-symbol transparent

Åland, an autonomous region of Finland, is the only area outside of Sweden where ArkivDigital has photographed extensively.  If you have an ancestor from Åland, you are in luck.  You will find many types of records for Åland in ArkivDigital’s online archive.  Below is a summary of the records.

 

Church Books
You will find church books for Åland’s sixteen parishes: Brändö, Eckerö, Finström, Föglö, Geta, Hammarland, Jomala, Kumlinge, Kökar, Lemland, Lumparland, Mariehamn, Saltvik, Sottunga, Sund (with Skarpans) and Vårdö.  The privacy act only allows the photographing of records up to around 1885

Estate Inventories and Judicial Records
In Åland’s judicial district archive (domsagas arkiv), you will find estate inventories up to 1916, court records up to 1900 and land registration protocols (lagfartsprotokollen) up till 1901 along with other documents such as guardianship protocols, bankruptcies and house inspection records.

Tax Registers and Land Records
In Åland’s district archive (häradsskrivares arkiv), you will find tax registers up to 1933 and also land records.

Maps
And in Åland’s land bureau archive (Ålands lantmäteribyrå arkiv), you will find village maps mainly from the 1700s and 1800s (and sometimes later).  There you can get an idea of how the village looked when your ancestor lived there.  You can find explanations (in Swedish) of what the maps show in the Ålands lantmäteribyrå volumes 1b: 1-36.

Find Åland Records in ArkivDigital
You can find Åland records in the online archive by selecting “Search archive” in the ArkivDigital program and then click on “Advanced search”.  Then you select the county or province archive type (it does not matter which one) and select Åland and you will get a list of all the records that are available for Åland.

You can find a list of all the records that are available for Åland here.

ArkivDigital

Many New Records in ArkivDigital

ProduktkatalogArkivDigital’s online library continues to grow at a fast tempo. There are now about 1,200 volumes or 51 million images of Swedish historical records available. Recent new additions to ArkivDigital include: estate inventories, population/tax registers, military records and other types of records.

Estate Inventories (Bouppteckningar)
Currently, we are focusing much of our time photographing estate inventories beginning in the 1900’s.  The estate inventories for Blekinge county from 1911 to 1920 are now accessible online.  We are currently adding estate inventories for Halland,  Göteborg och Bohus, Skaraborg and Älvsborg counties for the same period and many of these  are now available. Estate inventories for Östergotland county from 1901 to 1910 are also being added.

Population/Tax Registers (Mantalslängder)
The county population/tax registers from the earliest times to the year 1820 for Uppsala county are now available. County population/tax registers for the same period for Västmanland county are being added.  District taxation registers, (häradsskrivarens) or copy of tax/census records, from the earliest times to about the year 1820 are also being added to the online archive. The district taxation registers for Jönköping are now available and photographing is in progress for Kronoberg county.

Military Records
For those who are interested in military research, the archive “Meritförteckningar” is now complete. This archive includes merit and service records for officers and non-commissioned officers of various Swedish and Finnish Regiments from the 1614 to 1903.

In the Army Pension Archive (Arméns pensionskassas), we are currently adding merit, seniority, and service records (meritband) of commissioned and non-commissioned officers for the years 1757 to 1860.

Other Records
The Prisoner lists for all of Sweden from the Office of the Chancellor of Justice from 1750 to 1800 are now online. The Supreme Court Protocols from earliest times to 1736 are now available.

Click here to find out what records are available online.

ArkivDigital