Search by name in the Swedish historical records!

One common question that one hears from Swedish-Americans new to Swedish records, “Are the records searchable by name?” Today, we can say that increasingly more and more Swedish records such as the church books, estate inventories and other record types are searchable by name.  One of ArkivDigital’s primary goals is to make Swedish research easier and one method is name searchable indexes.

search population of 1860 to 1947Searching in the Population of 1860 to 1947 Index

Today, we will review the name searchable indexes that are available in ArkivDigital’s All-in-one subscription.

Church Books

  • Household/Congregations Books (Population of Sweden 1860-1947) – All of the household/congregation books for all of Sweden have been indexed by name for the years from 1860 to 1947. For more information, click here.
  • Birth, marriage and death book indexes – (Birth index- parts of Sweden, Marriage Index- parts of Sweden, Death index- parts of Sweden) Searchable name indexes for birth, marriage and death books for all of the parishes within Kronoberg county and some parishes in nearby counties, around 60 parishes in Södermanland county as well as Nederluleå parish in Norrbotten county. Most of these indexes are from the earliest times (1600’s) up to the second half of the nineteenth century. The end year varies by parish. For some parishes, the end year is 1920. This is an ongoing project and the goal is to index by name the birth, marriage and death books for all of Sweden. Click here for more information.

Estate Inventories (Inventory of estate)

  • Name searchable indexes exist for estate inventories from the following counties: Gotland, Gävleborg, Göteborg och Bohus, Jämtland, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Uppsala, Värmland, Västerbotten, Västernorrland, Älvsborg and Östergötland. This is an ongoing project. For a complete list of the district and city courts that have been indexed, click here.

Swedish Census Indexes

  • ArkivDigital has searchable name indexes for the years 1950, 1960, 1975 and 1985. Click here for additional information.
    • Population of Sweden 1950
    • Population of Sweden 1960
    • Population of Sweden 1975
    • Population of Sweden 1985

Military records (Military Service Cards)

  • The Military Service Cards index is a name searchable index of all draft registration and service cards for those who served in the Swedish military between 1902 and 1941. Click here for more information.

Swedes in U.S. 1940 Census

  • The Swedes in U.S. 1940 Census index includes all the persons in the 1940 U.S. Census who stated that their birth place was Sweden. Click here for more information.

Other indexes

  • Portrait Collection – Collection of photographs from three Stockholm photography studios from the 1920’s to 1970’s. Click here for more information.
  • Agriculture Census 1944 - Index to 1944 year’s agriculture statistics done by Statistics Sweden (SCB). Click here for more information.

To access the name searchable indexes within ArkivDigital’s All-in-one subscription:

  • Access the web version by going to https://app.arkivdigital.se/
  • Select “Index Search”.
  • Select the desired index under “Index source”.

search by name

ArkivDigital

Attachments to migration records – HII series

Many people are familiar with the moving in (inflyttning) and moving out (utflyttning) church books which are in the “B” series. Whenever a person moved out of the parish, each person was required to notify the minister of his or her move. The minister would give the person a moving our certificate (flyttningsbetyg) and note the move out in the household book and the moving out (utflyttning) book. Once at the new parish, the person would give the certificate to the new minister who would record the move in both the household book and the moving in book (inflyttning). The new minister would generally save the original certificate.

Below is an example of the moving out record for Erik Persson who moved with his wife and one child from Kroppa parish to Ransäter parish in 1861.  Click here for more information about the moving in and out records.

kroppa moving out recordKroppa (S) B:3 (1845-1868) Image 62 / Page 43 (AID: v7303.b62.s43, NAD: SE/VA/13291)

In ArkivDigital, for some parishes we also have the “H II” series which are called “Bilagor till flyttningslängderna” or in English “Attachments to migration records”. While these records are not as commonly used in research, these are the basis of the moving books. Below is an image of the actual moving certificate (fyttningsbetyg) for the same Erik Persson as shown in the above moving out record.

h series betygRansäter (S) HII:3 (1860-1874) Image 83 (AID: v54133.b83, NAD: SE/VA/13426)

Transcription

Torparen Erik Persson, som nu med Hustru och ett barn flyttar från Herrhult i Kroppa Sn. till Munkerud in Ransäter, är född den 2 Sept1825 (tjugofem) i Ransäter, Hustru Johanna Andersdotter är född den 7 Februari 1834 (trettiofyra) i Grythyttan Sn. Båda ega försvarlig christendomskunskap, begått H. h. Nattvard sednast den 3 Mars h.a, äro till lefvernet val fräjdade och haft vacc. koppor. Mannen vid husfor. 1860 närvarande.
Barn: Anna Sofia, född den 22 Sept 1860 (sextio) i Kroppa, ej vaccinered.

Attesterar Kroppa Prestgård den 11 Maj 1861

Translation

Crofter Erik Persson, who with (his) wife and one child (will) move from Herrhult in Kroppa parish to Munkerud in Ransäter, was born on the 2nd of September 1825 in Ransäter. (His) wife, Johanna Andersdotter, was born on the 7th of February 1834 in Grythyttan parish. Both have passable knowledge of Christianity, received Holy Communion on March 3rd, have good character and are well-behaved, have been inoculated for smallpox, were present at the 1860 household examination.
Child: Anna Sofia born on the 22nd of September 1860 in Kroppa, not vaccinated.

Certified (at) Kroppa Prestgård on the 11th of May 1861.

To check if ArkivDigital has the H II series for a parish, go to new archive search, enter the parish name and then look for the H II series books with the title “Attachments to migration records”.  See example below for H II series in Ransäter parish.

search for hSearching for “Attachments to migration records” 

ArkivDigital

Latin Column Headings in a Marriage Record

While most of the column headings in the Swedish church books are in Swedish, occasionally you will find some with Latin headings or a combination of Latin and Swedish. Today, we will look at a marriage record with Latin column headings.

Below is an image for a marriage record for 1780 out of Fröjered parish in Skaraborg county.

latin headingsFröjered (R) E:1 (1769-1854) Image 15 / Page 19 (AID: v26939.b15.s19, NAD: SE/GLA/13134)

The Latin column headings are:

  1. Dies – day
  2. Ind. (indicationis) – Banns
  3. Cop. (Copulatus) – Marriage
  4. Sponsus et Sponsa – Groom and bride
  5. Aetus - Age
  6. Conditio et domicilium – Occupation and residence
  7. Dos – Morning gift
  8. Nomina Parentum – Names of Parents

The contents of this marriage record are the following:

  1. Banns of marriage – October1, October 8 and October 15
  2. Marriage date – November 5
  3. Names of groom and bride –Gabriel Arvidsson and Stina Jonsdotter
  4. Ages of bridal couple – Groom 30 years, bride 27 years
  5. Groom’s occupation and residence – Farmer at L. Hamrum
  6. Morning gift from groom to bride – 20 lod silver
  7. Names of parents – Groom’s parents – Arvid Nilsson and Bengta Jansdotter; Bride’s parents – Jonas Andersson and Lena Carlsdotter

Swedish words found in record:

  • Bonde – farmer
  • Dr. (dräng) bachelor, farmhand
  • Pig. (piga) maid
  • På – at
  • Sammanvigde – married
  • Uti – Out of
  • År – year

Click on the following links to see more examples of marriage records:

ArkivDigital

What does the abbreviation “E.M.” mean?

While the death record layout in the church books is fairly standardized after the mid- nineteenth century, there are often notes or abbreviations in the remarks section that you don’t see in every parish book. One example is in the death record for Erik Beder Johansson who died on January 25, 1921 in Ronneby parish in Blekinge county. In the special remarks column (särskilda anteckningar), there is a notation “E. m. född 1891”. The question is, “What does the abbreviation, “E.m.” mean? Also, many of the other death records in this parish have the same abbreviation in the remarks column.

em remarksRonneby (K) FI:9 (1912-1930) Image 1550 / Page 416 (AID: v115658a.b1550.s416, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

The abbreviation, “E.m.” stands for “Efterlevande Make/Maka” or surviving spouse or in this case it means that the deceased’s surviving spouse was born in 1891.

You can find an English translation of the column headings by clicking here.

The contents in the above death record are:

  • Entry # – 11
  • Death date – January 25
  • Sex – Male
  • Deceased’s Occupation, Name and Residence – Bruksarbetare (Foundry man or mill worker) Erik Beder Johansson at N. 2 Häggatorp
  • Deceased’s birth date – 2 May 1892
  • Marital Status – Married
  • Cross-reference to page in congregation book – (page #) 993
  • Cause of death – Lungsot (Tuberculosis)
  • Burial date – January 30th
  • Special remarks – (E.m. född 1891) Surviving spouse born in 1891

You can find more information about the family on page 993 in the corresponding congregation book. Return to the archive for Ronneby and search for the congregation book that includes records for the year 1921 and go to page 993. There you will find a notation of Erik Beder Johansson’s death and also that his spouse, Lilly Sofia Olsson’s birth date is noted as the 28th of June 1891. The household record is shown below.

Em household recordRonneby (K) AIIb:14 (1910-1926) Image 990 / Page 993 (AID: v115633b.b990.s993, NAD: SE/LLA/13316)

Click here to read more information about Swedish church books.

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Getting Started in the Swedish Church Books

Are you new to Swedish research? Swedish research is extremely rewarding because there are so many types of records and they are very complete. But before you begin, you must know your Swedish ancestor’s Swedish name, place or parish of origin in Sweden and a significant date such as a birth date. If all you know is that your Swedish ancestor’s name is Charles Johnson, you have a little more work to do before you jump the pond. For information on how to search for more details about your Swedish ancestor, click here.

But, let us say you are now successful and have discovered that your ancestor’s Swedish name was Carl Johan Johansson and he was born in Habo parish in Skaraborg county on the 10th of February 1819, you are ready to jump the pond and research in the Swedish records. Today, we will walk you through the steps for searching for Carl’s birth record and the corresponding household record in ArkivDigital.

We enter the application: app.arkivdigital.se and then select New Archive search. Since we know the name of the parish, we can enter, Habo, in the search box and the archive box for Habo will appear.

search habo

Click on Habo and you will see a list of all the volumes that are available for this parish. In this case, there are 122 volumes. Search for a birth book that includes the year 1819.

search habo birth book

You will see that there are two birth books that contain births for the year 1819:  C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820 and C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827. When one sees two books that cover the same period, it is always good to look at both books. They can often contain different information.

By looking further at book C:10 Birth and Christening records 1801-1820, we see that that there is a circle with an “i” before the words birth and christening records. This means information and if you put your mouse over the “i”, you will see the notation, “register till födelseböckerna” or register to the birth books.

hove birth register

When we look at this book, we see it is an index organized by first given name and then birth year. Note -you will not encounter this type of birth index in many parishes. But remember before the mid 1800’s, the information can vary by time and minister.

In browsing this book, we will find a page for Carl’s and you will find the information for Carl Johan in the section for Carl’s born in the year 1819.

carl birth index recordHabo (F, R) C:10 (1801-1820) Image 16 / Page 25 (AID: v34105.b16.s25, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The information shown in the above index record includes:

  1. Second given name – Joh. or abbreviation for Johan
  2. Parents’ first names: Johan, Katrina
  3. Residence in parish – Sållarhemmet (line above the letter m represents a double m).
  4. Year – 19 or 1819
  5. Day of month – 10
  6. Month – 2 or February

The book C:11 Birth and Christening records 1801-1827 contains the actual birth records. It is always good to look in the front of the book and check for a table of contents. There may be multiple types of records in the volume and the table of contents will show on what pages the various types of records begin. In this case there is not a table of contents and the births are arranged in chronological order. Open the book and look for birth records for the year 1819 and then the month, February, and then the day, the 10th. Below is the birth record for Carl Johan.

carl johan birth recordHabo (F, R) C:11 (1801-1827) Image 109 / Page 213 (AID: v34106.b109.s213, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The record contents are:

  1. Birth date – 10 (February 10, 1819)
  2. Baptismal date – 11 (February 11, 1819)
  3. Child’s given name – Carl Johan
  4. Parents’ names – Johannes Larsson and Kathrina Andersdotter
  5. Residence in parish – Sållarehemmet
  6. Baptismal witnesses – And. Carlsson och (and) D. H. dess hustru or his wife Stina at Skogshemmet
  7. Mother’s age – Between 25 and 30

The next step is to find out more information about the family by going to the household book that includes the year 1819. Now we return to the Habo archive and search for the household book that contains the year 1819. We find the book, AI:4 Household records 1814-1820.

search habo household book

The household books are organized by place name. In most household books you will find a place name index in the front or back of the book. Open the book and search for a place name index or ortregister. Then look for Carl Johan’s residence, Sållarehemmet, in the place name index.

habo place name indexHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 5 (AID: v20176.b5, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

The place name index states that the records for the place, Sållarehemmet, begin on page 206. Now there may be one page for the place or many pages, but the page number shown in the index is the start page for the search for the family. We now go to page 206.

hova household recordHabo (F, R) AI:4 (1814-1820) Image 110 / Page 207 (AID: v20176.b110.s207, NAD: SE/VALA/03256)

In this case we find the family on page 206. Below is the information that is shown for the family:

  • (Father) äg. (abbreviation for ägare) owner or landowner Johannes Larsson born on the 6th of May 1782 in Loco Loco is a Latin term meaning here or in Habo parish. Note – further research will show that the birth date is incorrect and is actually the 15th of May 1782.
  • (Mother) H. (abbreviation for hustru or wife) Catharina Andersdotter born on the 6th of May 1790 at loco or in the parish of Habo.
  • Son Anders born 9th of May 1813 loco or in Habo. There is also a notation that he has died.
  • Son Gabriel born on the 23rd of April 1816 loco or in Habo. There is a notation that he died in 1817.
  • Flicka (Girl) Stina Svensdotter born on the 15th of October 1803 in Ekebo. There is a notation that she moved here in 1816 from Ekereds torp and moved out in 1817 to V. Ekered. More research is required to check to see if she is just a worker or if she has some relationship to the family.
  • (Son) Carl Johan born on the 10th of February 1819 in loco or Habo.

Since there are no notations that the family has moved in or out, we can assume that the family is living at the same place, Sållarehemmet, in the subsequent household book. We can continue to trace Carl forward in the household books until his emigration.

Also, from this record, we have enough information, that we can look for birth records for other members of the household. Also, please note that sometimes the minister will note the incorrect birth date information in the household record such as was the case for the father, Johannes Larsson. If there is a discrepancy between the birth dates in the birth record or household record, you should always use the information shown in the birth record.

For more information about researching in the church books, go to the following links:

ArkivDigital

More Swedish American Church Books in ArkivDigital

Today, we will give a status of the Swedish American church books that are available in ArkivDigital as well as links to the English blogs giving more information about these records.

red oak church recordRed Oak Bethlehem Lutheran Church, Iowa, USA (IA) Vol:1 -1890 Image 31 / Page 35 (AID: v903645.b31.s35) Link.

We have Swedish American church books for the following states:

  • Iowa – 7 congregations
  • Kansas – 98 congregations
  • Minnesota – 80 congregations
  • Missouri – 7 congregations
  • Nebraska – 119 congregations
  • Oklahoma – 1 congregation
  • Wisconsin – 9 congregations

To search for Swedish American church books in ArkivDigital, do the following:

  • Select New archive search.
  • Select country – United States
  • Then select desired state (for example – Nebraska).
  • A list of the congregations for that state will appear.

select swedish american church

Below is a list of blogs with links for more information about the Swedish American church books:

ArkivDigital

Swedish American Church Book Record Types

ArkivDigital’s online library includes many Swedish American church books from Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska and a few from Missouri, Oklahoma and Wisconsin. Below are the types of records that you will find in the various congregations However, the type of records that were kept and preserved varies by congregation.

  1. Congregation records or church registers (Församlingsböcker)
  2. Birth and christening records (Födelse- och dopböcker)
  3. Marriage records (Vigselböcker)
  4. Death and burial records (Död- och begravningsböcker)
  5. Catechetical records (Konfirmationsbok)
  6. Protocols (Protokoll)
  7. Accountings (Räkenskaper)
  8. Member reception records (Intagna medlemmar)
  9. Member dismissal records (Utträdda medlemmar)
  10. Anniversary documents (Jubileumsskrift)

Congregation Books (Församlingsböcker)
The congregation records or church registers include similar information to the Swedish household or congregation records. The type of information you may find includes:  the names of the household members, birth date, birth place, baptismal date, marriage dates of the head of the household, arrival date in America and arrival date in the congregation. Some of these books have alphabetical name indexes. These records are very helpful in identifying where a person came from in Sweden.

Omaha Congregation RecordCongregation book from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:1 (1868-1890) Image 74 / page 69 (AID: v883292.b74.s69, NAD: ) Link.

Birth and Christening Records (Födelse- och dopböcker)
The birth and christening records are somewhat similar to the Swedish birth and christening records. The contents do vary by congregation but they usually contain the child’s name, birth date, baptismal date, names of parents and names of baptismal witnesses.  Most of the time the mother’s married name and not maiden name is presented. These records are organized in chronological order often by baptismal date. Occasionally, there is a cross reference to the family in the church register or congregation record.

omaha birthsRecords of baptisms from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 21 / page 35 (AID: v883294.b21.s35, NAD: ) Link.

Marriage Records (Vigselböcker)
The marriage records are an important source because it is the one source where the female’s maiden name is shown. The contents in the marriage record usually include the names of the groom and bride, date of the marriage and the places where the bride and groom are from. These records are organized in chronological order.

omaha marriageRecords of Marriages from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 59 / page 173 (AID: v883294.b59.s173, NAD: ) Link.

Death and Burial Records (Död- och begravningsböcker)
The death and burial records sometimes called “Records of Funerals” show the deceased’s name, death date, burial date, age, sometimes names of nearest relatives and cause of death. Unfortunately, abbreviations may be used in names such as “P. A. Swanson” versus the complete name and married women are often noted as “Mrs. Charles Eklund”.  These are organized in chronological order usually by the funeral date. Occasionally, there is a cross reference to the family in the church register or congregation record.

omaha burialsRecords of Funerals from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 98 / page 291 (AID: v883294.b98.s291, NAD: ) Link.

Catechetical (Konfirmationsbok)
The catechetical records provide names of the persons confirmed. Most of the time, these are only list of names but occasionally, the birth date and the names of the parents of the confirmed will be shown.

Protocols (Protokoll)
The protocols are administrative records for the parish. They contain minutes of administrative meetings and decisions relating to parish matters.

Accountings (Räkenskaper)
The account books will include records of financial transactions such as cash books, bookkeeping records and real estate transactions.

Member reception records (Intagna medlemmar)
These records record new members of the parish usually stating the name of the person, date of admission and the place where the person came from.

Member dismissal records (Utträdda medlemmar)
These records record the names of members who leave the parish. Usually, you will find the name of the person, departure date and where the person is going to.

omaha dismissalRecords of Dismissals of Members from Omaha Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, Nebraska, USA (NE) Vol:4 (1894-1916) Image 85 / page 247 (AID: v883294.b85.s247, NAD: ) Link.

Church anniversary document (Jubileumsskrift)
In many congregation archives you will find a church anniversary document celebrating a number of years in existence such as 25 years, 50 years, 75 years or 100 years. These documents usually present a short history of the church or a church organization such as a singing group or other group within the church. Sometimes in addition to the history of the church, biographical information and photos of members of the church are included.

Other documents (Övriga handlingar)
You may find other documents dependent upon the parish such as church school records, tomb or cemetery records, historical notes, church constitution, and attachments to migration records, newspaper clippings and other types of documents.

More information about Swedish American church books:
Searching for a parish of origin in the Kansas church books.

ArkivDigital

Many church books from Nebraska are now online

During the summer, we published a blog that we were photographing Swedish American church books in Nebraska. See earlier blog. Since then, we have been working at full speed photographing and publishing the material.

We have photographed many types of documents, everything from congregation books, birth, marriage and death books to protocols, church accounts and much more. We have published over 110,000 images from 110 congregations. Still more material will be added in the future.

bertrand church

An image out of the Bertrand Immanuel Lutheran Church’s “Church-Register” for the years 1883-1907. For church members born in Sweden, both the birth parish and county are noted in the record. Link.

 

You can access these records by doing the following:

  • Select New archive search in ArkivDigital
  • Select County
  • Select Nebraska

Click here to read original blog in Swedish.

ArkivDigital

What does NAD mean?

We have received a couple of questions from some of our English-speaking customers asking what does NAD mean in the ArkivDigital source citations? NAD is an abbreviation for the National Archive Database (Nationell Arkivdatabas). When anyone creates a source citation for an ArkivDigital record by clicking on the copy icon in the application and then selecting copy source identifier, there is a NAD reference in the citation.

source identifier 2The source citation for the above birth record in Brunskog parish in Värmland county created by using the copy source identifier function is: Brunskog (S) CI:3 (1782-1844) Image 76 / page 143 (AID: v5046.b76.s143, NAD: SE/VA/13065).

In this case the NAD reference code is SE/VA/13065. The code elements include a country code (SE) for Sweden, archive code (VA) an abbreviation for the Värmland regional archive and a collection code (13065) referring to the collection materials or in this case the church book collection for Brunskog parish.

You can also find the National Archive Database reference code in the parish archive info box in ArkivDigital. Whenever one looks for an archive such as a parish archive, one will see two tabs at the top of page: volumes and archive info as shown below.

archiveNAD

More information about the archive is displayed in the info box. For most Swedish archives, you will also see NAD with a reference code as shown in the image above. You can click on the reference code which is a direct link to the National Archive Database which lists all the volumes that exist in the archives for this collection.

This is a good tool to use to determine if a volume actually exists. For example, let us search for a death record in Brunskog parish for the year 1931. When we search for death books in ArkivDigital, we find that the books only go up to 1928.

brunskogdeath

To check if there is an original death book for 1931, click on the archive info box for Brunskog parish and click on the NAD reference code which provides a direct link to the National Archive Database. There we will see that the 1931 death records are included  in the volume FI:7 1928-1952 as shown in the image below.

brunskogsarchive

Since this volume has records that are protected by the 70-year privacy law, the book is not available in ArkivDigital.  However, you will find the death record extracts for 1931 in the SCB collection in ArkivDigital. Click here for more information about the SCB collection.

ArkivDigital